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60 Cards in this Set

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Describe the characteristics of blood.
Viscous liquid
8% of total body weight
Temp 100.4 F or 38C
pH 7.35 to 7.45 (alkaline)
Males contain 5-6 Liters
Females 4-5 Liters
Describe the colors of blood
Oxygenated Blood is bright red
Non Oxygenated blood is dark red
Describe the functions of blood
Transportation system
Thermoregulation
Fluid Blance
Protection
pH Balance
General Composition of blood
Water = 91.5%
Proteins = 7%
Nutrients/electrolytes/metabolic waste/regulatory substances = 1.5%
Two main components of blood
Blood Cells (Cellular Components)
Blood Plasma
Red Blood Cells are also known as
RBC's, erythrocytes, corpuscles
Platelets are also know as
Thrombocytes and PLT's
White Blood Cells are also known as
WBC's and Leukocytes
Buffy coat between RBC's and Plasma in HCT tubes is composed of...
WBC's and platelets
Plasma consist of...
water
Proteins
(albumin, fibrinogen and globulin)
Electrolytes
Albumin is responsible for...
Mintaining osmotic pressure between the blood and tissue
Globulin is responsible for
transporting lipid soluble molecules
Fibrinogen is responsible for....
Blood Clotting
Hemostasis
process by which the body retains bloodwithing the vascular system during injury.
Step one of Hemostasis
Vascular spasm
platelet plug formation
Step 2 of Hemostasis
Blood clotting via fibrous meshwork

Inhibitors block systemic coagulation
Phagocytosis
Cell eating which cn occur in tissue or blood
Describe the acronym RIDE
R- Recognition and attachment phase
I - Ingestion phase
D- Digestion phase
E- Exocytosis
Blood cell formation occurs where?
Occurs in the red bone marrow
Sites of Blood Cell formation
Vertebra
Sternum
Skull
Pelvis
Ribs
Scapula
Clavicles
Epiphysis humerus & femur
RBC's Destruction Occurs
Age
Ruptures
Excreted
Abnormal Stresses
Factors that regulate RBC Formation
Vitmin b12
Iron
Folic Acid
Hemoglobin
Formed in red bone marrow. Purpose is to transport oxygen.
Oxyhemoglobin
O2 w/ HgB, bright red arterial blood.
Deoxyhemoglobin
CO2 with HgB, bluish venous blood
Carboxyhemoglobin
CO w/ HgB, no O2 transport.
Three Granular WBC's?
Neutrophil
Basophil
Eosinophil
Neutrophils
10-12 microns
51-67% of normal WBC
Band or U Shaped
Basophils
8-10 Microns
Greater affinity with basic dys
Contain serotonin and histamine
Normal range 0%-2% of total WBC
Eosinophils
10-14 microns
Normal range 2-4% of WBC
Lymphocytes
10-14 microns
Norml Range 21-35% of WBC
Monocytes
12-20 Microns
Normal Range 4-8 % of WBC
Antigen
Molecule that stimulates immune response
Ag and Ab
Antigen and Antibody
Four Blood Types
A
AB
B
O
Type 0
45% incidence
No A or B Ag
Have a and B Ab in Plasma
Universal Donor
Type A
41% Incidence
A Ag on RBC Surface
A Ab in Plasma
Receives A&O
Donates to A and AB
Type B
10% Incidence
B Ag on RBC
A Ab in Plasma
Donates to A and AB
Receives B&O
Type AB
4% Incidence
A&B Ag on RBC Surface
No Ab in Plasma
Donates to AB
Universal recipient
Lymphatic System
Subsystem of circulatory system
no heart or arteries
dead end cappilaries
acts as a drainage system
Consists of lymph, lymphatic vessels, tissues, red bone marrow
Functions of Lymphatic system
Defend against disease
Collect/Return intersitial fluid
Intestinal absorption
Basic Structures os LYMPH system
Lymph
Lymphatic Cappilaries
Lymphatic Vessels
Lymph Nodule
Lymph node
What is lymph
Clear, transparent substance
Function is it carries protein, lymphocytes, nutrients and water.
Lymphatic Trunks
Left Jugular, Right Jugular
Right subclavian and Left Subclavian
Thymus Gland
Is a 2 pyramid lobed organ located in upper thoracic cavity
Lymphocytes
10-14 microns
Norml Range 21-35% of WBC
Monocytes
12-20 Microns
Normal Range 4-8 % of WBC
Antigen
Molecule that stimulates immune response
Ag and Ab
Antigen and Antibody
Four Blood Types
A
AB
B
O
Type 0
45% incidence
No A or B Ag
Have a and B Ab in Plasma
Universal Donor
Type A
41% Incidence
A Ag on RBC Surface
A Ab in Plasma
Receives A&O
Donates to A and AB
Type B
10% Incidence
B Ag on RBC
A Ab in Plasma
Donates to A and AB
Receives B&O
Type AB
4% Incidence
A&B Ag on RBC Surface
No Ab in Plasma
Donates to AB
Universal recipient
Lymphatic System
Subsystem of circulatory system
no heart or arteries
dead end cappilaries
acts as a drainage system
Consists of lymph, lymphatic vessels, tissues, red bone marrow
Functions of Lymphatic system
Defend against disease
Collect/Return intersitial fluid
Intestinal absorption
Basic Structures os LYMPH system
Lymph
Lymphatic Cappilaries
Lymphatic Vessels
Lymph Nodule
Lymph node
What is lymph
Clear, transparent substance
Function is it carries protein, lymphocytes, nutrients and water.
Lymphatic Trunks
Left Jugular, Right Jugular
Right subclavian and Left Subclavian
Thymus Gland
Is a 2 pyramid lobed organ located in upper thoracic cavity