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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the adjustment of the lens of the eye for focusing on abjects at various distances
the portion of the nervous system that controls such unconscious functions as the activities of the heart, other visceral organs, and various glands
autonomic nervous system
the point of the retina of the eye where the optic nerve leaves the eyeball, at which there are no light-sensitive cells to receive visual messages
blind spot
the tightly sealed walls of capillaries in the central nervous system that prevent harmful substances and pathogenic microorganisms from entering the brain or cerebrospinal fluid
blood-brain barrier
the outer layer of the cerebrum
cerebral cortex
the fluid that occupies the ventricles of the brain, the subarachnoid space of the meninges, and the central canal of the spinal cord; serves to protect and nourish brain and spinal tissue
cerebrospinal fluid
the portion of the brain that occupies the upper part of the cranial cavity and is responsible for thought, memory, and learned behavior
tha part of the brain that lies behind the brain stem and just below the occipital lobe of the cerebrum; primary function is to coordinate skeletal muscle activity
the base of the brain, consisting of the midbrain, pons, and meulla oblongata
brain stem
a prolonged state of unconsciouness
a period of paralysis of the central nervous system accompanied by a short period of unconsciousness (usually less than five minutes and rarely more than ten minutes and rarely more than ten minutes) caused by a blow to the head
the transport front portion of the outer layer of the eyeball
a measurement of the relative intensity or loudness of a sound
a tough, tightly stretched membrane of skin in the ear that detects sound vibrations and transmits them by means of special bones to the cochlea
the snail-shaped portion of the inner ear that contains the sensory receptors for the sense of hearing
a condition in which the pressure of the fluid inside the eye becomes higherthan normal
the colored portion of the uvea at the fron of the eye that regulates the size of the pupil
the front portion of the choroid of the eye that contains the ciliary muscles and adjusts the curvature of the lens for focusing
ciliary body
a layer of connective tissue of the eye that is rich in blood vessels and provides the eye with nourishment; considered part of the uvea
the transparent, convex structure of the eye, behind the iris, that adjusts the focus of light rays passing through it; responsible for accommodation
the opening in the iris through which light enters the eye
a group of several structures located at the core of the brain that are thought to coordinate the activity of the different parts of the brain and seem to be important in generating and regulation emotions and desires
limbic system
the lowest part of the brain stem, located between the pons and the spinal cord, whose nerve centers control such vital functions as breathing and heartbeat
medulla oblongata
a triple layer of tissues that covers and protects the brain and spinal cord
a physician who specializes in disorders of the nervous system
a biologist who speicalizes in the study of the nervous system
a quick, automatic response to a stimulus in which the reve impulse bypasses the brain
a period of sleep characterized by small, fast brain waves similar to those of an awake person, accompanied by repid eye movements as thought watching the events of a dream
REM sleep
rapid eye movement sleep
the substance in rod cells that detects light; consists of a moelcule derived from vitamin A suspended in a protein framework; also known as visual purple
visual receptor cells located in the eye that are responsible for night vision; also called rods
rod cells
visual receptor cells located in the retina of the eye that are responsible for color vision; also called cones
cone cells
special glial cells that wrap around nerve-cell axons in peripheral nerves, providing them with layers of myelin sheathing that acts much like the insulation on an electrical wire
Schwann cell
the tough, white outer layer of the eye
the pigmented, vascular layer of the eye, consisting of the choroid, ciliary body, and iris
the light-sensitive layer of the eye
partial or complete hearing loss resulting from repeated or prolonged exposure to excessively loud sounds
sensorineural deafness
a serious injury of the nervous system that results when part of the brain is deprived of blood as a result of a blockage or rupture in a blood vessel
the pairing of homologous somes in the early stages of meiosis
chemoreceptors on the tongue responsible for th sense of taste
taste buds
a buzzing or ringing in the ears that occurs without any external stimulus; often results from inner-ear damage caused by excessive exposure to loud noises
a neck injury characterized by pain, muscle spasm, and limited motion of the neck, caused by injury to the spinal nerves that protrude from the cervical vertebrae