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63 Cards in this Set

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Explain what a leader must Be, Know, and Do.
a. A leader must Be: Committed to the professional army ethics. Possess
professional character traits.
b. A leader must Know: The four (4) factors of leadership and how they affect each
other: Yourself, Human nature, Your job, and Your unit.
a. A leader must Do: Provide direction, Implement, Motivate.
What are values?
Values are ideas about the worth or importance of things, concepts or people.
Describe selfless service.
Putting the needs and goals of the nation, the Army, your unit and your soldiers
ahead of your personal needs and interest
What are the four (4) soldierly values and what do they mean?
a. Candor - being frank, open, honest, and sincere with your soldiers.
b. Commitment - the dedication to carry out all unit missions and to serve the values
of the unit, Army, and the country.
c. Competence - proficiency in required professional knowledge.
d. Courage - both physical and moral.
List the four (4) steps used by leaders to implement plans and goals.
a. Communication
b. Coordination
c. Supervision
d. Evaluation.
List four (4) methods of reducing obstacles to communication.
a. Sense what seniors, subordinates, and peers need to know to do their job.
b. Understand how stress affects communications.
c. Teach and demand accurate reporting.
d. Aim at your target before you shoot your message.
e. Use several channels of communication and repeat important communications.
List the four (4) indicators of unit effectiveness and give a short definition of each
a. Morale: A person’s state of mind.
b. Esprit de Corps: Pride in unit, enthusiasm for the unit, and loyalty to the unit.
c. Discipline: Prompt obedience to orders and initiation of action in the absence of
orders.
d. Proficiency: Unit’s ability to accomplish the mission
What is meant by command?
Command is the authority a person in the military service lawfully exercises over
subordinates by virtue of his rank and assignment or position.
What is the FM 22-100 definition of counseling?
It is the process of listening, communicating advice, instruction, or judgment with the
intent of influencing a person’s attitude or behavior.
What key techniques are useful for an effective counseling session ?
a. Active Listening
b. Responding
c. Questioning
What makes a leader an effective coach?
The ability to understand the strength, weaknesses, and professional goals of his/her
subordinates.
What are the two main types of counseling?
a. Personal counseling (problem centered)
b. Performance counseling (proficiency centered).
What are the three approaches used in military counseling?
a. Directive
b. Non-directive
c. Eclectic (combined)
What DA Form is used for all types of counseling?
DA Form 4856-E
What approach to counseling is being used when the counselor assumes the dominant
role?
Directive.
What approach to counseling may be most effective when the Counselee is immature,
dependent, or insecure?
Non-directive.
Why is the non-directive approach to counseling termed soldier-centered?
Because the counselor causes the counselee to take complete responsibility for
solving his own problems.
What type of counseling is not forceful?
Non-directive
What is the advantage to the non-directive approach to counseling?
It allows the most growth on the part of the counselee
When planning for the accomplishment of individual and professional goals; what
counseling is used ?
Professional Growth
What are some of the counseling techniques used for nondirective or combined
approaches?
Suggesting alternatives, recommending, persuading advising
Name the four (4) stages of the counseling process?
a. Identify the need for counseling
b. Prepare for counseling
c. Conduct counseling
d. Follow-Up
What are the four (4) basic components of a counseling session?
a. Opening the session
b. Discussing the issues
c. Developing the plan of action
d. Recording and closing the session
What elements of active listening should you consider during a counseling?
a. Eye contact
b. Body Posture
c. Head Nods
d. Facial Expressions
e. Verbal Expressions
What are the two major categories of counseling?
a. Event-oriented and Performance/Professional Growth
b. Event-oriented and Promotion, Separation and Crisis etc.
What are the five (5) steps in preparing to counsel?
a. Advance notification.
b. Selection of site
c. Schedule of time.
d. General outline.
e. Create a desired atmosphere
Under the evaluation reporting systems, Performance Counseling is required for
whom?
Officer, NCO, and DA Civilian
What does Performance counseling establish?
It establishes standards and is an opportunity for leaders to clarify the expected
values, attributes, skills, and actions.
What are some of the potential pitfalls that may interfere with the counseling
relationships between the leader and the soldier?
Likes, dislikes, biases, and prejudices
What is performance counseling?
The process of communicating to a subordinate the leader’s assessment of the strong
and weak aspects of the subordinate’s performance of duty, and ways that
performance may be improved.
What are the three general areas of performance counseling?
a. Development of individual performance
b. Evaluating subordinates
c. Motivating subordinates
Are on-the-spot corrections a form of performance counseling?
Yes
After you have counseled a soldier on a specific problem, what must you do as a leader to insure that the problem has been resolved?
Follow-up
What is the purpose of performance counseling?
To improve the performance of a subordinate or to maintain an already existing
desirable level of performance.
A general court-martial must consist of a military judge and how many members?
At least five members, unless the accused requests in writing a trial by judge alone.
Normally, how long do you have to submit an appeal of a court-martial decision?
General - 30 days
Special - 20 days
Summary - 7 days
Who may impost non-judicial punishment?
Commanding Officer
At what time of the day are extra duties required to be performed by offenders?
They may be performed at any time.
Define remission.
The cancellation of any portion of the unexecuted punishment imposed under Article 15.
Define mitigation.
A reduction in either the quantity or the quality of a punishment but its general nature remains the same.
What is the maximum forfeiture of pay a person is subject to as a result of one or more actions under Article 14?
One-half of a months pay for two months
Can a commanding officer impose non-judicial punishment on a member of his/her command who has departed?
No.
What is the purpose of non-judicial punishment?
a. To correct, educate, and reform offenders.
b. Preserve an offender's record of service from stigma of court martial.
c. Further military efficiency by disposing of minor infractions in a manner requiring less time and personnel than trial by court-martial.
What grades can a commanding officer reduce under Article 15?
Only grades that he/she is authorized to promote.
A field grade commander can restrict for how long?
60 days.
What five types of punishments can a company commander impose on a SPC or below under Article 15?
Extra duty, restriction, reduction in grade, forfeiture of pay and allowances, admonition and/or reprimand.
What is the purpose of a military judge?
To ensure the accuser's rights are protected and insure correct legal procedures are used.
What is the Uniform Code of Military Justice?
It is a Federal Law and is the basis of our military system of criminal justice courts and sets forth-basic procedures.
Does the Commander have to notify you of your rights to demand trial by court-martial?
Yes
If an Article 15 is appealed, what three actions may the appealing authority take?
Leave it the same, reduce the punishment, or set the whole thing aside.
Does failure to notify a soldier of his rights under Article 31 mean an automatic acquittal of the charges?
No
What is the difference between a Formal Article 15 and a Summarized Article 15 other than the punishment?
The Formal Article 15 is a permanent record and teh Summarized is not.
What is the maximum punishment authorized for a Summarized Article 15?
14 days extra duty, 14 days restriction, An oral admonition or reprimand
What are the maximum punishments that a field grade commander amy impose under Formal Article 15 action to enlisted personnel?
Reduction of a SGT or SSG one grade if commander has promotion authority to those grades, reduction of CPL/SPC and below to PV1, 60 days restriction, 45 days extra duty or correction custody for 30 days, forfeiture of 1/2 months pay per month for 2 months.
What is the maximum number of hours of extra duty per day that can be given under Article 15?
They can be performed at any time for any length of time as long as it does not impair the soldier's health and is not demeaning
Within how many days must an appeal of an Article 15 be made?
5 days from imposition of punishment
What are the 3 ways that a commander may lawfully seize the property of a person in his unit?
Lawful searches and seizures or inpections and inventories
What must a commander consider before authorizing a search?
The there is PC than an offense has been committed and that the items connected with the offense will be found in the location he intends to search.
After charges are read under Article 15, how long does the soldier have to decide whether to accept an Article 15 or demand trial by court-martial?
Usually 48 hours, the commander may grant more time
What does the UCMJ establish?
The UCMJ declares what conduct is a crime, establishes the various types of courts and sets forth the basic procedures to be followed in the administration of military justice.
What is the role of the Staff Judge Advocate?
He is charged with making sure that the criminal justice in the command is administered properly and fairly.
How is an Article 15 appealed?
Through the imposing commander to the next higher commander
What is the lowest form of legal punishment?
Summarized Article 15