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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Allele
*"options " for a gene/trait
Anaphase
*chromatids move away, nuclear membrane is absent, and the chromsomes move away from each other
Autosomes
*Normal Chromosomes
Centromere
*the part of the chromosomes that connects the two parts together
Chromosomes
*Long strands of DNA
Coarse Adjustment
*were u adjust the stage
Crossing Over
*Pieces of homologous chromosomes trade places , process of the chromosomes switching places
Diploid
*cells with 2 of every chromosomes
Dominant
* Allele that will always show if present(capital letter)
Gametes
*egg or sperm
Heterozygous
* different 2 alleles in genotype*also called a hybird
Homozygous
*same 2 alleles in genotype *also called a purebread
Karyotype
*picture of chromosomes,
can tell you if the baby is a boy or girl, or if there is any added or extra chromosomes
Interphase
*normal phase, nuclear memberane is present, chromsome is not visible
Sex Chromosomes
*chromosome that determines gender
Phenotype
*the physical apperance from the genes
Prophase
*chromosomes are visible , nuclear memebrane is breaking a part
Recessive
*allele that will be hidden by a dominant allele (lower case letter)
Genotype
*Combination of alleles for a gene.
Telophase
*two new cells, necular membrane has reformed , and the chrosomes begin to disappear