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42 Cards in this Set

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joins with two other inner coverings the perimysium and the endomysium, to extend beyond the muscle to form a tough cord of connective tissue, called a tendon
anchor muscles to bones
tendon sheaths
contain synovial fluid and permit the tendons to slide easily; also keep the tendons in place
all the tendons, ligaments and aponeuroses of the body are composed of various sizes, shapes and densities of connective tissue
motor unit
each muscle cell comes in contact with several capillaries and a portion of a nerve cell. The muscle cells, in union with the nerve cell that controls them.
breaks down the acetylcholine once it has transferred the message. Allowing the muscle to relax between impulses.
Laminography or planography is also called body section roentgenography
this radiogaphic procedure is useful in locating small cavities, foreign bodies, and lesions that are overshadowed by opaque structures.
is a radiographic procedure that allows accurate measurement of the bones length.
the puncture of a patients joint with a needle and the withdrawl of fluid, which is performed to obtain samples of synovial fluid for diagnostic purposes.
rheumatoid spondylitis
women develop a milder form of ankylosing spondylitis andn fusion of the spine is rarely seen.
fixation of a joint, often in abnormal position, usually results from destruction of articular cartilage and subchondral bone.
ankylosing spondylitis(aks)
involves inflammation in which the liagment or tendon attaches to the bone and does not affect the synovial membrane, as seen in rheumatoid athritis
aks can affect
joints such as the neck, jaw, shoulders, knees and hips. and the disease process causes the ligaments to harden.
calculi containing sodium urate deposits that develop in periarticular fibrous tissue, typically in patients with gout.
is a musculoskeletal chronic pain syndrome of unknown etiology that causes pain in th muscles, bones or joints.
sugical fusion of a joint.
refers to repair or refashioning of one or both sides, parts or specific tissue within a joint.
bipolar hip replacement
hemiarthroplasty; are used to replace the femoral head and neck in fractures when the vascular supply to the femoral head may be compromised.
colles fracture
fracture of the distal portion of the radius within 1 inch of the joint of the wrist that commonly occurs when a person attempts t o break a fall by putting the hands down.
bony deposits formed between and around the broken ends of a fractured bone during healing
compartment syndrome
is pathologic conditions caused by the progressive developmnet of arterial vessesl compression and reduced blood supply to an extremity.
volkmanns contracture
is a permanent contracture that can occur as a result of compartment syndrome.
volkmanna contractue with a claw hand
flexion of wrist and fingers and atrophy of the forearm.
circolectric bed
is a vertical turning bed that can be operated electrically by one person and placed in a variety of positions.
circolectric beds allows
side to side movement can be accomplished while maintaining proper positioning if traction is ordered.
rotorest bed
can rock a patient as much as 62 degrees, 17 times an hour.
rotorest bed can promote
pressure ulcer healing, prevent venous thrombosis and reduce kidney stone formation. orthopedic traction can be attached to the bed, as well as tv set for diversion activity.
crutch walking
depend on the number of points making contact with the floor.
cane walking
is more popular with older patients an is used for balance and support.
partial or incomplete dislocations
any subjective sensation as of pricks of pins and needles
a decrease in sensation oin response to stimulation of the sensory nerves
radicular pain
the pain radiates over the buttock and down the leg, following the sciatic nerve pathway.
surgical removal of the bony archesor one or more vertebrae performed to relieve compression of the spinal cord caused by bone displacement from an injury or degeneration of a disk or to remove a displaced vertebral disk.
spinal fusion
the surgical immobolization of a joint; artificial ankylosis. Removal of the lamina and several herniated nuclei pulposi.
often done with a microscope. only the extruded disk material is removed.
endoscopic spinal microsurgery
can be performed under local anesthesia. Special scopes enable the surgeon to successfully remove herniated discs with minimal damage to the surrounding tissues.
can be done on patients who have no nerve involvement. The procedure involves administering a local anesthetic agent and then guiding a needle into the nucleus pulposus to inject chymopapain.
curvature of the spine
a rounding of the thoracic spine, hump back appearance
an increase in the curve at the lumbar space region that throws the shoulders back.
blanching test
to whiten or pale. is a test of the rate of capillary refill, which signals circulation status. Also referred to as a capillary nail refill test.