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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What occurs underground between the time a basidiospore germinates and a mushroom button forms?
The hyphae of opposite mating types fuse and form a mycelium. Eventually, the mycelium forms a compact mass called a button.
Explain how the deuteromycotes differ from members of the other divisions of fungi. Explain how they are all similar.
Deuteromycotes have no known means of reproducing sexually. They share the same characteristics of other fungi such as chitinous cell walls and being heterotrophs.
Who are the partners in a mycorrhizae? Describe how each partner benefits in a mycorrhizal relationship
Fungus and a plant. Plant gets nutrients and water from the fungus, and the fungus gets excess food from plant
How does a hyphae called a stolon differ from a rhizoid?
A stolon grows on a food’s surface; a rhizoid invades a food source
How might you use lichens to collect data and determine the level of air pollution?
Lichens need clean air to survive. If there is a lot of pollution in the air, they will die. The more lichens there are, the less pollution.
Contrast What are the similarities and differences between the fungal reproductive structures, ascospores and conidiophores?
Both are spores used by Ascomycota for reproduction. Ascospores are sexual, Conidia are asexual.
fungal hyphae that grow horizontally along a surface and rapidly produce a mycelium.
fungal hyphae that penetrate food and anchor a mycelium; use enzymes for extracellular digestion and absorb nutrients.
thick-walled spores of zygomycotes that can withstand unfavorable conditions; used as survival mechanism
structure that contains a haploid nucleus; formed by the fusion of haploid hyphae.
tiny, saclike structures in ascomycotes in which ascospores develop.
sexual spores of ascomycote fungi that develop within an ascus.
in ascomycetes, elongated, upright hyphae that produce conidia at their tips.
chains or clusters of asexual ascomycote spores that develop on the tips of conidiophores
club-shaped hyphae of basidiomycote fungi that produce spores.
spores produced in the basidia of basidiomycotes during sexual reproduction.
mutualistic relationship in which a fungus lives symbiotically with a plant.
organism formed from a relationship between a fungus and a photosynthetic green alga or cyanobacteria.
What root word is part of the names of all fungi phyla?
Name the four phyla of fungi
BADZ - Basidiomycota, Ascomycota, Deuteromycota, Zygomycota