Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/43

Click to flip

43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Short bone
cube shaped bone
(carpal & small tarsal bones)
flat bone
2 plates of compact bones, seperated by cancellous bone.
Irregular bone
a complex and irregularly-shaped bone.
(vertebrae & certain facial bones)
Sesamoid
small bone embedded in a tendon: resembling a sesame seed.
Long bone
a bone longer than wide, consisting of a diaphysis (body) & 2 epiphyses (extremities) with their articular cartilage.
Diaphysis
the long shaft of a long bone
Epiphysis
the 2 enlarged ends of a long bone
Metaphysis
the joining point of the diaphysis and the epiphysis in a growing bone.
Periosteum
the fibrous covering aroun the bone that is not covered by articular cartilage.
Articular surface
the smooth layer of hyaline cartilage covering the epiphysis where one bone forms a joint with another bone.
Medullary cavity
the space in the diaphysis containing the marrow
Endosteum
the fibrous and cellular tissue lining the medullary cavity of a bone.
Apophysis
any outgrowth of a bone - a process
Cortex
compact bone surrounding the medullary cavity.
Epiphyseal cartilage/ growth plate
the plate of cartilage btwn the diaphysis and epiphyses of immature long bones. this is where the lengthening of long bones takes place.
Endochondral ossification
the formulation of long bones in the fetus by transforming a cartilaginous model into bone.
Compact bone
gross term for the part of bone that looks solid
Cancellous bone
gross term for bone with visible spaces in it.
condyle
a large anticular prminence
crest
a prominent border or ridge
Epicondyle
a prominence just proximal to a condyle
Foramen
an opening through a bone
Fossa
a small hollow
Head
a rounded articular process
Meatus
a tube line canal through a bone.
Process
any prominent roughened projection from a bone
Spine
a sharp slender process
Trochanter
a large, blunt process found only on the femur
Trochlea
a pully shaped structure
Tuberosity/ tuber
a large, usually roughened process
Hyoid apparatus
the bones holding the larynx in place and serving as a major attachment for the tongue.
Atlas
the 1st cervical vertebra, named for it's support of the head.
Axis
the long 2nd cervical vertebrae.
False ribs
all ribs that are not true ribs.
Floating ribs
last false ribs found in the dog & man. They end in costal cartilage that does not join to the sternum or other costal cartilage.
True ribs
articulate directly by their costal cartilage with the sternum.
Costal cartilage
the bars of hyaline cartilage either connecting the bony rib to the sternum or to the costal arch or ending freely.
Tubercle
large and small prominences on the humerus, known as the greater and lesser tubercles.
Osteoblasts
cells that tear down bone so it can be rebuilt.
Axial skeleton
composed of the bones that lie around the body's center of gravity. this includes skull, vertebrae, hyoid apparatus, ribs, sternum.
Appendicular skeleton
composed of the bones of the limbs.
intramembranous ossification
the oseoblasts originate from embryonal mesenchymal cells.
Arthrology
the study of joints.