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64 Cards in this Set

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bahasa dalam
palace language
a social register used to show respect toward the sultan or the queen, royal family members, the nobility and others in Brunei who have been bestowed specific titles.
menjunjung
verb: to submit to the authority of a social superior
literal: to carry on the head
menjunjung kasih
Bahasa dalam: thank you
hamba kebawah duli Tuan Patik
Bahasa dalam: the slave below the dust of my lord
menjunjung titah
Bahasa dalam: to execute a royal command
menjunjung ampun
Bahasa dalam: to request forgiveness or to refuse something
menjunjung anugeraha
Bahasa dalam: to beg leave or seek permission
menjunjung limpah kurnia
Bahasa dalam: to ask for consideration for something
junjung
Bahasa dalam: 1) please, shall we or 2) do not
a particle of urging
berisi
Bahasa dalam: pregnant in reference to the royal family
diangkat
Bahasa dalam: to bestow a ceteria title upon a designated person
diarak
Bahasa dalam: for the sultan to have conferred a vizier title upon a qualified person
disampiri
Bahasa dalam: to bestow a menteri title upon a non-noble
kebasahan
Bahasa dalam: to be wounded by bullets or sharp weapons
ketempiasan
Bahasa dalam: 1)to receive something which not connected to the person or 2) to involve someone who is not related
lindung
Bahasa dalam: died or dead with reference to the Sultan or the queen
kenyang
Bahasa dalam: to be humiliated by a higher ranking person
keluaran
Bahasa dalam: oddity, something that goes beyond the bounds of normal behavior, especially during a ceremony
lancar
Bahasa dalam: 1)a person who cannot keep a secret or 2)a person who likes to speak without thinking about the effect of what has been said
minta carikan tongkat
Bahasa dalam phrase: to ask someone for help (phrase used by or for the sultan)
ke siring
Bahasa dalam phrase: [used by a person of lower status about him/herself toward a person of higher status] 1)to urinate or 2)to have a bowel movement
ke sungai
Bahasa dalam phrase: [used by a person of higher status about his/herself to a person of lower status]1)to urinate or 2)to have a bowel movement
cerpu
Bahasa dalam: Tamil: shoes, footwear
perisai
Bahasa dalam: Tamil: royal item
singgahsana
Bahasa dalam: Sanskrit: royal throne
dirgahayu
Bahasa dalam: Sanskrit: long live
pataratna
Bahasa dalam: Sanskrit: royal throne
indera perkasa
Bahasa dalam: Sanskrit: title
baginda
Bahasa dalam: Sanskrit: pronoun
seri maharaja
Bahasa dalam: Sanskrit: title
daulat
Bahasa dalam: Arabic: sovereignty
wazir
Bahasa dalam: Arabic: vizier
Muslim monarch
sahibul mal
Bahasa dalam: Arabic: title
sahibul himmah wal waqar
Bahasa dalam: Arabic: title
pengiran
Bahasa dalam: Javanese: noble title
kamul
Bahasa dalam: Javanese: a night sarong
kasur
Bahasa dalam: Javanese: royal item
mengurniakan
Bahasa dalam: said by sultan/queen to commoner: to give, to present
mempersembahkan
Bahasa dalam: said by commoner to sultan/queen: to give, to present
Daulat! Kebawah Duli Tuan Patik.
Bahasa dalam: Declaration commonly used during sultan's coronation or on his birthday: Sovereignty! below the dust of my lord.
Dirgahayu! Kebawah Duli Tuan Patik.
Bahasa dalam: Declaration commonly used during sultan's coronation or on his birthday: Long live! below the dust of my lord.
Ampun beribu ampun
Bahasa dalam: Turn-taking particle: Mercy, a thousand mercies
A person of lower status MUST use Bahasa dalam turn-taking particles upon a courtesy visit to the sultan or queen, or his royals. It is OBLIGATORY.
Ampun beribu ampun sembah hamba Kebawah Duli Tuan Patik junjung diampun.
Bahasa dalam: Turn-taking particle: Mercy, a thousand mercies, the obeisance of the slave below the dust of my lord I humbly beg to be fogiven.
A person of lower status MUST use Bahasa dalam turn-taking particles upon a courtesy visit to the sultan or queen, or his royals. It is OBLIGATORY.
Beribu ampun
Bahasa dalam: Turn-taking particle: a thousand mercies
Munkan ampun
Bahasa dalam: Turn-taking particle: [a communication initiator for viziers or ceterias]
Hamba menjunjung kasih Kebawah Duli Tuan Patik.
Bahasa dalam: appreciation: Thank you below the dust of my lord.
Baginda bertitah bahawa semangat cintakan kebersihan dapat dilaksanakan dengan mengusahakan kerja memucang-mucang.
Bahasa dalam: ANNOUNCEMENTS: His Majesty said that love of a spirit of cleanliness can be carried out through cooperation.
Baginda menitahkan kepada rakyat supaya sentiasa bersatu padu dan bekerjasama.
Bahasa dalam: COMMANDS: His Majesty commanded that the people should always be unified and cooperative.
Commands are uni-directional only, from upper to lower because subordinates cannot command a ruler.
Ampun beribu ampun, sembah hamba Kebawah Duli Tuan Patik junjung diampun, hamba Kebawah Duli Tuan Patik menjunjung anugeraha untuk pulang.
Bahasa dalam: APPLICATIONS: Mercy, a thousand mercies, obeisance from the slave below the dust of my lord, I humbly beg to be forgiven, the slave below the dust of my lord requests permission to return home.
The term junjung is used in all kinds of applications, requests, or demands. It should be preceded by conversational turn-taking particles.
Titah
Bahasa dalam: royal speech
Titah itu patik junjung.
Bahasa dalam: ACCEPTANCE: The command was accepted.
Patik
Bahasa dalam: 1st person used only by royalty to refer to self as "I."
santap
Bahasa dalam: verb: to eat, to drink and to smoke
murka
Bahasa dalam: angry
Yang di-pertuan
Bahasa dalam: His majesty
always used to refer to the Sultan in either Malay or English
Pengiran anak
Bahasa dalam: prince or princess
ceteria
Bahasa dalam: title of a noble or royal title below the rank of vizier.
vizier
Bahasa dalam: title
Can be selected from among common nobles based on contribution and devotion to the gov't and to the nation
menteri
Bahasa dalam: title
given to a high-ranking non-noble. each type of menteir title is indicated by a number.
mangkat
Bahasa dalam: died or dead, refers only for nobles (lindung used for sultan or queen)
Hamba Kebawah Duli Tuan Patik manjunjung kasih di atas kurnia itu.
Bahasa dalam: The slave below the dust of my lord offers gratitude regarding the gift.
Kaola pergi ke Washington ani adalah menjunjung titah Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan dan Yang Di-Pertuan.
Bahasa dalam: I went to Washington to execute a royal command of His Majesty the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan.
Hamba Duli Tuanku menjunjung ampun di atas keluaran irmas hamba Duli Tuanku.
Bahasa dalam: The slave below the dust of my lord requests forgiveness because of the strange attitude of the slave below the dust of my lord's child.
Pehin Dato Harimau Padang menjunjung anugeraha untuk pulang.
Bahasa dalam: Pehin Dato Harimau Padang makes a request to leave.