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15 Cards in this Set

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How is imprinting different from other types of learned behavior?
Imprinting takes place during a specific period of an animal’s life. Other learned behaviors may develop later.
Compare and contrast trial-and-error learning and insight. Give an example of each.
In trial-and-error learning, an animal tries different options while obtaining a reward for choosing a particular one. Learning to ride a bicycle is done by trial and error. Insight is learning while using previous experience in a new situation. Learning math uses insight.
Explain by example the difference between trial-and-error learning and classical conditioning.
You learn to ride a bicycle by trial-and-error learning; an animal may be classically conditioned to the sound of a can opener to know that its going to get food.
What is the difference between communication and language?
Communication is an exchange of information resulting in a change of behavior, whereas language is the use of symbols to represent ideas.
How does an animal become habituated to a stimulus?
Habituation occurs when an animal has been repeatedly given a stimulus not associated with punishment or reward and it no longer responds to the stimulus
How does learning have survival value in a changing environment? Explain your answer by using an example from your daily life.
Behavior can be modified to deal with a changing environment.
Two dog trainers teach dogs to do tricks. One trainer gives her dog a food treat whenever the dog correctly performs the trick. The other trainer does not use treats. Which trainer will be more successful at dog training? Why?
The dog will be more easily trained if it is rewarded when it responds correctly. The other dog will not want to do it as much because its not getting rewarded or punished (habituation).
learned behavior that occurs when an animal is repeatedly given a stimulus not associated with any punishment or reward.
habituation
learned behavior in which an animal, at a specific critical time of its life, forms a social attachment to another object; usually occurs early in life and allows an animal to recognize its mother and others of its species.
imprinting
type of learning in which an animal receives a reward for making a particular response.
trail-and-error learning
internal need that causes an animal to act and that is necessary for learning to take place; often involves hunger or thirst.
motivation
learning by association.
classical conditioning
type of learning in which an animal uses previous experiences to respond to a new situation.
insight
exchange of information that results in a change of behavior.
communication
use of symbols to represent ideas; usually present in animals with complex nervous systems, memory, and insight.
language