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20 Cards in this Set

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What occurs underground between the time a basidiospore germinates and a mushroom button forms?
The hyphae of opposite mating types fuse and form a mycelium. Eventually, the mycelium forms a compact mass called a button.
Explain how the deuteromycotes differ from members of the other divisions of fungi. Explain how they are all similar.
Deuteromycotes have no known means of reproducing sexually. They share the same characteristics of other fungi such as chitinous cell walls and being heterotrophs.
Who are the partners in a mycorrhizae? Describe how each partner benefits in a mycorrhizal relationship
Fungus and a plant. Plant gets nutrients and water from the fungus, and the fungus gets excess food from plant
How does a hyphae called a stolon differ from a rhizoid?
A stolon grows on a food’s surface; a rhizoid invades a food source
How might you use lichens to collect data and determine the level of air pollution?
Lichens need clean air to survive. If there is a lot of pollution in the air, they will die. The more lichens there are, the less pollution.
Contrast What are the similarities and differences between the fungal reproductive structures, ascospores and conidiophores?
Both are spores used by Ascomycota for reproduction. Ascospores are sexual, Conidia are asexual.
fungal hyphae that grow horizontally along a surface and rapidly produce a mycelium.
Stolon
fungal hyphae that penetrate food and anchor a mycelium; use enzymes for extracellular digestion and absorb nutrients.
rhizoids
thick-walled spores of zygomycotes that can withstand unfavorable conditions; used as survival mechanism
zygospore
structure that contains a haploid nucleus; formed by the fusion of haploid hyphae.
gametangium
tiny, saclike structures in ascomycotes in which ascospores develop.
ascus
sexual spores of ascomycote fungi that develop within an ascus.
ascospore
in ascomycetes, elongated, upright hyphae that produce conidia at their tips.
conidiophore
chains or clusters of asexual ascomycote spores that develop on the tips of conidiophores
conidia
club-shaped hyphae of basidiomycote fungi that produce spores.
basidia
spores produced in the basidia of basidiomycotes during sexual reproduction.
basidiospore
mutualistic relationship in which a fungus lives symbiotically with a plant.
mycorrhiza
organism formed from a relationship between a fungus and a photosynthetic green alga or cyanobacteria.
lichen
What root word is part of the names of all fungi phyla?
mycota
Name the four phyla of fungi
BADZ - Basidiomycota, Ascomycota, Deuteromycota, Zygomycota