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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Binomial nomenclature (339)
A system of naming organisms that uses the genus name and a species identifier
Class (338)
A group of related orders
Division (338)
A group of similar classes of plants
Family (338)
A group of related genera
Genus (338)
A group of similar species
Kingdom (338)
A group of similar phyla or divisions
Order (338)
A group of similar families
Phylogeny (339)
The evolutionary history of a species or taxonomic group
Phylum (338)
A group of similar classes
Species (338)
A group of organisms of a single type that are capable of producing fertile offspring in a natural environment
Species Identifier (339)
The second part of a species name
Species name (339)
The two-part scientific name of a species composed of the genus and the species identifier
Subspecies (339)
Varities of animal species that occur in different geographical areas
Taxonomy (337)
The science of grouping organisms according to their presumed evolutionary relationships
Variety (339)
A further division or subset of species
Blastopore (344)
A depression formed when cells of the blastula move inward
Blastula (344)
A hollow ball of cells formed when a zygote undergoes repeated cycles of cell division
Cladistics (345)
A system of phylogenetic classification using shared characters and the recency of ancestry is the sole criterion for grouping taxa
Cladogram (346)
Ancestry diagrams made by means of cladistic analysis
Derived character (345)
A feature that evolved only within the group under consideration, such as the feathers of birds
Echinoderm (344)
A radially symmetric marine invertebrate with an endoskeleton, a water-vascular system, and tube feet, such as a sea star, a sea urchin, or a sea cucumber
Phylogenetic tree (342)
A family tree that shows the evolutionary relationships thought to exist among groups of organisms
Systematics (342)
systematic taxonomy; taxonomic organization of living things in the context of evolution
Domain (350)
In the three-domain system of
classification, one of three broad groups that all living things fall into on the basis of rRNA analysis
Domain Arachaea (350)
Known in the six-kingdom system as kingdom Archaebacteria
Domain Bacteria (350)
Known in the six-kingdom system as the kingdom Eubacteria
Domain Eukarya (350)
Consists of the protists, the fungi, and the plants and animals
Eubacteria (348)
The lineage of prokaryotes that includes all contemporary bacteria except archaeabacteria
Kingdom Animalia (349)
Made up of eukaryotic, multicellular heterotrophic organisms
Kingdom Archaebacteria (348)
Unicellular prokaryotes with distinctive cell membranes as well as biochemical and genetic properties that differ from all other kinds of life
Kingdom Eubacteria (348)
Unicellular prokaryotes; most of the bactera that affect your life
Kingdom Fungi (349)
Heterotrophic unicellular and multicellular eukaryotic organisms
Kingdom Plantae (349)
Multicellular plants
Kingdom Protista (348)
A veriety of eurkaryotic, mostly single-celled organisms
Protist (348)
Eukaryotic, unicellular organisms including protozoans, slime molds, and certain algae