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15 Cards in this Set

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Heredity
The transmission of traits from one generation to the next is called inheritance.
Variation
offspring differ somewhat in apperance from parents and siblings
Genetics
the scientific study of heredity and hereditary variation
Asexual Reproduction
A single individual is the sole parent and passes copies of all its genes to its offspring
Clone
a group of genetically identical individuals
Sexual Reproduction
Reproduction in which two parents give rise to offspring that have unique combinations of genes inherited from the gametes of the two parents
Life Cycle
The Generation-to-Generation sequence of stages in the reprductive history of an organism from conception to production of its own offspring.
Somatic Cell
any cell other tan a sperm or ovum.
Karyotype
A method of organizing the chromosomes of a cell in relation to number, size, and type.
Sex Chromosomes
one of the pair of chromosomes responsible for dermining the sex of an individual.
Autosomes
A chromosomes that is not directly involved in determining sex, as opposed to a sex chromosomes.
Gametes
A Haploid cell such as an egg or sperm.
*Gametes unite durin sexual reproduction to produce a diploid zygote
Haploid Cell
A cell containing only one set of chromosomes
Fertilization
the union of haploid gametes to produce a diploid zygote
Zygote
The Diploid product of the union of haploid gametes in conception : a fertilized egg.