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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Monera kingdom
prokaryotic
unicellular
includea all bacteria
size
tenth of one of our cells 1-10 um
reproduction of bacteria
asexual
bianry fission
dna replication and division of cell
sexual reproduction
conjugation
coming together via a pilas
distinguishing charachterisics of bacteria
shape
spherical-coccus
rod-bacillus
spiral-spirillum
the way that they bunch together
in pairs- diplo
ex diplococcus
in clumps
staphylo
ex. staphylococcus
long chains
strepto
ex. streptococcus
type of cell wall surrounding it
gram +
gram -
movement
non motile
can be moved through air touching
motile via flagellum
how they respire
obligate aerobes
must use oxygen
obligate anaerobes
must do anaerobi respiration
facultative anarobe
can do whatever it wnats this is the best kind can survive any where
endospore
some bacteria can produce this
forms around the dna an d some of the cytoplasm
what does it do
it protects the bacteria from harsh conditons
cpasule
some bacteria are surrouded by this it is an outer protective covering
more distinguishing charachteristics
ability to lyse red blood cells
temperatures at which bacteria grow best
the sugars that they are able to ferment or breakdown
glucose lactose fructose sucrose
charahcteristics
whether or not bacteria are heteerotrophic or autotrophic
cyanobacteria