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69 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
756 mm Hg
intrapleural pressure
point of lung rest
fxnal residual capacity
effectiveness of breathing
alveolar ventilation
tidal volume X breaths/min
minute ventilation
O2/CO2 exchange btw lungs/blood
within alveoliq
increase in H ion on arterial blood =

low pH
excite respiratory neurons
increase in PCO2 of
ARTERIAL BLOOD
excite respiratory neurons
Peripheral chemoreceptors sensitive to
H ion
PCO2
PO2
partial pressure of PCO2 increases >
H ion increases =
decrease pH
residual volume
air in lungs after max expiration
alveolar wall receptor
J receptors
when stimulate > rapid/shallow breathing
joint/muscle receptors
activated during exercise >
stimulate breathing
stimulus for respiratory conrol center
CO2 concentratio in blood =
PCO2
increase PCO2 >
stimulates central chemoreceptors > increase respiration
hypoventilation results >
increased level of CO2 in blood =

hypercapnea
cardiac notch
left lung
superior lobe
cardiac notch
left lung
superior lobe
3 secondary (lobar)
bronchi
right lung
lingula
left lung
3 secondary (lobar)
bronchi
right lung
2 secondary bronchi
left lung
lingula
left lung
10 bronchial segments=
tertiary bronchi
right lung
2 secondary bronchi
left lung
8 bronchial segments=
tertiary bronchi
left lung
10 bronchial segments=
tertiary bronchi
right lung
pleura
double sac
8 bronchial segments=
tertiary bronchi
left lung
visceral pleura
other is

parietal pleura
pleura
double sac
two lobes
left lung
visceral pleura
other is

parietal pleura
3 lobes
right lung
two lobes
left lung
lobar bronchi (secondary) >
segmental bronchi (tertiary)
3 lobes
right lung
lobar bronchi (secondary) >
segmental bronchi (tertiary)
terminal bronchiole >
respiratory bronchiole
terminal bronchiole >
respiratory bronchiole
last broncioles
respiratory bronchiole
last broncioles
respiratory bronchiole
devoid of cartilage
bronchiole
devoid of cartilage
bronchiole
devoid of gland
bronchiole
clara cells
small bronchiole
first generation of passageway of respiratory tree
respiratory bronchiole
terminal bronchiole
conducting bronchioles
root of lung
1-primary bronchus
2-pulmonary artery
3-pulmonary vein
hilum in
mediastinal surface
hilum
depression for
bronchi
vessel
nerve
left lung
smaller capacity than right lung
mediastinum contains
1-vagus/phrenic nerve
2-heart/tachea/esphagus/thymus/thoracic duct

3-thoracic aorta / pulmonary artery/vein / venae cavae / azygos vein
btw
lungs in thorax
mediastinum
heart >
middle mediastinum
nasal
pharynx
larynx
trachea
bronchi
bronchiole
alveoli
respiratory system
specialized
columnar
epi
respiratory cavity
pseudostratified ciliated columnar epi
conchae
eustachian canal
nasopharynx
above soft palate
nasopharynx
continues with nasal passage
nasopharynx
connect with nasopharynx
auditory tube
eustachian tube

(middle ear)
prevent food to enter
nasopharynx
tensor veli palatini-V3
levator veli palatini-10
food/air
passageway
oropharynx
palatine tonsils
lingual tonsil
oropharynx
pharyngeal recess
nasopharynx
pharyngeal tonsil
nasopharynx
space btw
-thyroid cartilage
-cricoid cartilage
cricothyroid space
tracheotomy
median cricothyroid ligament
cricoid cartilage to
thyroid cartilage
median cricothyroid ligament