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165 Cards in this Set

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(1)The Joint Chiefs of Staff define intelligence as what two things?
1. The PRODUCT resulting from the collection, processing, integration, analysis, evaluation an interpretation of available information concerning foreign countries or area
2. INFORMATION and knowledge about an adversary obtained through observation, investigation, analysis, or understanding
(1)The term intelligence is used in what three things?
1. Information (finished product) – documents, briefings, reports, message traffic
2. Discipline – actual job or mission which you are tasked to perform
3. Organization – Where you are assigned (Intelligence Community)
(1)What are the three levels of intelligence, and what are the different focuses and customers?
1. Strategic - Formulate national strategy, policy and plans. R&D and weapon system acquisition (Decision and Policy makers)
2. Operational - Planning and executing theater wide aerospace operations (Commander)
3. Tactical - Tactical threat warning, mission planning, targeting and combat assessment (ATO and mission planning cycle)
(1)Which intelligence distinctive capability results in the production of adversary courses of action, named areas of interest, and high-value targets?
The Intelligence Preparation of the Battlespace (IPB)
(1)The National Security Act of 1947 addressed intelligence specifically by doing what three things?
1. Distinguished the difference between foreign intelligence and counterintelligence
2. Defined the intelligence community
3. Identified intelligence roles in the Armed Forces
(1)The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 was in direct response to what report?
National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9/11 Commission
(1)What did the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 create?
1. Director of National Intelligence (DNI)
2. National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC
(2) Who is a custodian?
Any individual who has possession of or it otherwise charged with the responsibility for safeguarding or accounting for classified information
(2) What is the difference between access and need-to-know?
a) Access is the ability and opportunity to obtain knowledge of classified information.
b) Need-to-know is ability (reason) to make use of information
(2) Define ORCON
ORCON or OC – Dissemination and Extraction of Information Controlled by the Originator
a) Security marking caveat (originator controlled)
b) Used ONLY on classified intelligence that potentially identifies the source or method and susceptible to countermeasures that would nullify effectiveness
(2) Working papers must be either made into a finished intelligence or destroyed after how many days?
NLT 180 days after working papers have been developed
(3) How many subdisciplines does SIGINT have and what are they?
3 subdisciplines (COMINT, ELINT, and FISINT)
(3) What subdiscipline of ELINT allows analysis of threats to identify modifications of existing systems?
TECHELINT
(3) What’s the difference between TECHELINT and FISINT?
TECHELINT focuses on the technical characteristics of non-communication transmission.
FISINT is derived from foreign instrumentation signals (TESTING) and includes communication and non-communication.
(3) What is the difference between covert and clandestine collections?
Covert - conceal (plausible denial) by attempting to be something other than their genuine purpose (CIA breaks into safe to get info)
Clandestine - conceal the existence of the operation itself and leave NO TRACES (CIA opens safe, makes copies and leaves the safe as is)
Who defined intelligence as, "Intelligence deals with all the things which should be known in advance of initiating a course of action?
Clark Task Force of Hoover Commission in 1955
Who defined intelligence as, "Intelligence is knowledge and foreknowledge of the world around us - the prelude to decision and action by US policymakers
Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
If you were looking at Current Intel Reports from organic assets, theater I&W support, and correlation of force movements in the joint operations area (JOA), which type of intel product would you be looking at?
Indication and Warnings (I&W)
Which intel product is Military Capabilities Assessment, Military-Related Subject Assessment; Adversay Course of Action Estimate, Foreign Intelligence Threat Assessment.
General Military Intelligence
Which intel product is tailored to specific mission. Political, economic, and social aspects of countries in the JOA.
General Military Intelligence
Which intel product has counterintelligence on foreign intelligence capabilities and activities, as well as terrorism which impacts on the force protection mission.
General Military Intelligence
Which intel product provides tip-off and warning of Imminent or hostile activity.
Indication and Warnings (I&W)
Which intel product includes adversary weapon system capabilities and vulnerabilities?
Scientific and Technical Intelligence
Which intel product includes medical capabilities and health services available to the JOA?
Scientific and Technical Intelligence
Which intel product includes summaries and briefings by JIC, JISE, and national organizations and Open Source intel in the JOA.
Current Intelligence
The term intelligence is used in what three ways?
Information (finished product), discipline, organization
What is the ultimate goal of our intelligence efforts?
Provide intelligence products to decision-makers at all echelons of command so they can make informed decisions.
What are the three levels of intelligence
Strategic, Operational, and Tactical
Which intelligence level is focused on formulating national strategy, policy and plans?
Strategic Intelligence
Which intelligence level is primarily focued on tactical threat warning, mission planning, targeting, and combat assessment (CA)?
Tactical Intelligence
Which intelligence level is focused on Theater and MAJCOM products?
Operational Intelligence
Which intelligence level is focused on wing and squadron products?
Tactical Intelligence
Which intelligence level provides current assessment, defense and penetration analysis, and warning?
Tactical Intelligence
Which intelligence level provides the information critical to planning and executing theaterwide aerospace operations that help accomplish the commander's objective?
Operational Intelligence
What are the four Air Force Intelligence Distinctive Capabilities?
AOC Operations, IPB/PBA, ISR Campaign Planning and Execution, and Targeting
Which intelligence distinctive capability results in the production of adversary courses of action, named areas of interest, and high-value targets?
Intelligence Preparation of the Battlespace (IPB)
Which intelligence distinctive capabilities goal is to provide precise, timely intelligence to the warfighter
ISR Campaign Planning and Execution
Which intelligence distinctive capability selects and prioritizes targets and matches appropriate action to those targets?
Targeting
Which intelligence distictive capability focuses on the interrelationship between the threat and environment and the effect on that interaction on both friendly and enemy courses of action?
Intelligence Preparation of the Battlespace (IPB)
The National Security Act of 1947 addressed intelligence specifically by doing what three things?
Distingished the difference between foreign intelligence and counterintelligence, defined the intelligence community and identified intelligence roles of the Armed Forces
What was one of the purposes of Executive Order 12333?
Outline the roles and responsibilites of the Intelligence Community
The intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 was in direct response to what report?
Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9/11 Commission)
Which Act established the Department of Homeland Security?
Homeland Security Act of 2002
Which Department is responsible for preventing terrorist attacts within the United States?
Department of Homeland Security
Which Act created the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) and National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)?
The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004
Which Executive Order prescribes a uniform system for classifying, declassifying and safeguarding national security information?
Executive Order 12958
Within the DoD, how are the requirements of EX 12958 satisfied?
Information Security Program (ISP)
Whose responsibile for administering the information security program (ISP)?
Intelligence Community
What do we call a person who has possession of or is otherwise responsible for safeguarding or accounting for classified information?
Custodian
Information or material whose unauthorized disclosure could cause exceptionally grave damage?
Top Secret
Information or material whose unauthorized disclosure could cause serious damage?
Secret
Information or material whose unauthorized disclosure could cause damage?
Confidential
A determination that classified information requires a lower degree of protection against unauthorized disclosure that previously provided.
Downgrade
The determination that classified information no longer requires any degree of protection against unauthorized disclosure.
Declassification
A determination that classified information requires a higher degree of protection against unauthorized disclosure that previously provided.
Upgrade
The opportunity afforded an individual to obtain classified information.
Clearance
The disclosure of classified information to persons not authorized access.
Compromise
What do we call information that could potentially provide an adversary with insight to our plans, mission, etc.
Sensitive, but unclassified
Requirement (ability) for access to, knowledge of, or possession of classified information.
Need-to-Know
Marking used on classifed intelligence that clearly identifies or would reasonably help identify intel sources and methods.
ORCON (OC)
Marking used to identify information provided by a commercial firm or private source.
PROPIN (PR)
Classified intelligence that may not be released in any form to foreign governments, foreign nationals, or non-US citizens.
NOFORN (NF)
If a document contains paragraphs marked REL and NOFORM, what is the overall classification?
NOFORN
What are the three reasons we classify information?
Protect the information, protect the source and protect national security
Who is responsible for determining and applying the classification procedures involving RAW information
Original Classification Authority (OCA)
When are you authorized to classify intelligence to conceal violations of the law?
Never
Are the majority of intelligence community employees OCA or derivative classifiers?
Derivative
How long will information remain classified?
As long as required for national security considerations
What is the maximum length of time to review information classification
10 years
Information may not be considered for classification unless in concerns:
Weapons Systems, Foreign government information, intellingence sources or methods
Classified information should be declassified automatically as a result of any unauthorized disclosure of identical or similiar information?
False
Working papers must be either made into a finished product or destroyed after how many days?
180
How do you properly mark a documents classification?
Overall classification marked on the top/bottom of front and back cover, title page and first page. Each interior page will be marked with the highest classification on that specific page.
How do you mark blank pages with classified on the opposite side?
Marked with the classification, marked on the opposite side and have the phrase (This page intentionally left blank) centered on the page.
Information identified as National Security Information under the provisions of EO 12958 but no subject to enhance security protection.
Collateral Information (requires no additional protection than that warranted by its classification.
Which intelligence discipline is responsible for information derived from electromagnetic (EM) spectrum?
SIGINT
What is a large, complex structure, organized and operated pursuant to a multitude of laws, executive orders, policies and directives?
Intelligence Community
_____ is tasked with SIGINT collection.
NSA (National Security Agency)
SIGINT is information derived from____
The electromagnetic (EM) spectrum
What are the three parts of SIGINT?
COMINT, ELINT, FISINT
This one deals with the interception of foreign communications…
COMINT
What are two examples of COMINT?
Voice and Morse (Plus Fax/Modem/Landlines)
ELINT intercepts__________
Non-communication signals and emanations (RADAR)
T/F : Techelint hears a weird sound and sends it to Opelint to study and determine what it is and how it affects our strategy…
FALSE
OPELINT deals with…
Threat warning
New Sound for non-communication transmission may mean what two things?
System modifications or new system
What INT signifies TESTING?
FISINT
What INT has info potential, easily detects activity level changes and OB data?
SIGINT
What are SIGINT’s weaknesses?
Denial of Info (switch frequencies), Deception (leak false info), Weather Impact on collection, SO MUCH info and extensive coordination is required.
IMINT is the examination of --- on ---
Imaged objects, film based material/computers
What is a weakness of IMINT dealing with quality?
Quality usually degrades in darkness (others are concealment
The intelligence discipline that uses humans as both a source and collector?
HUMINT
What is human Intel for the Air Force?
AFOSI
Other than service components… who has human intelligence?
The CIA and DIA
What are two categories of Human Intel?
Overt and Clandestine
T/F: Clandestine ops are conducted with little attempt to conceal the operation.
False: Overt Collection: conducted in the open with NO attempt to conceal ops
What are some major problems with HUMINT?
Timeliness
What can HUMINT do to aid a mission?
Additional/more specific coverage area where other INTs can’t reach and refine/revise estimates from other sources
Measurement and Signatures Intel is referred to as…
MASINT
What does MASINT do?
Detects
Information collected by ___________ is needed in planning/executing weapons developments
counter-measures
From where can IMINT be collected?
Platforms: satellite, aircraft, UAV, hand-held (cameras)
Narratives: description of what’s being seen below a picture
When are narratives used in IMINT?
BDA (Battle Damage Assessment) – check the before pic and the after pic …
What spectrums does IMINT normally collect and exploit?
EO (electro-optical) or visible light
Radar, via reflected energy
IR and combos of spectrums -multispectral
Strengths of IMINT:
Many spectra and platforms,
Targeting capable
OB (order of battle) inventory
PICS!
What are MASINT’s six subdisciplines
Electro-optical
Radar
Radio Frequency
Geophysical
Materials and Debris
Nuclear Radiation
This INT is highly technical, can detect cues for other sensors and patterns
MASINT
T/F: Due to its technical nature the MASINT is easy to exploit
False: Difficult
OSINT is titled as
Open Source Intelligence
Strengths of OSINT
Gives us an ‘insiders’ view and pics not available elsewhere, may be the timeliest info available
T/F: OSINT is not susceptible to deception unlike many of the other INTs.
False: OSINT IS susceptible to deception LIKE the other INTs
T/F: OSINT is similar to SIGINT because the volume of material and need to translate much of it may be OSINT’s biggest weakness.
True
T/F: MASINT looks for things on a very general level.
False: Looks for things specifically
T/F: OSINT is Unclassified
True
What are some sources of OSINT?
Think Tanks, Non-Gov organizations, public broadcasts (TV, Radio, Satellite, Internet, Books, Soldier blogs)
Which AFSC provide OPSEC and COMSEC?
IN6
Which agency owns SIGINT?
NSA
Which AFSC provide ELINT support?
1N5 Radar
Which AFSC provide COMINT (voice) support?
1N3
Which AFSC provide COMINT (non-voice) support?
1N2
Which AFSC provide IMINT support?
1N1
Which intelligence discipline intercepts foreign EM noncommunications transmissions?
ELINT
Which intelligence subdiscipline focues on everday threats dealing with radar? (Threat Warnings)
OPELINT
Which intelligence discipline focuses on EM emissins assocated with the testing and opeational deployment of foreign aerospace, surface, and subsurface systems?
FISINT
Which intelligence discipline deals with technical information derived from the intercept of foreign instrumentation signals (FIS)?
FISINT
Which intelligence discipline takes a more in-depth look at noncommunication signals?
TECHELINT
Which agency handles IMINT products?
National Geo Spatial Intelligence Agency (NGA)
What are the two types of COMINT
Morse and Voice
Which AFSC translates and transcribes information?
1N3 (Linguist)
Which AFSC prepares battle damage assessment reports?
1N1 (Imagery Analysis Specialist)
Which AFSC wants the BDA report?
1N0 (Operational Intel Specialist)
Which AFSC conducts detailed analysis for target networks?
1N4 (Network intelligence Specialist)
Which AFSC gives OPSEC recommendations?
1N6
Which AFSC Instructs aircrews on collecting and reporting requirements and procedures, evasion and recovery, code of conduct recognition, and assessing weapons system capabilities
1N0
Which AFSC Exploits and analyzes multisensor imagery in conjunction with all-source intel…
1N1
Which AFAC Determines present and future imagery requirements?
1N1
Which AFSC Processes signals and extracts electromagnetic emissions and performs technical and data analysis?
1N2
Which AFSC Operates radio receivers, recording equipment, keyboards….
1N3 (for translating and transcribing)
Which AFSC Authors time sensitive intel. Reports in accordance with established guidelines for US warfighters and national decision makers
1N4 (network intelligence analyst)
Which (2) AFSC's provide SIGINT reports?
1N2 (signals) and 1N4 (network) (1N4 is more in depth)
Which AFSC exploits military vulnerabilities?
1N6
T/F: FISINT only deals with non-comm signals
False
What is the intelligence cycle?
Process of developing raw information into finished intelligence for policy makers to use in decision-making and action.
What are the Intelligence cycle phases?
Planning and direction, collection, processing analysis and production, dissemination
Two steps of planning and direction?
Establish….then validate the requirement
How are intelligence requirements categorized?
Standing and Field
In which case is a spot or ad hoc requirement developed to answer specific problems or questions?
Field Requirements
Broad, continuous requirements that generally follow a fixed pattern?
Standing Requirements
Who has the overall responsibility for theatre collection requirements (CR)?
JFC
To whom does the JFC delegate collection management authority CMA?
JFACC
Request for info between organizations?
RFI – Specific request for info
Who is responsible for prioritizing all theatre requirements when the JFC delegates the CMA out?
ISR Ops Team
If there is an intel gap and you need physical collection….
Use a Collection Requirement for ISR
Which basic information requests comes back the most detailed?
EEI – essential elements of info
When a commander gives INTEL requirements priority?
Priority Intelligence Requirement PIR
Discreet means…
No need to hide, but don’t talk about
What must be randomly planned so the enemy cannot determine a pattern and evade coverage…and systematic to reduce missed opportunities…
Collection (phase 2)
What are two types of collection?
Primary and secondary
What does the AOC provide?
The AOC (Aerospace Ops Center) provides the method for implementing the JFC’s guidance and directions.
What five divisions make up the AOC?
Strategy Division, Combat Plans, Combat Ops, ISR, Air Mobility
This division is responsible for long range planning and is made up of three teams.
Strategy: Strategy Plans, Strategy Guidance and Operation Assessment Teams
This team in this division develops the air ops directive (AOD) and applies expertise to AOD and ensures component needs are represented.
Strategy Guidance Team : Strategy Division
This division is responsible for near-term air and space ops planning with 2-3 days prior to execution and is made up of 4 teams.
Combat Plans: Target Effects, Master Air Attack Plan (MAAP), Air Tasking Order Production, Command and Control Center (C2) Planning
Strategy Plans Team…
Develops a coherent Joint Air Ops Plan (JAOP) and identifies clear aerospace objectives
This division monitors and executes current ATO and is said to fight ‘today’s’ war by ensuring timely coordination with Wing ops.
Combat Ops Division