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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a hereditary disorder of cartilage and bone formation
ankylosing spondylitis
a rheumatoid arthritis of the spine
inflammation of one or more joints
the most common type of arthritis
malignant tumor of cartilage
degenerative joint disease
joint disease which is characterized by degeneration of the articular cartilage
Ewing tumor
a cancerous tumor or malignancy which invades the entire bone shaft; type of
a cancerous tumor or malignancy which invades the entire bone shaft
a systemic disease due to depositation of urate crystals
Hurler syndrome
this condition is a result of a deficiency in alkaline phosphate; type of
this condition is a result of a deficiency in alkaline phosphate
Legg-Calve-Perthes disease
there is a loss of blood suppy in the head of the femur
Marfan syndrome
abnormal formation of connective tissue
multiple myeloma
most common bone neoplasm-tumor derived from the blood cells
Osgood-Schlatter disease
affects the tibial tubercle, where the patella inserts onto the tibia, it manifests when growth centers become stressed
osteochondritis dissecans
osteochondrosis involving the joints, particularly the shoulder and knee joints
a group of developmental disorders which affect ossification centers and usually occur in adolescence
oseogenesis imperfecta
a result of abnormal formation of connective tissues
osteoid osteoma
a benign lesion which can occur in any bone but is most common in the long bones
softening of bone
a bacterial infection of the bone, although it can be a fungal infection
Staphylococcus aureus
most common osteomyelitis
occurs when the density of the bone is inadequate to allow for the proper support required
forward hunching of the spine
Paget disease
a degenerative disorder of the bone resulting in the softening and swelling of bone
psoriatic arthritis
joint involvement of psoriasis
Reiter syndrome
arthritis associated with non bacterial urethritis, conjunctivitis, cevicitis, and mucocutaneous lesions
occur in infants as a result of overgrowth of poorly mineralized bone and enlarged marrow cavities
Scheuermann disease
specifically affects the ossification centers of the vertebrae
lateral curvature of the spine in the erect position caused by malignment of the vertebrae