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170 Cards in this Set

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erythrogenic exotoxin
strep pyogenes
scarlet fever
erythrogenic exotoxin
specific for the cells of
mucous membrane of intestine
enterotoxins
botulism
clostridium
tetanospasm
tetanus
bacterial dysentery
shigella
food poisoning
staph aureus
diptheria
corynebacterium dipth
no hemolysis
gamma hemolytic strep
incomplete hemolysis
green
alpha hemolytic strep
hemolysis
clear
beta hemolytic
beta hemolytic -
group A
erythrogenic toxin
hyaluronidase
streptokinase
hemolysins
lysis of erythrocytes
makes hemolysins
strep
beta hemolytic
Group A
pathogenic
cell wall M protein
beta hemolytic
Group A

prototype
S. pyogenes
phase of bacteria growth
lag >
exponential >
stationary >
death
cells metabolically active
not dividing
lag phase
exponential growth phase
log phase
fastest growth
log phase
cidal antibiotics work at this phase
log
endotoxins
gram -
bacterial gram - cell
LPS
endotoxin
LPS
pathogenic effects of endotoxin
complement cascade
exotoxin
gram -
gram +
endotoxin
gram -
free endotoxin
inflamed ging
dental plaque
inflammaton
resorption of bone
LPS
intiate perio dx
plaque bacteria that release
-hyaluronidase
-collagenase
-chondroitin sulfatase
-elastase
-protease
suppurative infections
staph aureus
acute onset food poisoning
STAPH aureus
staph cell wall
protein A
staphylokinase
s aureus
streptokinase
hemolytic streptococco
staphlokinase
streptokinase
urokinase
cleave plasminogen > plasmin
causes
liquefaction of FIBRIN
staphlokinase
streptokinase
urokinase

USED FOR
removal of blood clots
most # in oral cavity
strep
strep cause
pneumonia
rheumatic fever
heart valve infections
produce
HYALURONIDASE
strep
clostridium
staph
fibrinogen > fibrin
coagulase
staph aureus >
coagulase
phospholipase
phospholipase
lyse RBC
dissolves blood clots
fibrinolysis
staphylokinase
streptokinase
destroys RBC
lecthinase
acid fast stain
mycobacterium TB
PPD
delayed hypersensitivity rxn
produce neither
exotoxins
endotoxins
mycobacterioum TB
mycolic acids
mycobacterium
primary lesio of TB
tubercle
ghon focus
actinomycetes
mycolic acids
indicator of virulence
capsule
involved in energy transformation =

oxidative phosphorylation
cell membrane
antiphagocytic
polysaccharide capsule
polysaccharide capsule =
streptococcuc pneumoniae
technoic acid
gram +
murein
gram +
attachment site for bacteriophage
teichoic acid
cell envelope=
GRAM NEGATIVE
LPS
protein
phospholipid
disseminated infection
viremia
susceptible to cirulating antibodies
viremia
sepsis
staph aureus
e.coli
kleb
gram -
facultative
ecoli
vibrio
pasteurella
hemophilus
enterobacteriaceae
e coli
salmonella
shigella
kleb
yersinia
E coli
UTI
diarrhea
foodborne dx
spirochete
trponema
borrelia
gram -
aerobic
rods/cocci
pseudomona
bordetella
neisseria
legionella
gram -
anaerobic
rods/cocci
bacteriodes
fusobacterium
prevotella
gram +
cocci
staph
strep
entero
peptostrp
endospore
bacillus
clostridium
gram +
rod
lactobacillus
gram +
rod
irreg
corynebacterium
actinomyces
actinomycetes
streptomyc
norcardia
scarlet fever
strep pyogene
impetigo
cellulitis
strep pyogenes
rheumatic fever
strep pyogene
acute poststreptococcal glomeruloneph
strep pyogene
neonatal
pneumonia
meningitis
sepsis
group B
strep

s. agalactiae
strep pyogenes >
exotoxins
frequent bacterial pathogen
hemolytic strep
group A
strep throat
strep pyogenes
fixed phago
1-macrophage
2-reticuloendo
free phago
in blood

leukocyte
transcription
dna > mRNA

by DNA dependent RNA polymerase
capsule prevents
opsonization of cells by complement
coating of organisms to speed up phagocytosis
opsonization
plasminogen > plasmin
urokinase
staphlokinase
streptokinase
urokinase
cleave plasminogen
disseminated infection
viremia
susceptible to cirulating antibodies
viremia
sepsis
staph aureus
e.coli
kleb
gram -
facultative
ecoli
vibrio
pasteurella
hemophilus
enterobacteriaceae
e coli
salmonella
shigella
kleb
yersinia
E coli
UTI
diarrhea
foodborne dx
spirochete
trponema
borrelia
gram -
aerobic
rods/cocci
pseudomona
bordetella
neisseria
legionella
gram -
anaerobic
rods/cocci
bacteriodes
fusobacterium
prevotella
gram +
cocci
staph
strep
entero
peptostrp
endospore
bacillus
clostridium
gram +
rod
lactobacillus
gram +
rod
irreg
corynebacterium
actinomyces
actinomycetes
streptomyc
norcardia
obligate intracellular parasite
viruses
lipoprotein envelope
viruses
dont contain organelles
viruses
replicate by mitosis
eukaryotes
replicate binary fission
prokaryotes
membranes contail sterol
eukaryotes
mycoplasms contain what in membrane
sterol
true nucleus
eukaryotes
anaerobic process of glucose metabolism is in
cytoplasm
aerobic cycle
mitochondria
formation of ATP during electron transfer
oxidative phosphorylation
aerobic oxidative phosporylation
terminal hydrogen acceptor=
oxygen
anaerobic oxidative phosphorylation
terminal hydrogen acceptor=
nitrate
sulfate
fermentation
substrate phosphorylation
formation of ATP
not coupled to
electron transfer
substrate phosphorylation
substrate phosphorylation
final hydrogen acceptor=
pyruvate
adult perio bacteria=
porphyromona
prevotella
bacteroides
campylo
20-35
perio dx >
rapidly progressing perio
depressed neutropil chemotaxis
inflammation
rapid bone loss
rapid perio dx
superoxide dismutase
catalase
byproducts of
aerobic metabolism
hydrogen peroxide
hydrogen > water & oxygen
catalase
free superoxide radicals > h2o & hyrdrogen peroxide
superoxide dismutase
have no
1-superoxide dismutase
2-catalase
obligate anaerobes
ATP generating system is dependent on oxygen=hydrogen acceptor
obligate aerobes
asexual reproduction
spores
detected using ELISA
toxin=E.coli
cystitis
UTI
Ecoli
membraneless in prokaryotic cells
nucleoid
no nuclear membrane
no nucleolus
no mitotic apparatus
no histones
nucleoid
-extrachromosomal
-circular DNA
-replicate independent of chromosome
plasmid
DNA move within/btw
bacteria
plasmid
bacteriophage
transposons
one bacterium to the next >
change in phenotype of 2nd
transformation
ANUG
prevotells intemedia
spirochtes
in perio dx
IgG
strep mitis
strep sanguis
actinomyces viscosus
staph epidermis
Sub -G
spirochete invasde
epi
CT
Plasminogen > plasmin
streptokinase
dissolves fibrin in
1-clot
2-thrombi
3-emboli
streptokinase
rapidly destroys tissue
exotoxin B
TSST
pyrogenic exotoxin A
not inactivated by oxygen
streptolysin S
not antigenic
Streptolysin S
scarlet fever
erythrogenic toxin
degrades ground substance hyaluronic acid of tissue
hyaluronidase
primary lung lesion
TB
ghon focus
tubercle
leprosy
mycobacteria leprae
hyaluronidase made by
strep
staph
clostridium
fibrinogen > fibrin
coagulase
dissolves clots
fibrinolysins
staphlokinase
streptokinase
lyse RBc
phospholipase
destroys RBC
a/w
clostridium perfringens
lecithinase
acid fast stain
mycobacterium TB
produce neither
exotoxins
endotoxins
mycobacterium TB
PPD
delayed hypersensitivity rxn
endotoxins >
gram -
LPS
endotoxin
activate complement cascade
endotoxin
exotoxin
gram -
gram +
outer membrane
endotoxin
LPS effect
inflammation
bone resorption
chemotactic effect
on neutrophilic granulocytes

= endotoxin
hyaluronidase
collagenase
sulfatase
elastase >
plaque bacteria
protect cells against phagocytosis by eukaryotes
capsule
antiphagocytic=
polysaccharide capsule
strep pneumonia
antiphagocytic
oxidative phosphorylation
cell membrane
removal of blood clots
staphlokinase
streptokinase
urokinase
staphlokinase
streptokinase
urokinase
plasminogen > plasmin