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92 Cards in this Set

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What Army program can offer an interest-free loan or grant to families in unexpected emergency financial situations?
Army Emergency Relief (AER)
Who is Eligable to use AER?
All active duty personnel and retired military families.
Where should an active duty soldier seeking AER assitance begin?
The unit commander should be the first step for the soldier
Which Army program can aid military families experiencing stress and possible domestic violence?
The Army Family Advocacy Program
Which Army program provides information, referral, advocacy, and support services for those military families with handicapped family members?
Exceptional Family Member Program
Where can a soldier go to obtain a Power of Attorney?
Legal Assistance Office
What Army program assits individuals being seperated from government service to integrate into civilian life?
The Army Career and Alumni Program (ACAP)
What does DEERS stand for and what is its purpose?
Defense Enrollment Eligibility Report System. It is a militray program designed to identify eligible military dependents and is used to secure identification cards for them.
What Army program is available to assist soldiers with a drug and alcohol dependency program?
Army Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention Control Program
Where would a soldier seeking assistance from ADAPCP go to obtain help?
Community Counseling Center
What are some of the services the Red Cross provides?
Disaster Assitance, emergency financial assitance, emergency communications between soldiers and their families, reporting service for emergency leave purposes, counseling for personal and family problems.
Where would an individual seeking training/certification in CPR go for assistance?
The American Red Cross
Name Six Army programs available to military dependents and retired personnel.
CHAMPUS, Army Community Service, REd Cross, Army Emergency Relief, ADAPCP, Moral Welfare and Recreation Activities (MWR)
Where could a soldier go to receive free tax preparation assistance?
Either the unit Tax Advisor or the ACS office
Where could a soldier go when seeking educational counseling?
The Post Education Center
Where could a soldier obtain information about volunteer opportunities on the installation?
Community Life Center
Where would a soldier go for marriage enrichment seminars?
Famliy Life Center, POC is Unit Chaplain
What are the four life-saving steps?
(1) Open the Airway and restore breatheing and heartbeat
(2) Stop the Bleeding
(3) Dress the wound
(4) Control for shock
Name the ten (10) steps in evaluating the casualty (in correct order).
(1) Check for responsiveness
(2) Check for breathing, if necessary
(3) Check for bleeding
(4) Check for shock
(5) Check for fractures and immobilize neck of back injuries, if found
(6) Check for burns
(7) Check for head injury
(8) Seek medical aid as soon as possible
(9) Perform all necessary steps in sequence
(10) Identify all wounds and or conditions
What is the FM for First Aid?
FM 4-25.11
What are two methods to open an airway?
Head-tilt chin-lift and jaw-thrust method
While giving mouth-to-mouth, the patient's stomach bulges, What does this indicate?
Air is entering the stomach, reposition head and continue
Druing mouth-to-mouth resuscitation what should you do if the casualty resumes breathing?
Watch the casualty closely, maintain an open airway, and check for other injuries.
What measure is used to restore heartbeat?
Cadiopulmonary resuscitation
When would you use abdominal thrusts?
Should always be used unless the casualty is in the advance stages of pregnancy, is very obese, or has a significant abdominal wound.
Name three types of bleeding.
Arterial, venous, capillary
How do you stop bleeding?
(1) Apply a field dressing
(2) Apply manual pressure
(3) Elevate the injured limb
(4) Apply a pressure dressing
(5) Apply a tourniquet.
When applying digital pressure, how do you know if you are in the right location?
You'll feel a pulse.
When are the only times a tourniquet should be applied?
When an arm of leg has been cut off or when bleeding cannot be stopped by a pressure dressing.
In an amputation, where do you place the tourniquet?
2 to 4" above the site, proximal to the heart.
How wide should a tourniquet be?
2" (and should remain at least 1" after tightening)
How should you mark a casualty after applying a tourniquet?
Mark with a "T" on the forehead and indicate the time.
Once a tourniquet has been applied, who may remove it?
Physician or certified medical personnel, i.e. PAs
What is the treatment for a sucking chest wound?
Seal wound airtight when patient EXHAULES with a plastic (dressing package) cover. Have casualty or assistan hold in place while you secure with tape, bandages, carats or other wraps. Tie tails when casualty EXHALES. Cover dressing completely and have patient lie on injured side. Evacuate as soon as possible.
A casualty, with an abdominal wound, has some internal organs exposed and on the ground. What do you do with them?
Gently pick up any organ(s) with the cleanest available material and place the organs on top of the casualty's abdomen.
Normally, on most first aid dressing, you tie the knot directly over the bandage and tightly. How do you do it for an exposed abdominal wound with organs exposed?
Tie the dressing ties (tails) loosely at the casualty's side, not directly over the dressing because pressure on exposed organs may cause further injury.
What are the signs and symptoms of shock?
Cool, clammy skin; pale; restless/nervous; thirsty; confusion; rapid breating; cyanosis; nausea
What steps are taken to prevent shock?
(1) Place casualty under cover
(2) Lay on back (head to side if unconscious) and elevate feet
(3) Loosen clothing (where binding)
(4) Prevent chilling/overheating
(5) Calm patient
(6) Do not give food or drink
When would you NOT place a casualty in the shock position?
When he/she has a head of neck injury (don't move him/her), an untreated fractured leg, abdominal wound or other contraindicated injury
What are some signs of a fracture?
Point tenderness; inability to move or sharp pain on movement; deformity; swelling; discoloration.
Define an open fracture.
A break in the continuity of the bone with a break in skin.
Define a closed fracture.
A break in the continuity of a bone without breaking skin.
Why is a fracture immobilized?
To prevent razor-sharp edges of bone from causing futher damage.
What are the "rules" for splinting?
(1) Stop bleeding, if bleeding
(2) Splint it where it lays
(3) Immobilize the joints above and below site
(4) Use padding between splint and extremity
(5) Check circulation after each tie
(6) Apply a sling (if possible)
Burn injuries cause extreme pain, scarring or even death. Before administering the proper first aid, you must recognize the type of burn to be treated. Name the four types of burns.
(1) Thermal
(2) Electrical
(3) Chemical
(4) Laser
What is the treatment for burns?
Cut/remove clothing from burned area (unless stuck). Place a dry sterile dressing over the burn area and secure it loosely with a bandage. If conscious, give small amounts of cool water. Treat for shock.
What is the treatment for white phosphorus burns?
Scrape with a brush and flush area with large amounts of water. If large amounts of water are not available, do not use water. Cover area with wet material, ensuring that air is kept out.
Name some of the signs and symptoms of a head injury.
Unequal pupils; fluid from the ear(s), nose, mouth or injury site; slurred speech; confusion; sleepiness; loss of memory or consciousness; staggering in walking; headhache; dizziness; vomiting; paralysis; convulsions or twitches.
There are three types of HEAT injuries. Name them and state which one constitues a medical emergency.
(1) Heat Cramps
(2) Heat Exhaustion
(3) Heat Stroke (medical emergency)
What causes heat cramps and heat exhaustion?
Excessive loss of salt and water from the body.
What are heat cramps?
Painful spasms of the muscles, usually of legs, arms, and abdomen.
What is the first aid for heat cramps?
Large amounts of cool water to drink, move to a shady area and loosen clothing.
What are the symptoms of heat exhaustion?
Headache, excessive sweating, weakness, dizzy, nausea, muscle cramps, The skin is cool, moist, and pale.
Describe the proper first aid for heat exhaustion.
(1) Move the casualty to a cool or shady area or improvise shade
(2) Loosen or remove the casualty's clothing and boots unless in a chemical enviroment.
(3) Have the casualy slowly drink at least one canteen of cool water
(4) Elevate the casualty's legs
(5) Monitor the casualty until the symptoms are gone or medical aid arrives
(6) If possible, the casualty should not participate in strenuous activity for the rest of the day.
What causes heat stroke?
Prolonged exposure to high temperature.
What are the symptoms of heat stroke?
Cessation of sweating, hot and dry skin. Headache, dizzy, rapid pulse, nausea, vomiting, confusion, unconsciousness, and then coma.
What is the first aid for heat stroke?
Immerse the person in the coldest water possible. If not possible, place in the shade, remove clothing, and pour water over body. If person becomes conscious, give lage amounts of cool water to drink.
What are the four types of wet and cold weather injuries?
(1) Frostbite - Actual freezing of a body part
(2) Trench foot - Occurs between 32 and 50 degrees
(3) Immersion foot - Occurs above 50 degrees
(4) Hypothermia - Lowering of the body temperature.
What is the key word in cold weather protection?
COLD: Keep it Clean, avoid Overheating, wear it Loose and in Layers, keep it Dry.
Identify the signs and symptoms of frostbite.
(1) Loss of sensation or numb feeling in any part of the body
(2) Sudden whitening of the skin in the affected area, followed by a momentary tingling feeling
(3) Redness of skin in light skinned soldiers; graysih coloring in dark skinned soldiers
(4) blisters
(5) Swelling of tender areas
(6) Loss of previous feeling of pain in the affected area
(7) Pale, yellowish, waxy looking skin
(8) Frozen area that feels solid or wooden to the touch.
What are the measures you take for deep frostbite?
(1) Get to MTF the fastest possible way.
(2) Protect the part from additional injury, but do not treat in any way.
What is the treatment for frostbite involving only the skin?
(1) Parts of the face - Cover with warm hands until pain returns.
(2) Hands - Put hands under armpits, or next to the abdomen of another soldier.
(3) Feet - In a sheltered area, place bare feet under clothing.
Shivering is an attempt by the body to generate heat. What is the proper name for the condition which occurs when the internal body temperature goes below 95 degrees?
Hypothermia
What are some signs and symptoms of hypothermia?
Shivering, sluggish, slurred speech, drowsy, slow breathing, weak pulse, eyes glossy
What is snow blindness?
Effect glare from ice/snow field has on the eyes. May cause deep burns in the eyes.
What are some symptoms of snow blindness?
Scratchy feeling in eyes; pain in and over eyes; pain aggravated by moving eyes; may have watering, headache or increased pain with exposure to light.
What is first aid for snow blindness?
Cover eyes with dark cloth and transport to MTF
Describe how to drain a blister.
Take a sterilized needle and make a hole at the edge of the blister. Use a clean cloth of gauze and gently apply pressure.
What is the treatment for snake bites?
Remain calm. Remove jewelry from affected area. Immobilize the site in a position below the level of the heart. Place a constricting band 2-4" above and below the wound, or above (close to the heart) if you are limited in space (ie, hand, foot). Do not apply to stop pulse. If possible, kill the snake and bring it with you to MTF. Seek medical help ASAP.
What is (definitely) NOT done when treating a snake bite?
DO NOT attempt to cut the bite or suck out the poison, because if the venom should seep through any damaged or lacerated tissues in your mouth, you could immediately lose consciousness or even die.
Name the seven (7) "one man carry" transports and explain when you should use them.
(1) Fireman's Carry - used with an unconscious or severely injured casualty
(2) Saddleback carry - conscious casuatly
(3) Pack-strap carry - carrying a casuatly moderate distance
(4) Pistol-belt carry - long distance
(5) Pistol-belt drag - useful in combat and short distances
(6) Neck drag - combat for broken arms or suspected neck injury for short distances
(7) Cradle drop drag - for a casualty who cannot walk when he or she must be moved up or down stairs
Name some two-man carries.
(1) 2-man supporting
(2) 2-man arms carry
(3) 2-man fore-and-aft carry
(4) Two-hand-pack-saddle-carry
(5) Four-hand seat carry
What are the seven (7) basic principles of exercise?
PROVRBS
(1) Progression
(2) Regularity
(3) Overload
(4) Variety
(5) Recovery
(6) Balance
(7) Specificity
What does the acronym "FITT" stand for?
(1) Frequency
(2) Intensity
(3) Time
(4) Type
What does "type" refer to?
Tye type of exercise to be performed
At least four (4) groups of soldiers may require special physical training programs. Name two (2).
(1) Those who fail the APFT and do not have a medical profile.
(2) Those who are overweight/over the body fat standard, IAW AR 600-9
(3) Those that have either permanent or temporary medical profiles
(4) Those who are over 40 and have not been medically screened or need guidance on their fitness program
What imporvements are produced through an aerobic training program?
It improves the cardiorespiratory systems's ability to deliver oxygen to working muscles. It also improves the muscles' ability to sue it and the systems's ability to carry off waste products.
Name three (3) alternate aerobic exercises.
(1) Swimming
(2) Bicycling
(3) Cross-country skiing
Define muscular strength.
The greatest amount of force a muscle or muscle group can exert in one movement.
When does an isometric contraction occur?
When a muscle exerts a force but does not shorten in lenngthen.
Theoretcially, what type of exercise places a maximum workload on the muscle throughout the entire range of motion?
Isokinetic
In strenght training, a set ends with the exerciser's inability to perform another repitition. What is this called?
Working to failure.
What is a set?
The number of repetitions done without a rest.
What are partner-resisted exercises?
A form of strength training in which a person performs an exercise against a partner's opposing resistance.
How is flexibility best developed?
Through stretching exercises
According to FM 21-20, what is satisfactory weight loss?
1/2 to 1 and 1/2 pounds per week.
Define body composition.
The relative amount of fat and lean body mass (muscle, bone, and mineral tissue) in the human body.
What AR covers the Army Physical Fitness Program?
AR 350-41
How often can a commander administer an APFT?
As often as they wish; however, they must specify beforehand when the results are for record purposes.
Name three publications commanders can use to help develop PT programs for soldiers.
FM 21-20, DA PAM 350-15, DA PAM 350-21, DA PAM 350-18 and DA PAM Series 600-63-1 thru 14
What does the 2-mile run test?
This event measures aerobic and leg muscle and cardiorespiratory fitness
When properly interpreted, what do results of the APFT reveal?
(1) Each soldier's physical fitness
(2) The entire units level of fitness
(3) Deficiencies in physical fitness evaluation
(4) Persons who require special attention