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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ascorbic acid
vit c
vit c needed for
hydroxylation of

1-proline
2-lysine
copper is a cofactor for what enzyme
lysyl oxidase
antioxidant
vit E
beri-beri
Vit B1 def
thiamine
vit B1
pellagra
Niacin def
inhibits breakdown of unsaturated FA
vit E
niacin made from
tryptophan
diarhea
dermatitis
mental disturbance
pellagra
dry skin
irritability
progressive paralysis
beri beri
cobalamin
vit B12
B12 def
pernicious anemia
glossitis
NEUROLOGIC DISORDERS
to treat pernicious anemia
B12
B6 =
pyridoxine
pyridoxal
pyridoxamin
only vitamin with essential mineral elements
B12
B6 dietary sources
meats
veg
whole grains
egg yolks
pyridine
B6
B12 fxn
1-methionine formation
2-methylmalonyl CoA > succinyl CoA
one carbon metabolism
folic acid
antihemorrhagic factor
vit k
vit k synthesized
by intestinal bacteria
megaloblastic anemia
diarrhea
glossitiS
folic acid def
vit k def
blood clotting retarded

excess bleeding
what is stored in liver
folic acid stored in liver
analog of vit k
warfarin
synthesized in bacterial flora in GI
folic acid
synthesis of
purines
thymine
folic acid
competitive inhibitor of prothrombin formation
warfarin
most common vit def
folic acid
pantothenic acid contains
coenzyme A
intermediate in FA synthesis
biotin
binds to and inactivates biotin
avidin
Fa synthase component
pantothenic acid = coenzyme A
required for dentin/enamel production
vit A
vit C
vit D
synthesized by intestinal bacteria
biotin
needed for
acetyl CoA > malonyl CoA
biotin
pyridoxine
B6
pantothenic acid
B5
vit A def affect
enamel more than dentin
active form of vit D
1, 25-dihydroxycholecalciferol
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol precursor
vit D3
rickets
vit d def in kids
vit D3
cholecalciferol
what conversion happens in liver
D3 > 25-hydroxycholecalciferol
in kidney conversions
25 > 1, 25-dihydroxycholecalciferol
cheilosis
dermatitis
glossitis
def of riboflavin
fluoride excreted by
kidneys
riboflavin =
FAD
FMN
fluorides deposited in
bones
stabilize cell membrane
taste acuity
collagen formation
cell mediated immunity
zinc
crosses placental barrier
fluoride
cobalt
B12
a/w 1-iron metabolism
2-nerve fxn
copper