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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
First Cell, Simple, Oldest type of life. No Nucleus.May not need, Bacteria and Archaea
Prokaryotic Cell
Within membrane - Has a nucleus, usually larger, multicellular,true cell, Needs Oxygen
ie.,animals, fungi, plants
Eukaryotic Cell
Center of cell, found ONLY in eukaryotic cells only, Largest organelle contains the cells genetic material (DNA)
Protein mosaic model of lipids and protein. Mostly phosopholids. Outside hydrophillic head (likes water), hydrophonic tail (dislikes water), bilayer
Plasma Membrane/Cell Membrane
Contains transport, cell signaling proteins, Involved in enzymatic activity, transport and cell-cell recognition.
Selective Permeable Membrane
(cell membrane)
mostly inside of cell nucleus in eukaryotic cells separated by a nuclear envelope not separate In prokaryotic cell. nucleic acid that contains genetic instructions to produce proteins.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid.
Organelle that manufactures proteins that are later exported. Translates mRNA. Sits of the rough ER. Master control of cell.
Makes proteins that bud off in vesicles to go to specific regions of the cell
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Rough ER
Manufactures steroids, lipids and detoxifies drugs, poisons and toxins.
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
It receives, refines, stores and modifies proteins from the Endoplasmic Reticulum (E.R.)
Organelle that breaks down proteins, polysaccarides, fats and nucleic acids. Contains digestive enzymes. Destroys harmful bacteria.
membraneous sacs that bud from ER, golgi., and plasma membrane.,May store food, water, waste
Site of photosysthesis in plants. Conversion of sunlight into energy
Site of cellular respiration in eukaryotic cells. Conversion of food in energy -Produces ATP
template for translation of genes into proteins, transfering amino acids to the ribosome to form proteins and also translating the transcript into proteins
Ribonucleic Acid