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88 Cards in this Set

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Hepatophyta
the liverworts
Anthocerophyta
the hornworts
Bryophyta
the mosses
no vascular tissue or wood
Lycophyta
The seedless vascular plants
club mosses, spike mosses and quillworts
Pterophyta
ferns, horsetails, whiskferns
classified by location of their sporangia
Spermatophytes
seed-producing plants
Gymnosperms
Naked-seeded plants
Cycadophyta
the Cyads
crown of large compound leaves and a stout trunk
Ginkgophyta
maidenhair trees
Coniferophyta
the Confiers
Pine trees
Gnetophyta
the gnetophytes
Angiosperms
Flowering plants
Anthophyta
Magnoliophyta; (Magnolia is the most primitive of all flowering plants
Dicotyledonae
dicots-paraphyletic
-leaf veins form a network
-flower parts in multiples of four or five
-central taproot with side-branching roots
-vascular tissue arranged in rings in stem and root
Monocotyledonae
(monocots - a monophyletic lineage branched from one of the many dicot taxa)
-leaf veins are parallel
-flower parts in multiples of three
-fibrous roots; no central taproot
-vascular tissue arranged in discrete bundles in stem and root
mycelium
body of fungus
hyphae
thread like structures of which the mycelium is composed of
thallus
another term for the mycelium
spore
haploid propagule produced via meiosis
sporangium
stucutre within whicih spores are produced(either sexually or asexually, depending on life cycle stage)
saprobic fungus
absorptive heterotroph that feeds on dead, organic matter. such a fungus is said to be a "aprobe"
parasitic fungus
absorptive heterotroph that feeds on living matter
Chytridiomycota
the chytrids
-most are aquatic suggesting an aquatic origin of Kingdom fungi
-some are saprobes, others are parasites of protists, plants and aquatic invertbrates
-like all fungi, they have chitin in the cell walls
-one abberant group of chytrids has cellulose in the cell walls--UNIQUE among fungi
-they have flagellated gametes(zoospores) -- a PRIMITIVE character not shared by any other true fungi
-Molecular data support the link between chytridsd and other fungal taxa.
Zygomycota
the black bread molds
-reproduction is via fusion (plasmogamy) of + and - hyphae
Ascomycota
Sac fungi
Basdiomycota
the club fungi
Deuteromycota
asexual fungi
Porifera
the Sponges
Radiata
Cnidaria
Bilateria
Platyhelmithes - the flatworms
Lophophorates
linked by the lophore feeding apparatus
Phoronida
the horshoe worms
brachiopoda
the lamp shells
bryozoa
the moss animals
the Trochozoans
Linked by trochophore larva
2mollusca
the mollusks
annelida
the segmented worms
nemertea
the ribbion worms
sipuncula
the peanut worms
echiura
the spoon worms
Phylum Annelida
Polychaeta
marine segemnted worms
Phylum Annelida
Oligochaeta
Earth worms and allies
Phylum Annelida
Hirudinea
Leeches
Phylum Mollusca
HAM
Hypothetical Ancestral Mollusk
Phylum Mollusca
Polyplacophora
Chitons
Phylum Mollusca
Gastropoda
Slugs and Snails
Phylum Mollusca
Bivalvia
Clams, oysters, mussels, etc
Phylum Mollusca
Cephalopoda
Chambered nautilis, squid, octopus
Phylum Rotifera
the Wheel Animalcules
Phylum Arthropoda
the joint-footed animals
Phylum Arthropoda
subphylum trilobitomorpha
Trilobites (all extinct)
Phylum Arthropoda
Subphylum onychophora
the velvet worms
Phylum Arthropoda
Subphylum Cheliceriformes
The chelicrates
Phylum Arthropoda
Subphylum Uniramia
The insects and myriapods
Phylum Arthropoda
Subphylum Uniramia
Class Myriapoda
Subclass Chilopoda
The centipedes
Phylum Arthropoda
Subphylum Uniramia
Class Myriapoda
Subclass Diplopoda
the Millipedes
Phylum Arthropoda
Subphylum Uniramia
Class Insecta
the Insects
Phylum Arthropoda
Subphylum Uniramia
Class Insecta
Order Coleoptera
the beetles
Phylum Arthropoda
Subphylum Uniramia
Class Insecta
Order Diptera
Flies
Phylum Arthropoda
Subphylum Uniramia
Class Insecta
Order Hemiptera
true bugs
Phylum Arthropoda
Subphylum Uniramia
Class Insecta
Order Hymenoptera
bees, wasps, and ants
Phylum Arthropoda
Subphylum Uniramia
Class Insecta
Order Lepidoptera
Butterflies and moths
Phylum Arthropoda
Subphylum Uniramia
Class Insecta
Order Siphonaptera
fleas
Phylum Echinodermata
The spiny-skined animals
Phylum Echinodermata
Class Crinoidea
sea lilies
Phylum Echinodermata
Class Asteroidea
Sea stars
Phylum Echinodermata
Class Ophiuroidea
Brittle (or "Serpent") Stars
Phylum Echinodermata
Class echinoidea
Sea Urchins and Sand Dollars
Phylum Echinodermata
Class Holothuoidea
Sea Cucumbers
Phylum Hemichordata
The Acorn Worms
Phylum Chordata
the Chordates
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Urochordata
The Tunicates
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Cephalochordata
The Lancelets
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
The Vertebrates
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Agnatha
The jawless Fishes
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Agnatha
Order Myxini
The hagfishes
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Agnatha
Order Petromyzontiformes
The lampreys
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Gnathostomata
The jawed Vertebrates
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Gnathostomata
Order Chondrichthyes
The cartilagionous fishes
sharks, skates, rays
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Gnathostomata
Order Actinopterigii
The ray-finned fishes
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Gnathostomata
Amphibia
the Amphibians
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Gnathostomata
Amniota
The amniotes
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Gnathostomata
Amniota
Anapsida
Turtles and their realtives
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Gnathostomata
Amniota
Diapsida
Dinosaurs, Birds, Crocodillians, Snakes, and Lizards
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Gnathostomata
Amniota
Synapsida
Mammals
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Gnathostomata
Amniota
Synapsida
Mammalia
Monotremes
Egg-laying mammals (duck-billed Platypus and Echidna)
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Gnathostomata
Amniota
Synapsida
Mammalia
Marsupials
Pouched mammals
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Gnathostomata
Amniota
Synapsida
Mammalia
Eutherians
Placental mammals