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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
inductive reasoning
specific to general
deductive reasoning
general to specific
hypothesis
offered as an explanation for event and used for further observations and experiments
theory
an explanation that is broad in scope and is supported by a large body of evidence
law
a geralization that scientists have observed for a long time and that never deviates
crainiometry
Lombroso's Criminal Man (1887) Bad Science
Nazi Germany
Ugly science 1939-1945
Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment
ugly science in 1932-1972 experiment in alabama on 399 black men in late stages of syphilis.never told to see what would happen
order
close up of a sunflower illustrates highly ordered structure that characterizes life
evolutionary adaptation
camouflage, adaptations evolve over many generations with heritable traits that are best suited to their evironments
response to the environment
venus fly trap. stimulus of fly landing on the trap
regulation
constant body temperature by regulation of blood flow through ears of jack rabbit
energy processing
hummingbird obtains fuel in form of nectar from flowers, will use it to power flight and other work
growth and development
inherited information carried by genes controls the pattern of growth and devel. of organisms
reproduction
organisms reproduce their own kind
biosphere
the part of the earth inhabited by living organisms; includes bothe the living and non-living components
ecosystems
all the organisms and their non-living environment within a defined area, one or more communities together with their non-living surroundings.
communities
two or more populations of different species living and interacting in the same area
populations
consists of all the individuals of a species in specified area for ex. ontario forest has sugar maple trees and american black bears
organisms or individuals
each maple tree in a maple tree forest is an organism
organ-system
organs organized each a team of organs that cooporate in a specific function, digestive system
organs
maple leaf, brain, heart, kidney.
molecule
chemical stucture consisting of two or more small chemical units called atoms
name the levels of biological organization in order from big to smallest
biosphere, ecosystems, communities, populations, orgainsms, organ systems, organs, tissues, cells, organelles, molecules
producers
are plants ond other photosynthetic organisms that convert light energy to chemical energy
consumers
organisms, such as animals, that feed on producers and other consumers
high-throughput technology
mega data collection methods, for ex. the automatic dna sequencing machines that made the human genome project possible
bioinformatics
using computing power, software, and mathematical models to process and integrate biological information from large data sets
interdisciplinary research teams
merging of teams of others together, computational and systems biology
systems biology
an academic field that seeks to integrate high thoughput biological studies to understand how biological systesms function.