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49 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Aphasia
unable to swallow
Dysphasia
difficulty swallowing
Ascites
accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
Borborygmus
audible abdominal sound produced by hyperactive intestinal peristalsis (stomach growling)
Chyme
acidic, liquified mass
Defecation
elimination of feces
Emesis
vomit
Eructation
producing gas from the stomach (belching)
Diarrhea
frequent passage of loose, watery stools
Flatus
excessive gas in the stomach or intestines
Gavage
feeding via NG tube
Lavage
washing out of a body cavity or organ
Hematemesis
vomiting blood
Stomatitis
inflammatory condition of the mouth
Meconium
material that collects in the fetus's intestines & forms the first stools
Melena
abnormal black tarry stool that has distinct odor & contains digested blood
Hematochezia
passage of RBCs thru the rectum
GERD
backflow of stomach contents into the esophagus
Guaic Test
test performed on feces for detecting occult blood in the intestinal tract
Halitosis
bad breath
Hemorrhoid
varicosity in the lower rectum or anus
Mastication
chewing
Peristalsis
coordinated, rhythmic contraction of smooth muscle that forces food thru the digestive tract
Paralytic Ileus
decrease or absence of peristalsis
Peritonitis
inflammation of the peritoneum
Steatorrhea
abnormal amounts of fat in the feces
Constipation
difficulty, incomplete, or infrequent stool passage
Encopresis
fecal holding with constipation & fecal soiling
Fecal impaction
accumulation of hardened feces in rectum or sigmoid colon the individual can’t move
Hernia
protrusion or projection of an organ thru an abnormal opening in the muscle wall
Intussuception
prolapse of one bowel segment into the lumen of another segment
Volvulus
twisting of the bowel onto itself, causing intestinal obstruction
Bulk Forming Laxatives
Fibercon, Citrucel, Metamucil
Surfactant laxatives
Magnesium Citrate, MOM, Sodium phosphate
Irritant or stimulant cathartics
Castor Oil, Cascara, Senokot, Black Draught, Dulcolax, Doxidan Feen-a-mint
Lubricant laxatives
mineral oil, oil retention enemas
Other laxatives
Cephulac, (Lactulose) Sorbitol, GoLytely
Stoma
a surgically created artificial opening of an internal organ on the surface of the body
Ileostomy
surgical formation of an opening of the ileum onto the surface of the abdomen, thru which fecal matter is emptied
Colostomy
surgical creation of an artificial anus on the abdomen wall by incising the colon & drawing it out to the surface
Loop Colostomy
a type of temporary colostomy performed as part of the surgical treatment for repair of some colon disease
Double Barrel Colostomy
bowel is surgically severed & the two ends are brought out onto the abdomen
Ileoanal reservoir
a pouch for collecting feces is created from the end of the small intestines & attached to the anus to serve as a rectum
Primary Function of GI system
Ingestion, Digestion, Absorption
Secondary Function of GI system
Storage and excretion
Effluent
a liquid, gas, or solid emission
Enema
the instillation of a solution into the rectum for cleansing or therapeutic purposes
Fiber
the indigestible residue in the diet that provides the bulk of fecal material
Bowel Incontinence
inability to control passage of feces from the anus