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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Three stages in Disease Perspective
Clinical Syndrome --> Pathological Entity --> Etiological Agent
PSYCH diseases of KNOWN pathology (2)
Delirium (multiple pathologies)
Distinction between form and content
Form of illness is similar in ALL individuals
Content of symptoms may be unique to PARTICULAR individual
Concise definition of delirium
Change in the level of consciousness
DECREASED ability to attend
Concise definition of dementia
GLOBAL decline in cognition
What does the DISEASE perspective propose
There are categories/classes of patients

Categories don't imply treatments
Rather, they focuse attention on disease features
PSYCH diseases of UNKNOWN pathology (2)
Mood Disorder
Concise definition of Mood disorder
Change in mood
CLEAR consciousness
NORMAL cognition

NOTE: CAN have delusions, but mood CONGRUENT
Concise definition of Schizophrenia
Psychotic symptoms
CLEAR consciousness
NORMAL cognition

Delusions in Mood Disorder are characterized as
Mental subnormality

What are the ranges?
Falling 2 standard deviations below mean IQ for population

MILD - 55-69
MODERATE - 40-54
SEVERE - 25-39
Problems w/ Typological Reasoning (3)
Categories are awkward & disjunctive
Boundaries are unclear
Types are poorly tied to phenomena beyond themselves
Definition of "traits"
Tendencies to react to circumstances in a particular fashion
DSM considers a trait abnormal when...
It is inflexible and causes individual or those around them to suffer
Dimensional perspective considers a trait abnormal when...
It is excessive enough that the individual is rendered vulnerable by it
Behaviors are considered pathological either when (2)
There is an:

Abnormal STRENGTH of drive
Abnormal OBJECT of drive
Munchausen's Syndrome
Syndrome in which pts. repeatedly fake diseases
"The hermeneutic round"
Problem of the life story perspective

Interpretations beget interpretations
Types of disorders on Axis I
STATE-related disorders
Types of disorders on Axis II
TRAIT-related disorders
What is coded on Axis III
Medical conditions
What is coded on Axis IV
Type and severity of psychosocial/environmental problems
What is Axis V
Global Assessment of Functioning (scale of 100)
IQ range for PROFOUND mental subnormality
< 24 points

From here, categories go up in chunks of 15pts.

Severe - 25-39
Moderate - 40-54
Mild - 55-69