Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/30

Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
The process by which an organism keeps its internal conditions relatively stable.
What is Homeostasis?
Homeo means equal & stasis means state of or "a state of being equal
The first cells with internal compartments evolved >1.5 million yrs. ago having a nucleolus, organelles & cilia.
What are Eukaryotes?
Greek Karyotos means "nuts" or a symbol for nucleus
German physician who discovered all cells come from preexisting cells.
Who was Rudolph Virchow?
cell replication = growth
German zoologist who claimed that all animals are made from preexisting cells.
Who was Theodore Schwann?
pioneer pathologist
The process by which an organism keeps its internal conditions relatively stable.
What is Homeostasis?
Homeo means equal & stasis means state of or "a state of being equal
The first cells with internal compartments evolved >1.5 million yrs. ago having a nucleolus, organelles & cilia.
What are Eukaryotes?
Greek Karyotos means "nuts" or a symbol for nucleus
German Botanist who discovered all plant parts are made of cells.
Who was Mattia Schleiden?
pioneer of cell theory
A form of chemical energy that is used by a cell to carry out life processes.
What is ATP (adenosine triphosphate)?
Conversion to ADP supplies energy to the cell
German physician who discovered all cells come from preexisting cells.
Who was Rudolph Virchow?
cell replication = growth
German zoologist who claimed that all animals are made from preexisting cells.
Who was Theodore Schwann?
pioneer pathologist
The first cells on Earth evolved > 3.5 billion yrs. ago but couldn't make their own food or use oxygen.
What were Prokaryotes?
cellular organism whose nucleus has no limiting membrane, ex. bacterium or blue-green alga.
German Botanist who discovered all plant parts are made of cells.
Who was Mattia Schleiden?
pioneer of cell theory
The movement of a substance from a crowded area to an area less crowded.
What is Diffusion?
mixing of molecules of 2 or more elements by thermal motion
A form of chemical energy that is used by a cell to carry out life processes.
What is ATP (adenosine triphosphate)?
Conversion to ADP supplies energy to the cell
A substance in chloroplasts that absorbs energy.
What is Chlorophyll?
group of related green pigments found in photosythetic organisms.
The process by which plant cells use Carbon Dioxide, water, and light energy to make food.
What is Photosynthesis?
COx + light yields sugar & energy.
The first cells on Earth evolved > 3.5 billion yrs. ago but couldn't make their own food or use oxygen.
What were Prokaryotes?
cellular organism whose nucleus has no limiting membrane, ex. bacterium or blue-green alga.
Having tiny pores/holes that let some nutrients into cell while wastes are expelled.
What is Semipermeable?
Semi means half and permeable means to pass through.
The movement of a substance from a crowded area to an area less crowded.
What is Diffusion?
mixing of molecules of 2 or more elements by thermal motion
A substance in chloroplasts that absorbs energy.
What is Chlorophyll?
group of related green pigments found in photosythetic organisms.
The process by which cells release energy from food.
What is Cellular Respiration?
an organism takes in CO2 and releases Oxygen.
The process by which plant cells use Carbon Dioxide, water, and light energy to make food.
What is Photosynthesis?
COx + light yields sugar & energy.
The movement of water across a cell membrane.
What is Osmosis?
water equalizing on both sides of a cell membrane.
Having tiny pores/holes that let some nutrients into cell while wastes are expelled.
What is Semipermeable?
Semi means half and permeable means to pass through.
The movement of materials through the cell membrane by using energy.
What is Active Transport?
movement by power
The process by which cells release energy from food.
What is Cellular Respiration?
an organism takes in CO2 and releases Oxygen.
the movement of materials through the cell membrane without using energy.
What is Passive Transport?
movement without power
The movement of water across a cell membrane.
What is Osmosis?
water equalizing on both sides of a cell membrane.
The movement of materials through the cell membrane by using energy.
What is Active Transport?
movement by power
the movement of materials through the cell membrane without using energy.
What is Passive Transport?
movement without power