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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a pair of endocrine glands located on the tops of the kidneys that produce a variety of essential hormones
adrenal glands
a hormonal disease which can result from a shortage of the hormone insulin, characterized by the body's inability to properly regulate glucose levels in the blood
diabetes mellitus
the process by which smaller molecules are separated from larger ones in a liquid through a selectively permeable membrane
the body system that includes all the glands that secrete chemical messengers (hormones) into the bloodstream
endocrine system
hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla that stimulates reactions needed in an emergency, such as increased heart rate and blood sugar levels; also known as adrenaline
epinephrine (adrendaline)
one of many microscopic, round, sievelike structures with int the kidney that consists of a cluster of capillaries with perforated walls; helps the kidney to filter dissolved substances from the blood
a reproductive organ
the maintining of a stable internal environment bya cell or organism
chemicals produced by living things to control or stimulte specific internal processes; chemical messengers
the body system consisting of the skin and the various glands assiciated with it
integumentary system
clusters of endocrine gland cells in the pancreas that secrete the hormones insulin and glucagon
islets of Langerhans
one of the paired reddish organs located on either side of the abdominal cavity that removes metabolic wastes from the blood and concentrates them as urine
a bronwish-black pigment that is the main pigment responsible for skin color
a tough, flexible, waterproof protein found in the epidermis, hair, and nails
the structural and functional units of the kidney, each consisting of a glomerulus, a Bowman's capsule, a renal tubule, and a network of capillaries