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109 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Whcih phylum has animals that are prickly, hae a water vascular system. and tube feet
Echinoderms
What kind of skeleton do echinderms have
endoskeleton
What kind of symmetry do echinoderms have
bilatral
How do echinoderms obtain and diegest food
they have a short digestive tract with a mouth and anus
What does a water vascular system do
obtain oxygen
How do echinoderms use their circulatory system
Fluid in the body cavity transport nutrients throughout the body
What do the excretion systems of echinoderms do
They have on specialzed ecretion system - remove by diffision
What do echinoderms use ther spiny back and tube feet or
to protect themelves from predators
Exampls of echinoderms
sea urchins, sea stars, sea cucumbers, sea lillies, sea daisies
reproduction for echinoderms (sexual/assexualy)
sexual
Uses for echinoderms
decoration in homes
Which phylum has small cylindrical pointed heades ND TAPERED TAILS, and a complete digestive tract
Nematodes- Roundworms
What kind of skeleton do Nematodes have
exoskeleton
What are Nematodes exoskeleton called
cuticles
What do they se for digestion
complete digestive tract- mouth and anus at both ends
How do Nematodes obtain oxygen
Diffusion
What do Nematodes do for a circulatory sytem
not specialized- fluids carry nutrients
What is a ventral gland or a tubular systen is connected to a pore to maintain water balance
Excretory system
resonse to environment for Nematodes
central ganglion with nerve cords
reproduction for Nematodes (sexual/asexual)
sexual
example of Nematodes
roundworms
decomposers in the soil or on the bottom of lakes
Nematodes
which phylum hs a distinct head andtail and 3 tissue layer
Plathyelminthes- flatworms
What is the body plan for Plathyelminthes
true muscle tissue and bilateral or radial symmetry
WHere dos digestion take place in Plathyelminthes
gastrovascular cavity which has a single opening
how do Plathyelminthes excrete wastes
diffusin of wastes into surrouding water
Reproduction for Plathyelminthes (sexual/asexual
Both Asexual-fragmentation and regeneration
Example of Plathyelminthes
flatworms, planarians, flukes, tapeworms
Which phylum is slow moving or sessile. drift about in ocean currents
Cnidarians
What kind of symetry do Cnidarians have
radial
what do Cnidarians use to capture prey
stinging cells
what do Cnidarians do for digestion
hve a single opening for both mouth and anus
for reproduction what do Cnidarians do
Asexual- budding
Sexual
What animals are milticelluar, eukaryotic, heterotrophs, and lack cell walls
inertebrates
Certain cells per digestion, certain cells get oxygen etc.
Division of LAbor
radiates around a central point
radial symetry
RIGHT AND LEFT SIDES ARE BASICALLY THE SAME
BILATERAL
concentration of the sense organs and nerve cellss in the anterior
Cephalization
wht is the head called
anterior
opposite of the head
posterior
back
dorsal
front
ventral
eat whatever filters out of the water
filter feederd
feed on ded or decaying organisms
Detritus feeders
what are required to enable the sences
nerve cells
less complex animals have what kind of system for response
GANGLION
more complex animals have what kind of system for response
Brain
young are adult miniatures
Direct development
metamorphosis
iNDIRECT DEVELOPMENT
WHAT animals live in fresh or salt water, n real tissue, no mouth or gut
Prorifera
Prorifera has what for a body paln
radial symmetry, collor cells
what kind of feeders are sponges
filter feeders
What do Prorifera ue to casue a water current
amabocytes
Reprodue in Prorifera
Assexual-budding
sexual
Uses for Prorifera
food for oher animals
antibiotics
What part of the body contains the mouth in a mollusk
foot
thin delicate tissue that covers the body
mantle
internal organs
visceral mass
small teeth-like structures embedded in a thin flexible skin spported by cartilage
radula
what do mlluks use for respiration
gills
for internal transport what do mollusks use
open circulatory system
or
closed circulatory system
Wht do molluks use for excretion
anus leave via nephridia
tube shaped organs that remove ammonia wastes
nephridia
Reproduction in mollusks
sxual some are able to switch sexes
Examples
Gastropods-snails and slugs
Bivalves-clam, oyster,scallops
Cephalopods- octopi, squids, nautiuses
means "stomach foot"
Gastropod
means '2s shells'
bivlaves
means 'head foot'
cephalopods
what does annelid mean
"little ring"
how many species of annelids
15000
what kind of symmetry do annelid ahve
bilateral
muscular front end of the gut
Pharynx
what kind of circulatroy system do annelid have
clsoed and can hav e5 hearts
annelid use what for excretion
anus
where are sense organs located in annelid
each segment
less complex animals have what kind of system for response
GANGLION
more complex animals have what kind of system for response
Brain
young are adult miniatures
Direct development
metamorphosis
iNDIRECT DEVELOPMENT
WHAT animals live in fresh or salt water, n real tissue, no mouth or gut
Prorifera
Prorifera has what for a body paln
radial symmetry, collor cells
what kind of feeders are sponges
filter feeders
What do Prorifera ue to casue a water current
amabocytes
Reprodue in Prorifera
Assexual-budding
sexual
Uses for Prorifera
food for oher animals
antibiotics
What part of the body contains the mouth in a mollusk
foot
thin delicate tissue that covers the body
mantle
internal organs
visceral mass
small teeth-like structures embedded in a thin flexible skin spported by cartilage
radula
what do mlluks use for respiration
gills
reproduction in annelid
asexual- budding
sexual
produce both egg and sperm
hermapharodites
examples of annelid
polychaetes
oligochaetes
hirudinea
What does Arthropoda mean
"joint foot"
a system of external supporting structures that are made of chitin
exoskeleton
antennae, claws, walking legs, wings, flappers
appendages
what does movement do to help arthropods
keeps water and oxygen moving over the gills
long tubes fro spiracles connect outside oxygen to insie the arthropods
tracheal tubes
sheets of page-like issues tht increase srface area and allow for gas exchang
book gills
maliphigian tubules concentrate wastes and adds them to he intestine to be excreted with food waste
nitrogen waste
excrete ntrogen wastes through holes in the head
green glands
used for balnce in an arthropod
statcysts
2000 lenses that can detect color and motion
compound eye
Reproduction in an arthropod
sexual
as the animal grows , the exoskeleton continues growing
molting
dramatic changes in form
includes both incomplete and complete
metamorphosis
spiders, scorpions, mites, ticks
Arachnids
centipededs and milipeded
myriapods
lobsters, crayfish, pill bugs
ccrustaceans