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86 Cards in this Set

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process if division of a cell into 2 new daughter cells
Cell division
division of the nuckeus into 2 nuclei
mitosis
division of the cytoplasm
cytokinesis
DNA and protein that are tightly coiled inside the nucleus
Chrimatin
growth preparation for division, and division to form 2 daughter cells
Cell Cycle
Name the steps of the cell cycle
Interphases
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telophase
Cytokinesis
Name the steps of mitosis
Prophase
Metaphse
Anaphase
Telophase
NORMAL CELLULAR ACTIVITY
INTERPHASE
What are the stages of Interphase
G1
Synthesis(S)
G2
normal cell growth and development
G1
DNA replication
Synthesis(S)
shotest of the stages of interphaes and organelles duplicate
G2
division of the nucleus
Mitosis
*longest phase of mitosis
*chromosomesbecome visible
*centrioles move to opposite ends of the cell
*spindle fibers form
*Nuclus ans Nuclear membrane disappear
Prophase
*shortest phase
*chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
Metaphase
process if division of a cell into 2 new daughter cells
Cell division
division of the nuckeus into 2 nuclei
mitosis
division of the cytoplasm
cytokinesis
DNA and protein that are tightly coiled inside the nucleus
Chrimatin
growth preparation for division, and division to form 2 daughter cells
Cell Cycle
Name the steps of the cell cycle
Interphases
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telophase
Cytokinesis
Name the steps of mitosis
Prophase
Metaphse
Anaphase
Telophase
NORMAL CELLULAR ACTIVITY
INTERPHASE
What are the stages of Interphase
G1
Synthesis(S)
G2
normal cell growth and development
G1
DNA replication
Synthesis(S)
shotest of the stages of interphaes and organelles duplicate
G2
division of the nucleus
Mitosis
*longest phase of mitosis
*chromosomesbecome visible
*centrioles move to opposite ends of the cell
*spindle fibers form
*Nuclus ans Nuclear membrane disappear
Prophase
*shortest phase
*chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
Metaphase
process if division of a cell into 2 new daughter cells
Cell division
division of the nuckeus into 2 nuclei
mitosis
division of the cytoplasm
cytokinesis
DNA and protein that are tightly coiled inside the nucleus
Chrimatin
growth preparation for division, and division to form 2 daughter cells
Cell Cycle
Name the steps of the cell cycle
Interphases
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telophase
Cytokinesis
Name the steps of mitosis
Prophase
Metaphse
Anaphase
Telophase
NORMAL CELLULAR ACTIVITY
INTERPHASE
What are the stages of Interphase
G1
Synthesis(S)
G2
normal cell growth and development
G1
DNA replication
Synthesis(S)
shotest of the stages of interphaes and organelles duplicate
G2
division of the nucleus
Mitosis
*longest phase of mitosis
*chromosomesbecome visible
*centrioles move to opposite ends of the cell
*spindle fibers form
*Nuclus ans Nuclear membrane disappear
Prophase
*shortest phase
*chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
Metaphase
sister chromatids soerate
Anaphase
*chromosomes uncoil
*Nuclear envelope reforms
*end of mitosis
Telophase
division of the cytoplasm
Cytokinesis
cells storing ans transmitting traits from 1 generation to the next
Genetic Code
What does DNA mean
deoxyribonucleic acid
Who are the main scientists involved with the discovery of the structure of DNA
Griffith, Avery, Hershey, Chase, and Franklin(Female)
What scientists are currently given credit for the discovery
Watson, Crick
Complementary
EACH SIDE OF THE DNA STRAND COMPLEMENTS THE OTHER SIDE
it tells what the other side should look like without being exactly alike
Complementary
basic subunit of DNA
Nucleotides
What are nucleotides made from
*5 carbon sugars
*Phosphate group
*Nitrogenous base- (A, G, C, T)
twisted ladder or spiral staircase
double helix
What is another name for DNA replication
DNA synthesis
Each side of the DNA ----- the other side
complements
What phase does DNA replication during
S phase of Interphase
Enzymes --- the DNA strand by breaking the hydrogen bonds between the nitrogenous base pairs
Undo- unzip
Enzymes then insert the apprpriate bases using the original strand as a -----
template
What are the final producs of DNA Replication
2 identical copies each with 1/2 from the original strand of DNA
What does RNA mean
ribonucleic acid
what does it act as between DNA and the ribosomes
messanger
What are nucleotides made of in an RNA structure
5 carbon sugars called ribose
phosephat group
Nitrogenous base- Cytosine & Guanine and Adenine & Uracil
What are the differences between RNA AND DNA
RNA DNA
1. ribose deoxyribose
2. 1 strand 2 strand
3. Uracil Thymine
*made of different sequences of 20 different amino acids
*Amino acids are joined by peptide bonds
proteins
What are a proteins functions
*Enzymes
*Direct synthesis of other molecules
*Cell strcture
*Cell movement
What are the stages of Protein Synthesis
Transcription
Translation
What's another name for transcription
RNA synthesis
*DNA molecules are copied to a complementary strand of RNA
Transcription
What is the new strand called in Transcrption
mRNA
What does the messanger strand do?
carries the gentic code from the nucleus to the ribosome
*converting mRNA ti proteins
translation
reads the 3 base sequence on the mRNA
tRNA
*what is a 3 base sequence on the mRNA
*orders to start making protein, stop making proteins, or 1 amino acid
codon
located on the base of the tRNA molecule and temprarily binds to the mRNA strand
Anticodon
what does tRNA bring with it
amino acid
what holds the amino acid in olace when the tRNA molecule leaves
ribosome
amino acids are then attached together by what
peptide bonds
ribosomes move down the mRNA strand until it reaches what
a stop codon
amino acids begin to what as the ribosome moves
fold
how many ribosomes can be an each mRNA strand at once
MANY
What is the start symbol and what does it also mean
AUG also means Met
What are the stops symbols
UAA
UAG
UGA