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49 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
phylum that moves by cilia
ciliophora
and example of a protist in the ciliophora phylum
Paramecium
what does free living mean?
the dont exiswt as a parasite or sybionites
what are cilia?
short hairlike projection used for feeding and movement.
Name the phylum that are non mobile parasites.
sporozoa
Give an example of a protist in the sporoza phylum.
plasmodium vivax
Name the phylum that move by pseudopodia
sarcodina
what are pseudopodia?
via temporary cytoplasmic projections used for movement.
function of the food vacuole?
temporarily stores food
name the phylum of hte heterotrophic protist that moves by flagella
zooflagellates
what are flagella?
long whiplike projections that allow a cell to move
heterotrophic portists are classified according to what?
movement
what phylum contains diatoms?
baciliophyta
what color is baciliophyta?
gold
what phylum contains dinoflagellates
pyrrophyta
what substance do pyrrophyta sometimes secrete that can be harmful
nerve toxins
whats another word for glow?
lumniscent
What phylum contains cellular slime molds?
acrasiomycota
what phylum can be both heterotrophic and autotrophic?
euglenophyta
whats an example of a protist in euglenophyta phylum?
euglena
what is the eyespot used for in this protist?
sense light
name the phylum that contain plasmodium a mass of dense cytoplsm with many nuclei and no cell walls.
myxomycota
name three forms that algae may take.
unicellular, muilticellular, filaments
name the phylum that cotains green algae
chlorophyta
algae produce what % of the oxygen on the earth?
50%
cellulose is found in what cell organeele of the algae?
cell walls
agar is made from the algae in what phylum?
red algae; rhodophyta
name the two examples from the phylum Phaeophyta
sargassum (sea weed) and kelp, and fucus
fungi are classified according to what?
reproductive structure
list 4 examples of fungi.
mold, mildew, mushroom, yeast, rhizopus, and sac fungi
scince some fungi obtain food from dead organisms they are referred to as
decomposers
do fungi digest internally or externally?
externally
all fungi cannot make thier food so they are
heterotrophs
mushrooms are in what phylum?
bisidiamycota
a circle of mushrooms are called
fairy rings
fermentation of yeast cells results in the production of
alcohol
fungi that cause ringworm are in what phylum?
deutermycota
a tangled mass of filaments of the fungi is called
mycelium
tiny individual filaments that make up mycelium are..
hyphae
to what fungi phylum do yeast belong?
ascomycota
ascomycota aka...
sac fungi
to what phylum does bread mold, RHIZOPUS STOLONIFER belong?
zygomycota
to what phylum do water molds belong?
oomycota
Where are water molds found besides in the water
air, damp places, potatoes
lichen are made up of ____ and ________.
fungus and photosynthetic organisms (algae)
algae provide ____ for the fungus
food
Fungi provide ____for the algae
water
why are lichen the fist organsims to enter a barren environment?
extremely resistant to drought and cold, breakdown rocks
lichen is an exampl of what type of relationship?
symbiotic