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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
body cavities
spaces within the body that help protect, separate, and support internal organs (bones, muscles, ligaments separate body cavities)
cranial cavity
contains the brain; formed by the cranial bones
vertebral (spinal) cavity
contains the spinal cord; formed by the bones of the vertebral column (backbone)
three layers of protective tissue that lines the cranial cavity and the vertebral cavity
thoracic cavity
chest cavity; formed by the ribs, the muscles of the chest, the sternum, and the thoracic portion of the vertebral column (backbone)
pericardial cavity
a fluid-filled space that surrounds the heart
pleural cavity
(2)each one surrounds one lung and contains a small amount of fluid
central part of the thoracic cavity; between the lungs; extending from the sternum to the verebral column and from the neck to the diaphragm
a dome-shaped muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity
abdominopelvic cavity
extends from the diaphragm to the groin and is encircled by the abdominal wall and the bones and muscles of the pelvis
abdominal cavity
the superior portion; contains the stomach, spleen, liver, gall-bladder, small intestine, and most of the large intestine
pelvic cavity
the inferior portion; containsthe urinary bladder, portions of the large intestine, and internal organs of the reproductive system
organs inside the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities