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57 Cards in this Set

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-cytosis or -themia
Increased production
-penia
Decrease production
-poiesis
Formation of
Hemolysis
Destruction of
Neutrophil's function?
Fight bacterial infections
Monocyte's function?
Fight fungal infections
Basophil's function?
For allergic reactions (contact dermatitis)
Eosinophil's function?
For allergic reations (asthma)
Blast cells are what?
Premature WBC
Platelet funtion?
Coagulation
What is the fluid portion of blood?
Plasma
Hemoglobin is made up of what?
Iron and oxygen
Where are RBCs produced?
The long bones
How long do RBCs live?
About 120 days
Erythroblast
Formed in the bone marrow & contains some hemoglobin
If the sedementation rate is increased, what does that indicate
Inflammation
Erythropoiesis requires what?
Fe, Vit B12, Folic Acid, Vit B6, & intrinsic factor.
What is the function of the Shilling's test?
Measures B12 absorption to determine if intrinsic factor is being produced
What is the #1 Nursing priority during or after bone marrow aspiration?
Bleeding/hemorrhage
TIBC
Total iron binding capacity
Ferritin
Will indicate an iron defeciency anemia
Serum iron
measures the iron in blood
Low levels of iron, but high levels of TIBC indicate what?
Iron defeciency anemia
Hemoglbin electrophoresis
Detects anemia due to abnormal RBC shapes (sickle cell)
Hematologic system includes:
Blood, blood production sites (including bone marrow), and the reticuloendothelial system (RES)
RBC lab values
4.2-6.1
Hgb lab values
11.5-17.5
Hct lab values
36-53
Mean Corpuscular volume (MCV)
Indicates the size of RBCs
Mean Corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC)
Indicates the average concentration of Hgb in RBCs
Normal MCV, MCH, MCHC
Normocytic Normochromic anemia
Causes of normocytic normochromic anemia?
Acute blood loss or Sickle cell disease
Decreased MCV, MCH, MCHC
Microcytic Hypochromic anemia
Causes of Microcytic Hypochromic anemia?
IDA, chronic diseases, or chronic blood loss.
Normal MCH and MCHC, but elevated MCV
Macrocytic Normochromic anemia
Causes of Macrocytic Normochromic anemia?
B12 or Folic Acid deficiency.
Hemoglbin electrophoresis
Detects anemia due to abnormal RBC shapes (sickle cell)
Hematologic system includes:
Blood, blood production sites (including bone marrow), and the reticuloendothelial system (RES)
RBC lab values
4.2-6.1
Hgb lab values
11.5-17.5
Hct lab values
36-53
Mean Corpuscular volume (MCV)
Indicates the size of RBCs
Mean Corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC)
Indicates the average concentration of Hgb in RBCs
Normal MCV, MCH, MCHC
Normocytic Normochromic anemia
Causes of normocytic normochromic anemia?
Acute blood loss or Sickle cell disease
Decreased MCV, MCH, MCHC
Microcytic Hypochromic anemia
Causes of Microcytic Hypochromic anemia?
IDA, chronic diseases, or chronic blood loss.
Normal MCH and MCHC, but elevated MCV
Macrocytic Normochromic anemia
Causes of Macrocytic Normochromic anemia?
B12 or Folic Acid deficiency.
What is the function of phagocytosis?
Defense against foreign invaders.
Where is the site of activity for most macrophages?
Spleen
What is anemia?
Where hemoglobin concentration is lower than normal and has fewer RBCs in cirsulation.
Anemia causes a need to restore tissue perfusion and what?
Oxygenation
What are the three classes of anemia?
hypoproliferation (defective RBC production), bleeding, and hemolytic (RBC destruction).
Manifestations of anemia?
Fatigue, dyspnea, SOB, pallor, and sore tongue.
Risk factors for anemia?
Acute/chronic blood loss, immune disorders, dietary insufficiency, and bone marrow suppression.
What is the most common type of anemia in all ages?
Iron defeciency anemia