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47 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
-blast
embryonic
osteoblast
immature bone
-plast
formation
osteoplast
bone formation
diaphysis
grow through
periosteum
surround bone
cortic/o
outer layer
cortical
pertaining to the outer layer
orth/o
to straiten (bone)
-clast
break down
-gen
produce
calc/i
calcium
osteoclasis
to break down bone
a body system is
a group of organs and tissues that work together on certain processes
purpose of the musculoskeletal system is
support and protect the body and allow movement
bones are the principle organs of;
movement
red and white blood cell formation and storage
calcium and phosphorus storage and release
hematopoietic
hemopoietic
red bone marrow
(manufactures red blood cells)
articulation
movement
osseous tissue
connective tissue in bones
the formation of bones is;
osteoblast - osteocyte - ossifies - bone
componates of osseous tissue
osteocytes surrounded by substance containing calcium and phosphorus
ossification
process of bone hardening
process that fix bone breaks
osteoclasis
osteoclasts
cells that perform osteoclasis
Bone types;
Irregular (sesamoid)
flat
short
long
Irregular bones
bones that have no certain shape, some are sesamoid bones (shaped as seeds)
sesamoid bones
looks like seeds
flat bones
flat, for example ribs
short bones
short, for example, metatarsal
long bones
long, for example femur
Three functions of long bones
blood reproduction
weight baring
muscle attachment
epiphysis
the end of the bone
epiphyseal line
a line where the shaft of the bone begins
metaphysis
the space where the epiphysis and diaphysis meet (epiphyseal line)
diaphysis
shaft of the bone
periosteum
strong fibrous membrane that surrounds the bone
articular cartilidge
covers the surface of a bone that meets against another bone to form a joint
compact (cortical) bone
hard dense bone under the periosteum
haversian canals
canals in cortical bone that allows nutrients and oxygen to reach the bone
medullary cavity
canal inside the diaphysis of long bones that contain yellow bone marrow
yellow bone marrow
inside the medullary cavity, contains fat cells
cancellous bone
aka spongy or trabecular bone
porous bone found in the epiphysis
trabeculae
"lattice work" that makes up spongy bone
red bone marrow
found in the hollows of spongy bone tissue
intercellular
?
phagocytosis
?
hyaline
?