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25 Cards in this Set

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Pure Food & Drug Act
1906; est. US Pharmacopia
Harrison Narcotic Act
1914; classified meds as habit forming
Federal Food, Drug, & Cosmetic Act
1938; 1st law to req. proof of safety to market a drug; ensures safety
Kefauver-Harris Amendment to the 1938 FFDCA
1962; est. government programs to promote tx. of dependence to Rx. meds
Controlled Substances Act
1970;
5 rights
1) right patient
2) right drug
3) right dose
4) right route
5) right time
6) right documentation
7) right allergies
3 checks
1) before preparing
2) while preparing
3) before administering to pt.
A state of mental, physical, and spiritual activity that leaves a person feeling refreshed, rejuvenated, and ready to resume the activities of the day
REST
A sustained altered state of consciousness that involves a rhythmic pattern of repeated cycles
SLEEP
stimulating, alert, awake
RAS
depressing, sleep
BSR
Sleep cycles
NREM1--relaxed wake
NREM2--more rapid wave, alpha
NREM3&4--delta waves; stage 4 is deepest
REM--lmportant in cognitive fx. and memory
In _____________ sleep, the parasympathetic nervous system is active and slows everything down.
NREM
cataplexy
sudden muscle weakness, emotional outburst
narcolepsy
sudden, overwhelming sense of drowsiness during wakeful hours. Tx. includes CNS stimulants
OSA
obstructive sleep apnea, muscles relax and cause obstruction; TX. is CPAP
CSA
central sleep apnea; control center in brain
extrinsic sleep disorders
inadequate sleep hygiene, insufficient sleep syndrome, hypnotic dependent; alcohol dependent; sleep disorders
Parasomnias
sleepwalking, sleep terrors, sleep talking, bruxism, enuresis
Dyssomnias
intrinsic--narcolepsy and sleep apnea
extrinsic
circadian rhythm sleep d/o
Anxiolytics
decrease anxiety
Sedatives
causes relaxation
Hypnotics
puts you to sleep
benzodiazepines
Ativan, lorazepam; depresses CNS
nonbenzodiazepams
Ambian; barbituates, chloral hydrate, paraldehyde (Paral)