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278 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
actinic keratosis
precedes squamous cell carcinoma
Addison's disease
primary adrenocortical deficiency
Albright's syndrome
polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty, cafe-au-lait spots, short stature, young girls
albuminocytologic dissociation
Guillain Barre (inc protein in CSF with only modest inc in cells)
Alport's syndrome
Hereditary nephritis with nerve deafness
Anti-basement membrane
Goodpasture’s syndrome
Anticentromere antibodies
Scleroderma (CREST)
Anti-dsDNA antibodies (ANA)
SLE (typeIII hypersensitivity)
Anti-epithelial cell
Pemphigus vulgaris
Antigliadin antibodies
Celiac disease
Antihistone antibodies
Drug-induced SLE
Anti-IgG antibodies
Rheumatoid arthritis
Antimitochondrial antibodies
Primary biliary cirrhosis
Antineutrophil antibodies
vasculitis
antiplatelet antibodies
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
Arachnodactyly
Marfan's syndrome
Argyll Robertson pupil
Neurosyphilis
Arnold-Chiari malformation
cerebellar tonsillar herniation
aschoff bodies
rheumatic fever
atrophy of the mammillary bodies
Wernicke's encephalopathy
auer rods
AML
autosplenectomy
sickle cell anemia
babinski's sign
UMN lesion
Baker's cyst in politeal fossa
rheumatoid arthritis
bamboo spine on x-ray
ankylosing spondylitis
Bartter's syndrome
hypereninemia
basophilic stippling of RBC's
lead poisoning
becker's muscular dystrophy
defective dystrophin, less severe than duchenne's
Bell's palsy
LMN CN VII palsy
Bence Jones proteins
multiple myeloma, Waldenstrom's macroglobinemia (IgM)
Berger's disease
IgA Nephropathy
Bernard-Soulier disease
defect in platelet adhesion
bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
sarcoidosis
birbeck granules on EM
histiocytosis X (eosinophilic granuloma)
bloody tap on LP
subarachnoid hemorrhage
"blue bloater"
chronic bronchitis
blue-domed cysts
fibrocystic change of the breast
blue sclera
osteogenesis imperfecta
boot shaped heart on x-ray
tetralogy of fallot; RVH
Bouchard's nodes
osteoarthritis (PIP swelling secondary to osteophytes)
Boutonniere deformity
rheumatoid arthritis
branching rods in oral infection
Actinomyces israelii
"brown tumor" of bone
hemorrhage causes brown color of osteolytic cysts: hyperparathyroidism, osteitis fibrosa cystica (von Recklinghausen's disease)
brushfield's spots
Down Syndrome
Bruton's disease
X-linked agammaglobinemia
Budd-Chiari syndrome
posthepatic venous thrombosis
Buerger's disease
small/medium artery vasculitis
Burkitt's lymphoma
8:14 translocation; associated with EBV
Burton's lines
lead poisoning
C-ANCA
Wegener's granulomatosis
P-ANCA
polyarteritis nodosa
cafe-au-lait spots
neurofibromatosis
Caisson disease
gas emboli
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
Call-Exner bodies
granulosa-theca cell tumor of ovary
cardiomegaly with apical atrophy
Chagas' disease
Cerebriform nuclei
Mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma)
Chagas disease
Trypansome infection
Chancre
primary syphilis (not painful)
chancroid
haemophilus ducreyi (painful)
Charcot's triad
Multiple sclerosis (nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech), Cholangitis (jaundice, RUQ pain, fever)
Charcot Leyden crystals
bronchial asthma
Chediak-Higashi disease
phagocyte deficiency
cherry red spot on macula
Tay Sachs, Niemann-Pick disease, central retinal artery occlusion
Cheyne Stokes respirations
central apnea in CHF and inc intracranial pressure
chocolate cysts
endometriosis
chronic atrophic gastritis
predisposition to gastric carcinoma
chvostek's sign
hypocalcemia (facial muscle spasm upon tapping)
clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina
DES exposure in utero
clue cells
Gardnerella vaginitis
Codman's triangle on x-ray
Osteosarcoma
cold agglutinins
mycoplasma pneumoniae, infectious mononucleosis
cold intolerance
hypothyroidism
condylomata lata
secondary syphilis
continuous machinery murmur
patent ductus arteriosus
Cori's disease
debranching enzyme deficiency
cotton wool spots
Chronic hypertension
cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, fever
Measles
councilman bodies
Toxic or viral hepatitis
Cowdry type A bodies
Herpesvirus
Crescent's in Bowman's capsule
Rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis
Crigler-Najjar syndrome
Congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Curling's ulcer
Acute gastric ulcer associated with severe burns
Currant jelly sputum
Klebsiella
Curschman's spirals
bronchial asthma
Cushing's ulcer
Acute gastric ulcer associated with CNS injury
D dimers
DIC
depigmentation of the substantia nigra
Parkinsons dz
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Pellagra (niacin, B3 deficiency)
Diabetes insipidus, exopthalamos, lesions of the skull
Hand-Schuller-Christian disease
dog or cat bite
Pasteurella multocida
Donovan bodies
granuloma inguinale
Dressler's syndrome
Post MI fibrinous pericarditis
Dubin Johnson syndrome
congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (black liver)
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
deleted dystrophin gene (x-linked recessive)
eburnation
osteoarthritis (ivory like bone)
Edwards syndrome
trisomy 18 associated with rocker-bottom feet, low set ears, heart disease
Eisenmenger's complex
late cyanosis shunt (uncorrected L to R becomes R to L shunt)
elastic skin
ehlers-danlos syndrome
Erb-duchenne palsy
superior trunk brachial plexus injury (waiter's tip)
Erythema chronicum migrans
lyme disease
Fanconi's syndrome
proximal tubular reabsorption defect
fat, female, forty, fertile
acute cholecystitis
fatty liver
alcoholism
ferruginous bodies
asbestosis
Gardner's syndrome
colon polyps with osteomas and soft tissue tumors
Gaucher's disease
glucocerebrosidase deficiency
Ghon focus
primary TB
Gilbert's syndrome
benign congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Glanzmann's thrombasthenia
defect in platelet aggregation
Goodpasture's syndrome
autoantibodies against alveolar and glomerular basement membrane protein
gowers maneauver
Duchenne's
Guillain Barre syndrome
idiopathic polyneuritis
hair on end appearance on x-ray
Beta-thalassemia, sickle cell anemia
Hand-Schuller-Christian disease
chronic progressive histiocytosis
HbS
sickle cell anemia
hCG elevated
choriocarcinoma, hydatidiform mole
Heberden's nodules
osteoarthritis (DIP swelling from osteophytes)
Heinz bodies
G6PD deficiency
Henoch-Schonlein purpura
hypersensitivity vasculitis associated with hemorrhagic urticaria and URI's
heterophil antibodies
infectious mononucleosis (EBV)
HbF
thalassemia major
high output cardiac failure (dilated cardiomyopathy)
Wet beriberi (thiamine, vitamin B1 deficiency)
HLA b-27
Reiter's syndrome, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis
HLA-DR3 or DR4
diabetes mellitus type 1
homer-wright rosettes
neuroblastoma
honeycomb lung on x-ray
intersitial fibrosis
Horner's syndrome
ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
howell-jolly bodies
splenectomy
huntington's disease
caudate degeneration (autosomal dominant)
hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Kluver Bucy syndrome (amygdala)
hyperpigmentation of skin
primary adrenal insufficiency (addison's disease)
hypersegmented neutrophils
macrocytic anemia
hypertension and hypokalemia
Conn's syndrome
hypochromic microcytosis
iron deficiency anemia, lead poisoning
increased alpha fetoprotein in amniotic fluid/maternal serum
anencephaly, spina bifida (neural tube defects)
increased uric acid levels
Gout, Lesch nyhan syndrome, myeloproliferative disorders, loop and thiazide diuretics
intussusception
adenovirus (causes hyperplasia of peyer's patches)
janeway lesions
endocarditis
Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction
syphilis-overaggressive treatment of an asymptomatic patient that causes symptons to ra[id lysis
Job's syndrome
neutrophil chemotaxis abnormality
kaposi's sarcoma
AIDS in MSM
Kartagener's syndrome
dynein defect
kayser fleischer rings
Wilson's disease
keratin pearls
squamous cell carcinoma
kimmelstiel wilson nodules
diabetic nephropathy
Kluver bucy syndrome
bilateral amygdala lesions
Koilocytes
HPV
Koplik spots
Measles
Krukenberg tumor
gastric adenocarcinoma with ovarian metastasis
kussmaul hyperpnea
diabetic ketoacidosis
lens dislocation, aortic dissection, joint hyperflexibility
Marfan's syndrome
Lesch nyhan syndrome
HGPRT deficiency
Lewy bodies
Parkinson's disease
Libman sacks disease
endocarditis seen in SLE
lines of Zahn
arterial thrombosis
Lisch nodules
neurofibromatosis (von Reckinghausen's disease)
low serum ceruloplasmin
Wilson's disease
lucid interval
epidural hematoma
lumpy-bumpy appearance of glomeruli
post strep glomerulonephritis
lytic bone lesions on x-ray
multiple myeloma
mallory bodies
alcoholic liver disease
mallory-weiss syndrome
esophagogastric lacerations
McArdle's disease
muscle phosphorylase deficiency
McBurney's sign
appendicitis
MLF syndrome
multiple sclerosis
monoclonal antibody spike
multiple myeloma, MGUS, Waldenstrom's macroglobinemia
myxedema
hypothyroidism
necrotizing vasculitis, necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Wegener's and Goodpasture's
needle shaped negatively birefringent crystals
Gout
negri bodies
Rabies
nephritis, cataracts, hearing loss
Alport's syndrome
neurofibrillary tangles
alzheimer's disease
Niemann-Pick disease
sphingomyelinase deficiency
no lactation postpartum
Sheehan's syndrome (pituitary infarction)
nutmeg liver
CHF
occupational exposure to asbestos
malignant mesothelioma
orphan annie nuclei
papillary carcinoma of the thyroid
osler's nodes
endocarditis
owl's eye
CMV
painless jaundice
pancreatic cancer
palpable purpura on legs and buttocks
Henoch-Schonlein purpura
pancoast's tumor
bronchogenic apical tumor associated with horner's syndrome
Pannus
rheumatoid arthritis
Parkinson's disease
nigrostriatal dopamine depletion
periosteal elevation on x-ray
pyogenic osteomyelitis
Peutz-jeghers syndrome
benign polyposis
Peyronie's disease
penile fibrosis
philadelphia chromosome
CML (sometimes assoc. with AML)
pick bodies
Pick's disease
pick's disease
progressive dementia
pink puffer
emphysema (centroacinar-smoking, panacinar-alpha1 antitrypsin deficiency)
Plummer Vinson syndrome
esophageal webs with iron deficiency anemia
podagra
Gout (MP joint of hallux)
podocyte fusion
minimal change disease
polyneuropathy, cardiac pathology, edema
dry beriberi (thiamine, B1 deficiency)
polyneuropathy preceded bi GI or respiratory infection
Guillain-Barre
Pompe's disease
lysosomal glucosidase deficiency associated with cardiomegaly
port-wine stain
hemangioma
positive anterior drawer sign
ACL injury
Pott's disease
vertebral tuberculosis
pseudopalisading tumor cell arrangement
glioblastoma multiforme
pseudorosettes
Ewing's sarcoma
ptosis, anhidrosis, miosis
Horner's syndrome (pancoast tumor)
rash on palms and soles
secondary syphilis, Rocky mountain spotted fever
raynaud's syndrome
recurrent vasospasm in extremities
RBC casts in urine
acute glomerulonephritis
recurrent pulmonary pseudomonas and S. aureus infections
cystic fibrosis
red urine in morning
paroxsymal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
redd-sternberg cells
Hodgkin's lymphoma
Reid index
chronic bronchitis
Reinke crystals
Leydig cell tumor
Reiter's syndrome
urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis
renal cell carcinoma, cavernous hemangiomas, adenomas
von Hippel-Lindau disease
renal epithelial casts in urine
acute toxic/viral nephrosis
rhomboid crystals, positively birefringent
pseudogout
rib notching
coarctation of the aorta
Roth's spots in retina
endocarditis
Rotor's syndrome
congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Rouleaux formation
multiple myeloma
russell bodies
multiple myeloma
s3
L to R shunt, mitral regurgitation, LV failure
s4
aortic stenosis, hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
Schiller-duval bodies
yolk sac tumor
Senile plaques
alzheimer's disease
Sezary syndrome
cutaneous T-cell lymphoma
Sheehan's syndrome
postpartum pituitary necrosis
shwartzman reaction
neisseria meningitidis
signet ring cells
gastric carcinoma
simian crease
Down's syndrome
sipple's syndrome
MEN type IIa
Sjogren's syndrome
dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
skip lesions
crohn's
slapped cheeks
erythema infectiousum (fifth diseas)
smith antigen
SLE
smudge cell
CLL
soap bubble on x-ray
giant cell tumor of bone
spike and dome on EM
membranous glomerulonephropathy
spitz nevus
benign juvenile melanoma
splinter hemorrhage in fingernails
endocarditis
starry sky pattern
Burkitt's lymphoma
strawberry tongue
scarlet fever
streaky ovaries
turner's syndrome
string sign on x-ray
crohn's
subepithelial humps on EM
post strep glomerulonphritis
suboccipital lymphadenopathy
rubella
sulfur granules
actinomyces israelli
swollen gums, bruising, anemia, poor wound healing
scurvy
systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
aortic valve stenosis
t(8:14)
Burkitt's lymphoma
t(9:22)
philadelphia chromosome, CML
t(14:18)
follicular lymphomas
Tabes dorsalis
tertiary syphilis
tendon xanthomas
familial hypercholesterolemia
thumb sign on lateral x-ray
epiglottitis
thyroidization of the kidney
chronic bacterial pyelonephritis
tophi
Gout
tram-track appearance on LM
membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
Trousseau's sign
visceral CA, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, hypocalcemia
virchow's triad
hypercoagulability, endothelial damage, blood stasis = pulomnary embolism
virchow's node
left supraclavicular node enlargment from Mets carcinoma of the stomach
von Recklinghausen's disease
neurofibromatosis with cafe-au-lait spots
von Recklinghausen's disease of bone
osteitis fibrosa cystica (brown tumor)
Wallenberg's syndrome
PICA thrombosis
Waterhouse-friderichsen syndrome
adrenal hemorrhage associated with meningococcemia
waxy casts
chronic end stage renal disease
WBC casts in urine
acute pyelonephritis
WBC's in urine
acute cystitis
Wermer's syndrome
Men type I
whipple's disease
malabsorption caused by tropheryma whippelii
Wilson's disease
hepatolenticular degeneration
wire loop appearance on LM
lupus nephropathy
worst headache of my life
berry aneurysm- assoc with polycystic kidney dz adult
xanthochromia
sub arachnoid hemorrhage
xerostomia, arthritis, keratoconjunctivitis sicca
sjogren's syndrome
Zenker's diverticulum
upper GI diverticulum
Zollinger Ellison syndrome
gastrin secreting tumor associated with ulcers
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