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135 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
external carotid artery lies within
parotid
external carotid artery extends
upper border of
thyroid cartilage
external carotid artery divides
1-maxillary
2-superficial temporal arteries
external carotid and branches supplly
muscles
neck/face
thyroid gland
salivary
scalp
tongue
jaws
teeth
external carotid >
SUPERIOR THYROID ARTERY
thyroid
sternocleidomastoid
superior laryngeal artery
external carotid >
LINGUAL ARTERY
tongue
external carotid >
FACIAL
FACE
SUBMANDIBULAR GLAND
external carotid >

POSTERIOR AURICULAR ARTERY
BACK OF SCALP
external carotid >

SUPERFICIAL TEMPORAL ARTERY
termianal branch of

external carotid

to temple/scalp
internal carotid supplies
brain
terminal branches of

INTERNAL CAROTID
ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERIES

MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERIES
supplies posterior brain
basilar artery
branches of
SUBCLAVIANS
2 vertebral arteries
2 vertebrals become
basilar artery
common carotids branch
2 internal carotids
2 internals carotids divide further in

middle cranial fossa
1-anterior cerebral artery
2-middle cerebral artery
posterior cerebral
posterior communicating
internal carotid
anterior cerebral
anterior communicating >>>>
circle of willis
collateral circulation =
circle of willis
internal carotid artery >
ophthalmic artery
ophthalamic artery follow
optic nerve

thru

optic foramen
dilation of common carotid artery
carotid sinus
carotid sinus @
bifurcation of
internal carotid
external carotid
baroreceptors in
carotid sinus
stimulate baroreceptors in carotid sinus >
slow heart
BP decreases
vasodilate
carotid sinus innervated
glossopharyngeal nerve
posterior to bifurcation of commom carotid artery
carotid body
carotid body innervated by
1-glossopharyngeal
2-vegas nerve
carotid body has
chemoreceptor
carotid body chemoreceptor sensitive to
high CO2
reduced O2

so get rise in BP / HR
carotid sinus syndrome
temp loss of consciousness
what stimulates carotid sinus
BP
lenticulostriate arteries
middle cerebral
wall of sinusoids
phagocytic cells
reticuloendothelial system
phagocytosis
antibody formation

a/w sinusoids
largest branch of
INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY
middle cerebral artery
sinusoids in
1-liver
2-spleen
3-pituitary
4-adrenal
5-carotid
6-pancreas
7-parathyroid
tunica media
smooth muscle cells
arteries of stroke
lenticulostriate arteries

thin walled
tunica media thick...
arteries
tunica externa
vasa vasorum
brings O2 to liver
hepatic artery
food laden blood to liver
hepatic portal vein
hepatic portal vein formed by
1-superior mesenteric vein
2-splenic vein
common hepatic >
hepatic artery
celiac trunk >
common hepatic
hepatic vein >
IVC
all blood from

-hepatic arteries
-portal vein
>>>>
sinusoids
sinusoids are mixture of
arterial
venous blood
sinusoids >
common central vein
common central vein >
one of
3 hepatic veins
3 hepatic veins >
IVC
IVC >
heart
arterioles composed mainly of
smooth muscle
supplies submandibular gland
facial artery
external carotid artery branch >
facial artery
facial artery branches >
1-cervical

2-facial
facial artery supplies
***submandibular ***
1-face
2-tonsils
3-palate
4-lip muscles
terminal branches of
EXTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY
1-SUPERFICIAL TEMPORAL ARTERY

2-MAXILLARY ARTERY
maxillary artery divided into 3 parts by
lateral pterygoid muscle
external carotid artery >
maxillary
maxillary artery
3 parts
1-mandibular
2-pterygoid
3-pterygopalatine
maxillary artery terminal branch
sphenopalatine
damage to sphenopalatine/maxillary artery =
epitaxis
external carotid artery >
lingual artery
artery that doesnt follow nerve
lingual artery
pterygomandibular space
1-inferior vein
2-inferior artery
3-inferior nerve
4-lingual nerve
greater palatine artery
palate
posterior to canine
deep to hyoglossus muscle
lingual artery
btw
medial pterygoid muscle
ramus of mandible
pterygomandibular space
external carotid >
maxillary artery >
descending palatine artery >
greater palatine artery
greater palatine canal >
greater palatine foramen
hard palate
anterior to canine
nasopalatine artery
blood to tongue
1-lingual artery
2-facial
3-ascending pharyngeal artery
lingual artery from
external carotid artery
soft palate
tonsils
lesser palatine artery
lingual artery >
FOM
carotid triangle contains
external carotid artery
motor innervation to tongue
CN XII
hypoglossal nerve
sensory of tongue
2/3 CN V3

1/3 CNIX-glossopharyngeal
epiglottis sensory
vagus nerve
via

internal laryngeal nerve
taste of tongue

anterior 2/3
chorda tympani
taste of tongue

posterior 1/3
CN IX =
glossopharyngeal
stomach artery
r/l gastric artery
r/l gastroepiploic artery
short gastric artery
splenic artery >
spleen
left gastric artery
lesser curvature of stomach
inferior of esophagus
common hepatic artery
1-right hepatic artery
2-left hepatic artery
left hepatic artery =
right gastric artery
gastroduodenal artery
gastroduodenal artery >
pancreas
duodenum
right hepatic artery =
cystic artery
cystic artery
gallbladder
internal thoracic artery terminal branches
1-superior epigastric artery
2-musculophrenic artery
supplies diaphragm
musculophrenic artery
branch of subclavian
internal thoracic artery
what is in umbilicus area
inferior epigastric artery
external iliac artery >
inferior epigastric artery
aortic arch >
1-coronary
2-brachiocephalic
3-common carotid
4-subclavian
thoracic aorta >
1-bronchial
2-esophageal
3-posterior intercostal
abdominal aorta >
1-celiac trunk
2-superior mesenteric
3-inferior mesenteric
celiac trunk >
1-left gastric
2-splenic
3-common hepatic
feature of aorta
elastic fibers of tunica media
T12-L4
abdominal aorta
abdominal aorta terminates
common iliac
small middle sacral artery
all arterial branches from this are small
posterior intercostal
subcostal arteries=
THORACIC AORTA
T4-T12
thoracic aorta
3 arterial branches
1-brachiocephalic
2-left common carotid
3-left subclavian
aortic arch
R/L coronary arteries
ascending aorta
furnish all blood to head/neck/upper limbs
arch of aorta
head / neck supplies
external carotid artery
maxillary artery supplies
1-mastication muscles
2-max/mand teeth
3-palate
4-nasal cavity
conchae
meatus
paranasal sinuses
sphenopalatine artery
anterior ethmoidal branch of

OPHTHALAMIC ARTERY
nasal cavity blood supply
internal carotid artery >
ophthalmic artery
external carotid artery >
maxillary artery

superficial temporal artery
terminal branch of maxillary artery
sphenopalatine artery
celiac trunk part of
abdominal aorta
hepatic artery part of
celiac trunk
superior mesenteric part of
abdominal aorta
left gastric artery part of
celiac trunk
inferior mesenteric arteries
abdominal aorta
splenic artery part of
celiac trunk
celiac trunk
1-hepatic artery
2-left gastric
3-splenic artery
left gastric artery >
stomach
esophagus
splenic artery
spleen
stomach
omentum
3 arteries that branch from arch of aorta
1-brachiocephalic
2-left common carotid artery
3-left subclavian artery
brachiocephalic divides
at neck >
right common carotid
right subclavian artery
2 brachiocephalic vein but
1 brachiocephalic artery
upper limbs supplied by
subclavian arteries
head/neck supplied by
R/L common carotid arteries
external carotid has how many branches
8
R/L common carotid arteries bifurcate
thyroid carilage
external carotid branches supply
head structures outside the

CRANIAL CAVITY
internal carotid has how many branches
no branches
internal carotid supplies
structures
INSIDE cranial cavity
internal carotid >
ophthalmic artery
internal carotid ends >
anterior cerebral arteries

middle cerebral arteries

=circle of willis