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81 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
vit B12 absorption
ileum
valves of kerckring
jejunum
submucosal glands
duodenum
plicae circulares
jejunum
brunner's glands
duodenum
bile drained thru
hepatic duct
bile duct
trypsinogen > trypsin
enterokinase =
duodenal brushborder enzyme
hepatic duct/bile duct >
duodenum
no food in SI >
sphincter of ampulla constricts
sphincter of ampulla constricts > bile in duodenum forced >
cystic duct
food in duodenum > CCK >
relax sphincter of ampulla
no submucosa
gallbladder
blood to gallbladder
cystic artery
right hepatic artery >
CYSTIC ARTERY
gallbladder innervation
celiac plexus (vagus)
large intestine lack
villi
ileocecal >
anus
large intestine
large intestine 3 parts
1-cecum
2-colon
3-rectum
beginning of LI
cecum
vermiform appendix
lymphoid tissue
sigmoid to anus
rectum
no teniae coli
rectum
brunner gland
submucosa

duodenum
retroperitoneal
duodenum
duodenal papilla receives
common bile duct
pancreatic duct
blood to duodenum
superior pancreaticoduodenal artery

inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery
brunner secrete
alkaline mucus
gastroduodenal artery >
superior pancreaticoduodenal artery > duodenum
superior mesenteric artery >
inferior pacnreaticoduodenal artery > duodenum
parasympath
pregang in
vagus
vagus > esophageal branch
esophagus
parasympath
esophagus motor
vagus > recurrent laryngeal

esophageal plexus > sympathetic innervation
esophagus blood
inferior thyroid artery
esophagus behind
trachea
in
thorax
esophagus empties into
cardiac orifice
2 parts to esophagus
based on changes of tunica muscularis
stomach and esophagus connection
cardiac orifice
stomach to SI
pyloric sphincter
cardia
fundus
body
pyloris
4 regions of stomach
near stomach/esophagus
cardia
near stomach/duodenum
pyloris
connect stomach to viscera
***mesenteries***
lesser omenta
greater omenta
in fundus & body
parietal cells > HCL
zymogenic >pepsin
thru out stomach
enteroendocrine > gastrin
bile produced
hepatocytes
line liver sinusoids
kupffer
liver lobes separated by
falciform ligament
attaches liver to anterior abdominal wall
falciform ligament
attach liver to indersurface of diaphragm
coronary ligament
liver receives blood from 2 sources
1-hepatic artery
2-hepatic portal vein
most plicae circulare
most villi
jejunum
thicker muscular walls in SI
jejunum
more mesenteric fat
ileum
more goblet
ileum
complex blood supply
ileum
teniae coli
LI
muscularis externa
of LI
inner circle smooth muscle layer

outer 3 banded layer of longitudinal smooth muscle for peristalsis
ascending/transverse colon nerve supply
vagus
thick longitudinal bands of smooth muscle
teniae coli
pelvic splanchnic nerve
descending colon
sigmoid colon
rectum
teniae shorter in LI >
haustra
increase surface area of LI
simple columnar w/ microvillous
crypts of lieberkuhn
LI
plicae circulares
mucosa of SI
jejunum
plicae circulares=valves of kerckring
enteroendocrine cells
SI in duodenum
crypts of lieberkuhn
SI
-base of villi
paneth cells >
digestive enzymes
in crypts of leiberkuhn
brunners gland
duodenum
peyer's
ileum
pelvic splanchnic nerve
descending colon
sigmoid colon
rectum
teniae shorter in LI >
haustra
increase surface area of LI
simple columnar w/ microvillous
crypts of lieberkuhn
LI
plicae circulares
mucosa of SI
jejunum
plicae circulares=valves of kerckring
enteroendocrine cells
SI in duodenum
crypts of lieberkuhn
SI
-base of villi
paneth cells >
digestive enzymes
in crypts of leiberkuhn
brunners gland
duodenum
peyer's
ileum