Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
To find the defendant not guilty of the crime for which he was tried.
The guilty act. The prosecution must show that a criminal defendant committed some proscribed act. In a murder prosecution, taking another person's life is the actus reus.
Actus reus
A written statement signed under oath.
A person who acts for a principal.
Malicious use of fire or explosives to damage or destroy real estate or personal property.
Using punishment, such as imprisonment, to discourage criminal behavior.
Using punishment, such as imprisonment, to discourage criminal behavior.
Fraudulent conversion of property already in the defendant's possession.
A criminal defense in which the defendant demonstrates that the government induced him to break the law.
In a criminal trial, a ban on the use of evidence obtained in violation of the Constitution.
Exclusionary rule
The most serious crimes, typically those for which the defendant could be imprisoned for more than a year.
The government's formal charge that a defendant has committed a crime.
A criminal defense in which the defendant establishes that he broke the law to avoid a greater harm.
Taking personal property with the intention of preventing the owner from ever using it.
Guilty state of mind.
Mens rea
A less serious crime, typically one for which the maximum penalty is incarceration for less than a year, often in a jail, as opposed to a prison.
Taking the profits of criminal acts and either (1) using the money to promote more crime or (2) attempting to conceal the money's source.
Money laundering
A request that the court exclude evidence because it was obtained in violation of the Constitution.
Motion to suppress
In a search and seizure case, it means that the information available indicates that it is more likely than not that a search will uncover particular criminal evidence.
Probable cause
The government's attempt to convict a defendant of a crime by charging him, trying the case, and forcing him to defend himself.
Giving a criminal defendant the punishment he deserves.