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116 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cranial bones (8)
r&l parietal
r&l temporal
frontal
occipital
sphenoid
ethmoid
facial bones (14)
r&l maxillae
r&l zygomatics
r&l nasals
r&l lacrimals
r&l palatines
r&l inferior nasal conchae
mandible
vomer
visceral skeleton
hyoid
ear ossicles (malleus, incus, stapes)
central hole of occipital bone
foramen magnum
knuckle-like projections near foramen magnum
occipital condyles
long thin spine extending laterally from temporal bone
zygomatic process
ear hole on the outside of temporal bone
external auditory meatus
ear hole on the inside of temporal bone
internal auditory meatus
area below posterior end of zygomatic process on temporal bone
otic capsule
rounded inferior projection on temporal bone
mastoid process
sharp inferior projection on temporal bone
styloid process
area below anterior end of zygomatic process on temporal bone
mandibular fossa
most lateral ear ossicle
malleus
most medial ear ossicle
stapes
middle ear ossicle
incus
superior knuckle-like projections on mandible farthest from teeth
mandibular condyle
superior knuckle-like projections on mandible closest to teeth
coronoid process
external hole below teeth (mandible)
mental foramen
internal hole (mandible)
mandibular foramen
space between coronoid process and mandibular condyle
mandibular notch
spines extending tranversely (sphenoid)
lesser wings
wide transverse extensions (sphenoid)
greater wings
large holes in greater wings (sphenoid)
foramen ovale
small holes in greater wings (sphenoid)
foramen rotundum
central portion of sphenoid
sella turcica
with lesser wings on top and greater wings on bottom, holes in sphenoid superior to sella turcica
optic foramen
superior portion of ethmoid bone
Crista Galli
portion of ethmoid just below Crista Galli with perforations
cribriform plate
perforations throughout cribriform plate
olfactory foramina
portions lateral to perpendicular plate in center
nasal conchae (superior above middle)
portion of hard palate closest to incisors (maxilla)
palatine process
rear portion of hard palate
palatine bones
superior internal portion of maxilla, visible within nasal cavity
inferior nasal concha
superior external portion of maxilla
frontal process
hole on the hard palate behind the incisors
incisive foramen
axial skeleton
skull, vertebral column, ribs, sternum
C1 & C2
atlas and axis
top portion of atlas
superior articulating facets
central flat portions that articulate with axis
facet for dens
projections on axis that articulate with atlas
dens
3 types of vertebrae
cervical, thoracic, lumbar
small holes to the side in this vertebra
transverse foramen in cervical vertebrae
thin medial projection with two points
bifed spinous process in cervical vertebrae
flat portions on top and bottom of body of thoracic vertebrae
demifacets
flat portion on transverse processes of thoracic vertebrae
facets for rib attachment
the type of vertebrae with largest body
lumbar
spine extending back and down on vertebrae
spinous process
projections extending to sides of vertebrae
transverse processes
top and bottom of vertebrae where they join with one another
superior and inferior articulating surfaces
primary hole in vertebra
vertebral foramen
holes form the length of the spine on each side as a result of vertebrae articulating
intervertebral foramen
tip of rib
head
portion of rib next to head
neck
most of the rib
body
small groove in body of rib
costal groove
head of sternum
manubrium
body of sternum
gladiolus
junction of head and body of sternum
sternal angle
tail of sternum
xiphoid process
appendicular skeleton
pectoral girdle (scapula and clavicle), upper appendages, pelvic girdle (os coxae, coxal bone), lower appendages
shoulder blade
scapula
thin projection on scapula leading to articulation point with clavicle
spine
projection on scapula that articulates with clavicle
acromion process
hooklike projection on scapula (other than acromion)
coracoid process
depression that articulates with humerus to form shoulder joint
glenoid fossa
end of clavicle that articulates with sternum (more blunt)
sternal end
end of clavicle that articulates with scapula (more slender)
acromial end
upper arm
humerus
ball of humerus
head
portion just below/to rear of head of humerus
anatomical neck
portion below anatomical neck
surgical neck
depression is end of humerus opposite of head
olecranon fossa
with olecranon fossa facing toward me, projection inferior to that
trochlea
with olecranon fossa facing away, projection lateral to trochlea
capitulum
two bones in forearm
radius (end extends length of wrist)
ulna (larger head)
top of radius
smaller end = head
long projection inferior to head
radial tuberosity
bottom of radius
styloid process
part of radius that articulates with ulna
ulnar notch
rounded projection at smaller end of ulna
head
projection on top of ulna that articulates with humerus, forming elbow
olecranon process
space next to olecranon process
semilunar (trochlear) notch - articulates with trochlea
small projection (lowest) at small end of ulna
styloid process
part of ulna that articulates with radius
radial notch
rounded top portion of os coxa
ilium
round depression of os coxa where femur articulates
acetabulum
large hole in bottom of os coxa
obturator foramen
center bottom portion of os coxae
pubis
portion of os coxa lateral to obturator foramen
ischium
tailbone
coxal bone
upper leg
femur
ball at top of femur
head
portion of femur just below head
neck
portion of femur lateral to neck
greater trochanter
portion of femur inferior to neck
lesser trochanter
very bottom of femur
patellar surface
bottom of femur, lateral to patellar surface (head facing right)
lateral condyle, opposite side of head
bottom of femur, medial to patellar surface (head facing right)
medial condyle, same side as head
finger bones, extending from wrist outward
8 carpels (wrist), 5 metacarpels, 14 phalanges
bones of lower legs
tibia (large) and fibula (small)
medial projection at top of tibia
medial condyle
lateral projection at top of tibia (extends over fibula)
lateral condyle
large rough projection/surface near top of tibia
tibial tuberosity
inferior projection on tibia on same side as medial condyle
medial malleolus
top of fibula
head
bottom of fibula
lateral malleolus
tarsals
two bones: calcaneus (heel) and talus (ankle)
toe bones
metatarsals - 5
phalanges - 14
types of food poisoning
bacterial food diseases such as staphylococci, C. botulinum, C. clostridium, vibrio
food-borne infection such as salmonella
gland in male pig at base of bladder
prostate
glands lateral to prostate in male pig
seminal vesicles
lowest gland in male pig
bulbourethral gland
where vagina and urethra meet in female pig
urogenital sinus
small piece of skin external to urogenital opening in female pigs
genital papilla
structures visible under microscope (male)
seminiferous tubules, sperm heads, sperm tails, Leydig cells (interstitial)
structures visible under microscope (female)
follicle, oocyte