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57 Cards in this Set

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Domain Eukarya contains which Kingdoms?
Plantae, Fungi, Lichen
What are the general characteristics of Kingdom Plantae?
Eukaryotic
Multicellar
Photosynthetic autotrophs
Chlorophylls A & B, Carotenoids
Stores gluclose as starch
cell walls made of cellulose
Kingdom Plantae
- Phylum Bryophta..is commonly know as???
Mosses... Haploid dominate,flagellated sperm, no vascular tissue
-Spore bearing seedless
Phylum Hepatophyta....
Liverworts
Reproduces sexually
p. Anthocerophyta
Hornworts
-Closely related to vascular plants
Ph. Lycophyta
Club mosses
-Vascular Spore bearing Seedless plants
-True leaves
Ph. Pterophyta
Ferns, whisk ferns, horsetails

-Has Rhizomes from which roots and leaves grow
Vascular seed bearing plants...
-no need for water for sperm to transport
-Sporophyte is dominate stage of life cycle
Ph. Coniferophyta
Pines, firs, spruce, Cedars
-Are woody and bear cones
- usually in cooler climates
-Leaves are modified
Ph. Cycadophta
Cycads
-Resembles palms but isnt
Ph. Ginkgophyta
Gingko
-sheds leaves unlike most other gymnospermms
Ph. Gnetophyta
Gnetophytes
-Mormon tea and ephedra
Angiosperms (Flowering plants)

What are some of the commoon features?
Divided into 2 classes:Monocots and Dicots
-Double ferti.
-Xylem has vessel elements
Flowering parts of an angiosperm...
Sepal??
green leaves that enclose the bud
Petals:
colored leaves
Carpel..
flowering part of the flower (has 3 part)
Stigma...
top portion of the carpel
Stigma...
portion of the carpel that lies between the stigma and ovary
Ovary...
portion of the carpel that contains the ovules
Stamen...
male part ( 2 parts)
Anther...
terminla part of the stamen
produces pollen
filament...
stalk-like portion of the stamen
Ph Anthophyta...
Flowering plants
Ph Anthophyta
-Class Monocotyledonae..
-Class Dicotyledonae..
Know the differences
Monocot Dicot
Cotyledon 1 2
leaf vent. parllel net like
flower parts:X 3's 4 or 5's
Monocots...
Grasses, grains, coconut palms, lilies, and orchids
Dicots...
oak, roses, apples, kudzu, dogwoods, beans, poison oak
.Fruit types....
Multiple-
pineapple, mulberry, fig
Fruit types...
Pome-
appple, pear
Fruit types...
Drupe-
cherry, peach, plum,coconut, almond, olive
Fruit types...
Legume....
green beans, peas, soybeans, peanuts
Fruit types...
Hespiridium-
orange, lemons, limes, grapefruit
Fruit types...
Pepo-
squash, cucumber, watermelon
Fruit types...
Nut-
oak, hickory
Kingdom Fungi
Characteristics..
Eukaryotic
Absorptive hetertrophs
Haploid stage dominate
cell wall made of chitin
Multicellular (except yeast)
Rhizoids (rootlike anchoring hyphae to substrate)
Coenocytic (multi nucleated)
Asexual Reproduction by spores
Sex. reproduction when enviroment conditions change
Ph. Zygomycota...
Bread molds
Coenocytic
Ph. Ascomycota...
Sac-cup fungi
Ph. Basidiomycota...
Club fungi
-imperfect fungi-toadstools, shrooms, smuts, rusts, puffs
Ph. Deuteromycota...
imperfect fungi
Lichen...
symbiotic relationship between a fungus and cyanobacteria or green algae
Kingdom Animalia...
General characteristics
Eukaryotic
heterotrophic
Carb storage : Glycogen
sexual reproduction
No cell wall
Kingdom Animalia...
2 sub kingdoms
Parazoa:
Eumetazoa:
Sponges
all other animals
Ph. Porifera...
(to bear pores)
No tissues
no organ systems.
Sac type body plan
Asymmetrical
Filterfeeds
Ph. Porifera...
Class Calcarea...
stick looking calicum carbonate
Ph. Porifera...
Class Hexactinellida...
Glass looking
Silica spicules
Ph. Porifera...
Class Demospongiae...
bath sponge

Spongin spicules
Sub-Kingdom Eumetazoa has what type of animals in it?
all animals except sponges
Ph. Cnidaria-
What animal is it?
Jellyfish
Ph. Cnidaria-
What are the characteristics?
Radial symmetry,nerve nets,Gastrovascular cavity, digestion is extracellar, Cnidocytes(thing that sting you)
Ph. Cnidaria-
Class Hydrozoa-what is it and where does it live?
it is a water animal.Hydra only exist in fresh water,Polyp is main stage of life cycle, medusa is used for sex. reproduction.
Ph. Cnidaria-
Cl. Scyphozoa? What is this animal?
True jellyfish
Ph. Cnidaria-
Cl. Anthozoa-What is this animal?
coral and sea anemones
Ph. Ctenophora-what is it and some characteristics?
Comb jellie, Radial symmetry,tissue level organiztion, all marine
Ph. Platyhelminthes-
Flatworms
Ph. Platyhelminthes-
Class Turbellaria
Planaria- has eyespots
Ph. Platyhelminthes
Cl. Trematoda-
Flukes-All are parasitic
Ph. Platyhelminthes
Cl. Cestoda-
Tapeworms- Characteristics?
Head is called scolex, repeated packets of sex organs
Ph Rotifera- What is it and characteristics?
Rotifers. "Wheel animals". Grinding organ called mastax,oragn present,bilateral symmetry,3 germ layers,tube in tube body, complete digestive tract