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20 Cards in this Set

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Gross Anatomy:
The study of the macroscopic structures of an organism.
Microscopic anatomy:
The study of the microscopic structures of an organism.
Physiology:
The study of the functions of an organism and its parts.
Histology:
The study of tissues.
Organ:
A group of tissues specialized for a particular function.
Tissues:
Groups of cells specialized for a particular function.
Homeostasis:
A state of equilibrium in the body with respect to its functions, chemical levels, and tissues.
Effector:
A structure in the body that can change the value of a variable.
Selective permeability:
The ability to let certain materials in or out while restricting others.
Endocytosis:
The process by which large molecules are taken into the cell.
Exocytosis:
Transportation of materials from inside the cell to outside the cell.
What are the four types of tissues:
Connective, Epithelial, Muscular, and Nervous.
What are the seven levels of organization:
Organism, Organ systems, Organs, Tissues, Cells, Organelles, Molecules.
What are the four ways into a cell?
Dissolving through the phospholipids, entering through a channel protein, entering using a carrier protein, and endocytosis.
How does water enter a cell?
Channel Protein.
How does a protein enter a cell?
Pinocytosis.
How does an ion enter a cell?
Charged channel proteins.
How does a monosaccharide enter a cell?
Carrier proteins.
How does an invading bacterium enter a cell?
Phagosytosis.
How does a lipid enter a cell?
Dissolving through the phospholipids.