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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The New Testament word for the Flood.
cataclysm
An island, usually large and high, formed near a continent out of the same landmass.
continental island
The formation of many mountains appearing together.
mountain range
A river that flows into and feeds another river.
tributary
An area of stagnant water, such as a swamp, marsh, or bog.
wetlands
A partially enclosed arm of the ocean.
sea
A crack in the earth's suface where two pieces of land have moved in different directions.
fault
A soil ingredient produced by the slow decomposition of leaves and other organic materials.
humus
A bend in a portion of the earth's crust caused by pressure.
fold
Islands that rise from the ocean floor (the lower layer of the crust called sima).
oceanic islands
Wide areas of level land.
plain
The main river and all its tributaries.
river system
Water-soaked area covered with organic materials, particularly mosses.
bog
A sheltered body of deep water nest to the shore.
harbor
The natural breakdown and removal of materials on the earth's surface.
erosion
Main landmasses of the earth.
continents
The whole system of oceans flowing into each other.
world ocean
Sediment deposited by flowing water.
alluvium
Total land area drained by the main river and its tributaries.
drainage basin
A wetland area with standing water, grasses, and small water plants.
marsh
According to this theory, plates crash into one another and pull apart, releasing energy from the earth's interior and causing earthquakes and volcanoes
plate tectonics theory
The degenerative process that contributes to the breaking up and alteration of rock materials.
weathering
A large mass of ice that forms at high elevations and flows downward.
glacier
Landmasses surrounded by water.
island
Wide areas of relatively flat land, but they rise abruptly above surrounding lands.
plateau
The belief that only those forces that are presently acting on the earth have shaped the earth in the past.
uniformitarianism
One feature of the land, such as a hill, peninsula, or mesa.
landform
Bodies of water fully enclosed by land.
lake
Wetland area of standing water in which large trees grow.
swamp
The movement of the earth's crustal plates and the resulting seismic and volcanic activity.
tectonic activity
Particles of sand, silt, and clay produced by the weathering of rock.
sediment