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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Frogs belong to this class of animals
Amphibia
A female has 2 X chromosomes. Which two chromosomes does a male have?
XY
Cellular respiration takes place in which cell organelle?
Mitochondrion
Which word describes the chemical reactions which take place in a body?
Metabolism
A _______ is a unit of inherited material that represents a small percent of a chromosome.
Gene
This part of the red blood cell carries oxygen
Haemoglobin
The time in a persons life in which secondary sexual characteristics develop and the individual becomes sexually mature
Puberty
The straw coloured liquid found in vertebrate blood is about 90% water.
Plasma
A ____________ is anything that can affect the results of an experiment
Variable
Located in the nucleus of a cell, these structures carry information that determines the characteristics of the individual organism
Chromosomes
A, B, AB and _____ are the four major human blood types
O
What term is used to describe an automatic response by an animal to a stimulus
Reflex
Is the fertilisation of amphibian eggs an internal or external process
External
What condition occurs if too little insulin is produced by the pancreas and an excess of sugar builds up in the blood
Diabetes
What do platelets do?
Cause the blood to clot
An intracellular parasite in both plants and animals, made up of a nucleic acid (RNA or DNA) wrapped in a protein coat. Causes disease.
Virus
A disease causing organism is called a _________
Pathogen
Lower jaw of a vertebrate
Mandible
Symmetry in which an object can be halved in one plane to form 2 mirror images.
Bilateral Symmetry
This body system is made up of the heart, blood vessels, and blood.
Circulatory
This body system collects information from the surroundings and causes the body to respond.
Nervous
In ecosystems, many food chains combine and overlap to form a food_______ .
Web
What is the scientific name for modern humans?
Homo sapiens
Humans are members of the class ________ .
Mammalia (mammals)
What is the name for a young kangaroo?
Joey
On which scale is the freezing point of water 32 degrees?
Fahrenheit
Which live mainly on land turtles or tortoises?
Tortoises
The joining together of sperm and egg cells.
Fertilisation
Are birds warm blooded or cold blooded?
Warm-blooded
Are reptiles warm blooded or cold blooded?
Cold blooded
These vessels carry blood towards the heart.
Veins
Are fish warm blooded or cold blooded
Cold blooded
This is a process of deep sleep where metabolic processes are slow and body temperature falls
Hibernation
What are the respiratory organs in a fish
Gills
This word describes the outer layer of skin of vertebrates
Epidermis
This human body system is made up of the lungs, bronchi, and trachea.
Respiratory
The boiling point of water is 100 degrees on which scale
Celsius (centigrade)