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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
oxidizing agent
chlorine
not for living tissue
disinfectants
formalin=
formaldehyde 37% in water
2% glutaldehyde
10 hrs
alcohol
disinfectant
quaternary ammonium
disinfectant
250F (121C) for 15-20 mins
autoclave
320 F (160) for 2 hrs
dry heat sterilization
340 (170) for 1 hr
dry heat sterilization
water interferes with sterilization process
dry heat sterilization
highly resistan heat resistant spore
clostridium botulism
121 (250) 15lbs 15-20

134 (270) 30psi 3min
steam autclaves
min temp to kill all living organisms
121C (250F)
3 min flash =
steam autclave
134 (270) 3 min
ethylene oxide
toxic
ethylene oxide
alkylate proteins/nucleic acids
doesnt damage heat senstitive materials
ethylene oxide
evaporate w/o residue
ethylene oxide
irreversibly inactivate cellular nucleic acids (DNA)
ethylene oxide
applied to living tissue
antiseptic
wont destroy hepatitis
cold disinfectant
sterilized by filtration
liquids
most widely used antiseptic
alcohol
denatures proteins
alcohol
major form antiseptic in hospital
isopropyl alcohol
clean skin prior to injection
ethanol
most effective skin antiseptic
iodine
oxidizing agent
combines irreversibly with proteins
iodine
1,000,000-
100,000,000
HBV in choronic carrier
chlorhexidine gluconate
triclosan
handwash agent
60%-80% alcohol =
waterless hand hygiene
=
isopropyl alcohol
intermediate surface disinfectant
mycobacterium tuberculosis
penetrate wax/lipid outer layer
intermediate level agents:
phenols
idophors
hypochlorite
immediate Type I rxn to
rubber latex
protein
hevea bradiliensis
type I
immediate
IgE mediated rxn to
rubber latex
inanimate
disinfectant
short intervals of heat to kill Mycobacterium tuberculosis
pasteurization
reduce, inhibit #, growth
so
no longer a threat
disinfection
opportunistic infection
nonpathogenic microorganisms
whose resistance has been decreased
no dull edges
fast cycle time
dry instruments after cycle
rapid heat
cationic detergents
quaternary ammonium compounds
disinfectants and antiseptics
quaternary ammonium compounds
anionic
soaps
nonionic chemicals
no antimicrobial properties