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30 Cards in this Set

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What is Botulism?
Botulism is a bacteria that causes foodborne illnesses
What are the symptoms of Botulism?
Fatigue, weakness, vertigo followed by blurred or double vision, difficulty speaking and swallong, dry mouth; eventually leading to paralysis and death
What is the source of Botulism bacteria?
Botulism is present on almost all food of either animal or vegetable origin;
Soil;
Water
What foods are involved in an outbreak of Botulism?
Food that was underprocessed or temperature abused in sorage, improperly canned foods, untreated garlic and oil mixutres, temperature-abused sauteed onions in butter, leftoer baked potatoes, stews, meat/opultry loaves; Rick for MAP and sous vide products
What preventive measures can be taken to prevent an outbreak of Botulism?
Do not service home-canned products;
Use careful time and temperature control for all bulky, thick foods;
Purchase only acidified garlaic-and-oil mixtures;
Saute onions to order or hold them properly;
Properly cool leftovers
What is Campylobaceriosis?
A bacteria that causes food borne illnesses.
What are some of the symptoms of a foodborne illness caused by campylobacter?
Diarrhea (watery or bloody);
Fever and nausea;
Abdominal Pain, headache, and muscle pain
What are the sources of Campylobacter bacteria?
Poultry and other animals;
Unpasteurized milk;
Unchlorinated water
What foods are involved in an outbreak of Campylobacter bacteria?
Unpasturized milk and dairy products;
Raw poultry;
Nonchlorinated or fecal-contaminated water
What measures can be taken to prevent an outbreak of campylobacter bacteria?
Thoroughly cook food, especially poultry, to required minimum internal temperatures; use pasteurized milk and treated water;
Avoid cross-contamination
What causes the Hemorrhagic Colitis foodborne illness?
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli
What are the symptoms of Escherichia coli foodborne illness?
Diarrhea (watery, may become bloody)
Serve abdominal cramps and pain, vomiting, mild or no fever; May cause kidney failure int he very young; symptoms more severe in the immunio-compromised.
What is the source of Escherichia coli foodborne illness?
Animals;
Particulary found in the intestinal tracts of cattle and humans;
Raw Unpasteurized milk
What foods are involved in an outbreak of Escherichia coli?
Raw and undercooked ground beef;
Unpasteurized milk and apple cide/juice, beef, improperly cured dry salami, lettuce, nonchlorinated water, alfalfa sprouts
What preventive measures can be taken to prevent an outbreak of Escherichia coli?
Thoroughly cook beef to at least 155F for 15 seconds;
Avoid cross-contamination;
Practice good personal hygiene;
Use only pasteurized milk, dairy products, and juices
What bacteria casues Vibrio Parahamolyticus Gastroenteritis foodborne illness?
Vibrio parahaemolyticus
What are the symptoms of Vibro Parahaemolyticus?
Diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, headache
What are the food sources of the Vibrio parahaemolyticus?
Crabs, clams, oysters, shrimp, lobster, scallops
What food is involved in an outbreak of Vibrio Parahaemolyticus?
Raw or partially cooked oysters, raw or partically cooked shellfish (clams and mussels); cross-comtaminated crabs, lobster, shrimp
What measures can be taken to prevent an outbreak of Vibrio Parahaemolyticus?
Tell high-risk populations to consult a physician before regularly consuming raw or partially cooked oysters;
Purchase seafood from approvided supplies;
Avoid Cross-contamination;
Maintain time and temperature control.
What is the bacteria that causes Vibrio Volnificus Primary Septicemia?
Vibrio Volnificus
What are the symptoms of a foodborne illness caused bythe vibrio vulnificus bacteria?
Fever, Chills, Nausea,hypotension, skin lesions may develop
What food source is particularly suseptible to the Vibrio Vulnificus bacteria?
Raw oysters, partcularly those harvested during warmer months;
Clams
Crabs
What foods are involved in outbreaks fof vibrio vulnificus?
Raw or partially cooked oysters
What can you do to prevent an outbreak of vibrio vulnificus?
Tell high-risk populations to consult a physician before consuming raw or partically good oysters;
Purchase seafood from approved suppliers;
Avoid cross-contamination;
Maintain time and temperature control
What is the bacteria that cuases the foodborne illness "Yersiniosis"?
Yersinia enterocolitica
What are the symptoms of a foodborne illness caused by the Yersinia enterocolitica bacteria?
Vary by age group, but diarrhea is common;
Symptoms may mimic appendicitis
Where does Yersinia Enterocolitica bacteria come from?
Domestic Animals;
Soil
Water
What food is involved in outbreaks of Yersiniosis?
Contaminated pasturized milk;
Raw unpasteurized milk;
Tofu
Nonchlorinated water;
Meat (pork, beef, lam)
Oysters
Fish
What measures can be taken to prevent an outbreak of Yersiniosis?
Use only pasteurized milk;
Minimize cross-contaminaiton;
Thoroughly cook food to required minimum internal temperatures;
Ensure that utensils and equipment are properly sanitized;
Use only sanitary, chlorinated water supplies