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40 Cards in this Set

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The color of oxyginated blood
Red
Blood is more _____ than water
viscous= higher viscosity
Blood is slightly alkaline and has a ph factor of __to__
7.35 to 7.45
The sodium concentration in blood is____% of total body's sodium.
Name 3 import factors of blood sodium
55%
-proper nerve conduction
-Passage of various nutrients into cells
-maintenance of blood pressure
What is the average volume of blood in the body? Liters? percentage?
4-6 liters
8% of the total body weight
What is the amount of sodium in blood grams per deciliter
.9g/dcliter
liquid portion of blood 91.5%; Acts as solvent and suspending medium for components of blood; absorbs, transports and releases heat.
Water
Makes up 7% of blood; Exerts osmotic pressure, which helps maintain water balance between blood and tissues and regulates blood volume.
Proteins
Smallest and most numerous plasma proteins; produced by liver. Function as transport proteins for several steroid hormones and for fatty acids
Abumins
Protein group to which antibodies (immunoglobulins) belong. Produced by liver and by plasma cells, which develop from B lymphocytes.
Globulin
Plasma protein produced by liver. Plays essential role in blood clotting.
Fibrinogen
(other solutes); Inorganic salts. Help maintain osmotic pressure and play essential role in the various functions of cells
Electrolytes
Products of digestion pass into blood for distribution to all body cells. Include amino acids (from proteins), glucose, fatty acids and glycerol, vitamins and minerals
Nutrients
Oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen
gases found in blood plasma
Enzymes, produced by body cells. Hormones, produced by endocrine glands
Regulatory substances in blood plasma
The process by which the formed elements of blood develop is called
hemopoiesis
Derived from the mesenchyme, these cells replenish themselves, proliferate, and differentiate into cells that give rise to all the formed elements of blood
Pluripotent stem cells
Originating from pluripotent stem cells are two other types of stem cells called
myeloid stem cells
lyphoid stem cells
Of the stem cells that originate from pluripotent stem cells; these cells begin their development in red bone marrow and give rise to red blood cells, platelets, moncytes, neutrophils eosinophils, and basophils
myeloid stem cells
These stem cells begin their development in red bone marrow but complete it in lymphatic tissues; they give rise to lymphocytes
Lymphoid stem cells
During hemopoiesis the myeloid stem cells differentiate into
progenitor cells
cells that no longer are capable of replenishing themselves and are committed to giving rise to more specific elements of blood
Progenitor cells
The formed elements of blood are
red blood cells
white blood cells
platelets
Other myeloid stem cells develop directly into cells called
precursor cells or blasts
Precursor cells or blasts, over several cell divisions, develop into the actual formed elements of blood. For example: monoblast develop into _________
eosinophilic myeloblasts develop into __________
myeloblast develop into _________
monocytes
eosinophils
neutrophils
Precurser cell; PROERYTHROBLAST ejects its nucleus becoming a RETICULOCYTE which in turn develops into a _________
Red blood cell
Megakaryoblast becomes a megakaryocyte which in turn releases _______
platelets
Eosinophilic myeloblast becomes a _______
Eosinophil
Basophilic myeloblast becomes a _______
Basophil
Myeloblasts become a ________
Neutrophil
Monoblast become monocytes which develop into _________
Macrophages
T and B lymphoblasts become
T and B lymphocytes
B lymphocytes become ________
plasma cells
Mature cells consist of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Which formed elements of the blood are cell fragments?
Platelets; they are not cells they are fragments from megakaryocytes
Another word for Red blood cells is _______; the contain the oxygen-carrying protein hemoglobin, which is a pigment that gives whole blood its red color.
Erythrocytes
What gives blood its red color?
hemoglobin
_________is produced by the liver and stimulates formation of platelets (thrombocytes)
thrombopoietin
whats another name for platelets?
Thrombocytes
Leukocytes are classified as either granular or agranular. All your "phils" are granular and all your "cytes" are agranular. Can you name these leukocytes?
eosinophil,basophil, neutrophil =Granular

monocyte, T lymphocyte, and B lymphocyte = Agranular
Blood is a connective tissue composed of ________(liquid portion), and _______ _______(cells and cell fragments)
plasma
formed elements