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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
reduced coenzymes
NADH
FADH2
oxidative phosphorylation occurs
inner membrane of mitochondria
glycolysis
cytoplasm
kreb
mitochondrial matrix
flavoproteins
iron-sulfur proteins
coenzyme Q
cytochromes
electron carriers
doesnt contain mitochondrial ETC
RBC
in oxidative phosphorylation what produces ATP
proton gradient
aerobic generation of ATP
transfer of electrons from NADH/FADH2
enzymes involved in krebs are found
in mitochondria
what does kreb start with
okaloacetate
acetyl co-a
pyruvate that enters kreb is generated by
glycolysis of glucose
regulated enzymes of kreb=
1-citrate synthase
2-isocitrate dehydrogenase
3-alpha-ketoglutarate dyhydrogenase
cori cycle involves
1-liver
2-muscle
2 pyruvate > glucose

in liver needs
6 ATP
glucose > lactate > glucose
cori cycle
in muscle generate how many ATP

glucose > 2 pyruvate
2 ATP
pyruvate fates
1-lactate
2-acetyl coA
3-oxaloacetate
4-ethanol
pyruvate > lactate
RBC
testes
kidney
???
pyruvate > acetyl coA
1-acetyl then enters Kreb
2-FA sythesis
pyruvate > oxaloacetate
replenish Kreb

substrate for gluconeogenesis

*liver/kidney*
pyruvate > ethanol
in yeast
not in humans
glucose >
fructose 1,6-diP >
2 pyruvate
glycolysis

*anaerobic bacteria*
*facultative anaerobic*
is ATP used in pentose phosphate pathway
no ATP
pentose phosphate pathway produce
CO2
NADPH
5-Carbon sugars for (DNA/RNA)
pentose phosphate pathway
controlled by
1-inhibition of
glucose 6-P dehydrogenase

2-NADPH
major role of pentose phosphate pathway
NADPH production 4
reductive biosynthetic reactions (FA synthesis)

2-pentose production
3-nucleic acid biosynthesis
lacks pentose pathway
skeletal muscle
1-substrate level phosp
2-ET/oxidative phosph
3-photophosph
all make ATP
substrate level phos
1st phase

2nd phase
1st= glycolysis

2nd =kreb
substrate level phos make
high energy phosphate intermediates
photophosphorylation
a/w ETC
make ATP in photosynthesis
third and final phase of RESPIRATORY METABOLISM
electron transport/
oxidative phosphorylation
NADH/FADH2 produced in
glycolysis
kreb
terminal acceptor that is reduced in

ELECTRON-TRANSPORT/OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION
oxygen
substrate level phosph make
4ATP
major source of ATP in aerobic organisms
oxidative phosporylation
kreb makes
2ATP
oxidative phosphorylation makes
32-34 ATP
glycolysis makes
2 ATP
glycolysis =
glucose > pyruvate
pyruvate >
1-fermantation

2-acetyl coA > kreb > respiration
kreb > glucose
gluconeogenesis
cytosol of all cells
glycolysis
CHO metabolism
glycolysis