Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/146

Click to flip

146 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
invasive malignant tumor
carcinoma
grow by expansion
benign tumors
local invasion
malignant tumors
osseous bone tumors
osteogenic sarcoma
parosteal osteogenic sarcoma
chondrosacrcoma
malignant giant cell tumor
most common osseous bone tumor
osteogenic sarcoma
knee are
malignant giant cell tumor
pelvis
prox femur
rib
shoulder
chondrosarcoma
nonosseous tumors
chondroma
ewing sarcoma
fibrosarcoma
most commmon in kids
osteogenic
ewings
orginates in bone marrow
ewing sarcoma
shaft of long bone
flat bone
ewing sarcoma
very radiosensitive
ewing sarcoma
periosteum
overlying muscle
fibrosarcom
embryonic remnants of notochord
chordoma
common indication of primary malignant bone tumor
bone pain
more common in males
malignant lymphoma
non hodgkin
lymphosarcomas
malignant lymphoma
originate in lymph gland
malignant lymphoma
undifferentiated malignant lymphoma
burkitt's lymphoma
cause of burkitt lymphoma
EBV
no reed cells
malignant lymphoma
differentiate
malignant lymphoma vs
hodgkin via
biopsy
lymph gland tumor
high grade B cell lymphoma
burkitt
large mass in jaw
african
abdominal mass
american
burkitt
defective B lymphocytes
burkitt
slow growing type of non Hodgkin
mycosis fungoides
prickle
keratin pearl
SCC
more aggressive than basal cell cancer
squamous cell carcinoma
SCC a/w chemical carcinogens
arsenic
radiation
scc
locally invasive
SCC resembles
cervical cancer
component of basement membrane
laminin
most common malgnant tumor of skin
basal cell carcinoma
ulcerative
indurated
basal cell carcinoma
does not metastasize
BCC
palisade
BCC
most severe tumor of skin
malignant melanoma
base pair added/deleted
frame shift mutation
integrated into DNA
transposons
radiosensitive cells
lymphocytes
bone marrow blood forming cells
epi cells of GI
radioresistant
nerve
mature bone cells
muscle
malignant neoplasms
colon

rectum
second common cancer causing death
carcinoma of colon / rectum
CEA
colorectal cancer
constipation
tumors on left side=
descending colon
most common site of colon cancer
sigmoid colon
third most common cause of death in men
prostate
prostate cancer =
adenocarcinoma
prostate cancer metastsize
bone
urinary tract obstruction in men
nodular hyperplasia
muscle malignant tumor
rhabdomyosarcoma
beign muscular tumor
rhabdomyoma
fibroid
leiomyoma
smooth muscle
leiomyoma
uterus
leiomyoma
most common tumer of woman
leiomyoma
pelvic tumor
uterine fibroids
adenocarcinoma in woman
breast
breast cancer occurs more in
left breast
positive nodes
20-25
positive nodes
20-25
palpable breat mass
fibrocystic disease
palpable breat mass
fibrocystic disease
lung cancer develops
wall/epithelium of
bronchial tree
lung cancer develops
wall/epithelium of
bronchial tree
squamous cell lung cancer =
epidermoid
squamous cell lung cancer =
epidermoid
adenocarcinom=
lung cancer
adenocarcinom=
lung cancer
small cell
lung cancer
small cell
lung cancer
cancers spread to lung most from
breast
colon
cancers spread to lung most from
breast
colon
cigs=
peptic ulcer
carcinoma of esophagus
carcinoma of larynx
COPD
cigs=
peptic ulcer
carcinoma of esophagus
carcinoma of larynx
COPD
potent carcinogen in cigs
benzpyrene
potent carcinogen in cigs
benzpyrene
route of metstasis
lymph
route of metstasis
lymph
main bronchus
bronchogenic carcinomas
main bronchus
bronchogenic carcinomas
epidermoid
squamous cell

*most common*
epidermoid
squamous cell

*most common*
first sign of hodgkin disease
enlarged LN
first sign of hodgkin disease
enlarged LN
presence of reed-sternberg
splenomegaly
presence of reed-sternberg
splenomegaly
malignant lymphoma with no reed-sternberg cell
non hodgkin
malignant lymphoma with no reed-sternberg cell
non hodgkin
well differentiated
benign neoplasm
slow growth
benign neoplasm
encapsulated
well circumscribed
benign neoplasm
localized
benign neoplasm
movable
benign neoplasm
immovable
malignant neoplasm
indicator of prognosis of malignant tumors
degree of localization
basis of staging
degree of localization
earliest indication of multiple myeloma
back and rib pain
worsen with exercise
MM pain from
malignant PC on nerves in periosteum of bone
bence jones protein caused by
light chain dimer
occurs mostly in ovary
teratoma
dermoid cyts i
in ovary
malignant tumor of mesenchymal origin
sarcoma
sarcomas =
osteosarcoma
leiomyosarcoma-smooth muscle
carcinoma of glandular epi
adenocarcinoma
from stratified squamous epi
squamous cell carcinoma
marked by keratin
SCC
nonosseous malignant bone tumor
ewing's
most bone tumors are
secondary
hematopoietic
vascular
neural tissue
nonosseous tumors
difficult to distinguish ewing from
neuroblastoma
reticulum cell sarcoma
premalignant epi lesion >
actinic keratosis
benign neoplasm of older
seborrheic keratosis
anywhere on skin
brown/black
seborrheic keratosis
cutaneous disorder

hyperkeratosis
pigmentation of
axilla
neck
flexures
acanthosis nigricans
pt with acanthosis nigricans also have
GI carcinoma
anaplasia
hyperchromatism
pleomorphism
abnormal mitosis
malignancy
nonmalignant cellular growth
dysplasia
epi shows acanthosis
dysplasia
abnormal thickening of prickle cell layer
acanthosis
malignant tumor of mesenchymal origin
osteosarcoma
skeletal muscle
rhabdomyoma
common soft tissue tumor
lipoma
fibrous connective tissue
fibroma
glandular epi
adenoma
connective tissue
myxoma
small benign mass of normal tissue MISPLACED
choristoma
overgrowth of cell that are found within affected organ
hamartoma
irregular accumulation of BV =
hemangioma
fibroid tumor=
leiomyoma
most dangerous skin cancer
malignant melanoma
poorest prognosis
nodular melanome
least coomon of melanoma
acral lentiginous
tumor that is RADIAL
DONT METASTASIZE
vertical
metastasis may occur
most common skin cancer
BCC
SCC
pheochromocytoma
episodic hyptertension
chromafin cell tumor
pheochromocytoma
excess catecholamines
pheochromocytoma
pheochromocytoma
MEN
neurofibromatosis
von hipple lindau
neurofibromatosis
von recklinghausen
highly malignant of childhood
neuroblastoma
most common malignant tumor of chidhood
neuroblastoma
large abdomen
abdominal pain
neuroblastoma
90% neuroblastomas produce
epi>
increase heart rate>
anxiety