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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Archea
prokaryotes that live in some of most extreme environments on Earth
Bacteria
prokaryotes that have a basic cell structure including cell wall, cell membrane, ribosomes, and DNA
Eukarya
all unicellular and multicellular eukaryotes including protists, plants, and animal cells
Do viuses qualify as living organisms
no
Virus have Smaller/larger and more/less complex cells
smaller/less
T or F
Virus do not grow
true
T or F
They have nucleus, no cytoplasm, or no membrane
False (no nucleus, have cytoplasm or membrane)
do Virus use energy
no
What are the virus reproductions
Lytic Cycle
Lysogenic
Transduction
disease causing
virulent
not immediately disease causeing
temperate
Where do temperate viruses insert the DNA
host
What do Virus us as their genetic material
DNA and RNA
What are the shapes of Viruses
Icosohedron
helix
what is an Icosahedron
has 20 faces
what is a helix
coiled spring
WHat do all of the following have in commom
>Mealses, Mumps, Rubella
>Hepatitus
>ChickenPox
>Rabies
all have vaccines
protien that interfers with the viruses ability to bind with the host
interferon
Are bacteria unicellular or multicellular
uni.
Bacteria Eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Pro.
what are the ahapes of bacteria
Rod
Sphere
Spiral
what is the shape bacilli
rod
what is the shape cocci
sphere
what is the shape spriochetes
spiral
What is th movement of bacteria
half don't move on own
most others move by flagella
How do bacteria reproduce
Binary fission
conjugation
split by cell division
binary fission
bacteria sex- transfer of genetic material between two cells
conjugation
make their own food
Autotrophs
go through photosynthesis
Photoautotrophs
get their energy from chemical sources rather than the sun
chemoautotrophs
eat dead things
heterotrophs
need oxygen
obligate aerobes
cannot live with oxygen
Obligate anaerobes
conlive with or without oxygen
Facultative anaerobes