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54 Cards in this Set

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sporangia
structures on moss gametophyte in which spores are produced
sporophyte generation in mosses produces spores by ____
meiosis
archegonia
structure in which liverworts and mosses produces eggs.
ferns require ______ for fertilization.
water
both ____ and _____ produce spores.
ferns , mosses
monocots have ____ leaves
parallel
monoCOTs and diCOTs are classified according to the number of ______
cotolyedons
pistol
female part of a flower
give 3 examples of plants that have SPORE CAPSULES
mosses hornworts and liverworts
liverworts,hornwarts,mosses : nonvascular plants :: gymnosperms and angiosperms : ___________
vascular plants
vascular plants : sporophytes :: nonvascular plants : _________
gametophytes
ANTHERidia:sperm :: archegonia:_________
eggs
gymnosperms:naked seeds :: angiosperms:__________
enclosed seeds
cuticle
waxy protective covering of a land plant
vascular tissue
internal system of interconnected tubes and vessels
sporophyte
diploid form in a plants life cycle
gametophyte
hapliod form in a plants life cycle
alternation of generations
haploid stage followed by a diploid stage
seed coat
protects seed from drying out
flowers help ensure the transfer of gametes by :
1.________
2.________
3.________
1.bursting open and protecting gametes

2.animals carrying pollen

3.air currents
a flower is a _________ structure
reproductive
what is the dominant generation in vascular plants?
sporophyte
xylem
transport water and minerals
approxamatly 90% of all living plants are _______.
angiosperms
name 2 divisons of angiosperms.
monocots and dicots
unlike mosses, ferns possess ______ _______.
vascular tissue
seeds of monocots have ____ embryo and ___ cotyledon
1 , 1
cotyledons are part of the ________.
gametophyte
embryo
partailly developed plant found inside seeds
pollination
process of moving pollen from a male cone to a female cone in gymnosperms.
name 3 examples of gymosperms.
pine , spruces , firs
anther
where pollen is produced
if plants flowers are colorful and produce nectar the plant is pollinated by ______.
insects
root cap
protects the growing root tip
transperation
loss of water by leaves and stem of plants
guard cells that surround the stoma swell with water causing ____________________________________.
the stoma to open
translocation
transportation of food from leaf to the rest of he plant
shoot
the part of the plant that grows mostly upward
the production of offspring genetically identical to the parent plant is the result of _________________________.
asexual reproduction
plant propagation
growing new plants from seeds or from vegitative parts
xylem
tissue that conducts water and is made of elongated cells that connect end to end
phloem
tissue that transports sugars from regions where that are made to where they are used
sieve cells
conducting cells of phloem
mesophyll
ground tissue in plants which is made up of chloroplast-rich cells
give example of a tap root
carrot
simple leaves
leaves with a undivided blade
root hairs
absorb water and minerals
name 3 challenges of early land plants
1. reproduction on land
2.conserving water
3.absorbing minerals from rocky surfaces
name 3 functions of fruit produced by angiosperms.
1.protection
2.food
3.dispersing seeds
name 3 nonvascular plants
1.liverworts
2.hornworts
3.mosses
name some things we use plants for
1.food
2.textiles
3.timber
name 2 things that make up the veins of a leaf.
xylem and phloem
female parts of flower
(pistol)
stigma , style , ovary
male parts of flower
(stamen)
anther , filament pollen