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17 Cards in this Set

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anything an animal does in response to a stimulus in its environment.
behavior
an inherited behavior in animals; includes automatic responses and instinctive behaviors.
innate hehavior
simple, automatic response in an animal that involves no conscious control; usually acts to protect an animal from serious injury.
reflex
automatic response controlled by hormones that prepares the body to either fight or run from danger
fight-or-flight responses
complex innate behavior pattern that begins when an animal recognizes a stimulus and continues until all parts of the behavior have been performed.
instinct
an instinctive behavior that males and females of a species carry out before mating.
courship behavior
physical space an animal defends against other members of its species; may contain an animal's breeding area, feeding area, potential mates, or all three.
territory
innate behavior used to intimidate another animal of the same species in order to defend young, territory, or resources.
agrressive behavior
innate behavior by which animals form a social ranking within a group in which some individuals are more subordinate than others; usually has one top-ranking individual.
domiance hiearchy
innate behavior based on the 24-hour cycle of the day; light-regulated; may determine when an animal sleeps and wakes.
circadian rhythm
instinctive seasonal movements of animals from place to place.
migration
state of reduced metabolism occurring in animals that sleep during parts of cold winter months; an animal's temperature drops, oxygen consumption decreases, and breathing rate declines.
hibernation
state of reduced metabolism that occurs in animals living in conditions of intense heat.
estivation
How is a reflex different from an instinct?
reflex is a simple physical response to a stimulus. An instinct is a complex pattern of innate behavior.
Explain by example two types of innate behavior.
Courtship rituals in birds and migration in salmon have innate behavior components
Explain behaviors that reduce competition.
dominance hierarchy; symbolic aggressive behavior; territoriality
How is innate behavior an advantage to a species in which the young normally hatch after the mother has left?
Innate behaviors will enable the young to survive. They won't need their mothers to learn how to do certain things for survival.