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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Carbohydrates
-examples
-made of
glycogen, starch, sugars
monosaccharides
Proteins
-examples
-made of
-collagen, keratin
-amino acids
Monosacchaides
single sugars
Lipids
-examples
-made of
-fats, oils, waxes
-glycerol & 3 fatty acids
Sucrose
hexose sugar
Isotonic
same amount of H2O going in as out
Robert Hooke
first to call them "cells"
Rudolf Virchow
said "all cells come from existing cells"
Diffusion
process of molecules moving from high concentration to low concentration
Metabolism/Anabolism/Catabolism
-sum of all reactions in body
-"building up" of substances
-"braking down" of substances
Entomology
insects
Element
substance composed of only 1 type of atom
ex)gold, sodium, oxygen
Neurology/Psychology/Phrenology
-Brain
-Mind
-Bumps on head
Proton/Electron/Neutron
-in nucleus, +1, 1 amu
-outside nucleus, -1, 0amu
-in nucleus, 0, 1 amu
Covalent/Ionic Bonds
-sharing of electrons
-transfer of electrons
Nucleic Acids
-examples
-made of
-RNA, DNA
-nucleotides
Fatty Acids/Glycerol
-carboxyl group w/ chains

-compound w/ 3 hydrates of carbon
E shaped
Keratin
hair, nails

type of protein
R-group
????????????????
Microtubules/Microfilaments
-Components of the cytoskeleton composed of hollow cylindrical rods
Hypertonic
H2O is leaving cell
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
developed 1st microscope
Matthias Schleiden
"all plants made of cells"
Facilitated Diffusion
"diffusion w/ help"
ex)carrier proteins
Compound
mixture of different atoms
Ion
atom gains or loses last electron
Energy Levels
Level 1- 2 electrons
Level 2- 8 electrons
Level 3- 18 electrons
Nucleotides
The four chemical building blocks (Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine and Thymine) that make up DNA.
Collagen
skin
Cellulose
in plants
gives strength
made into paper
Ion
atom gains or loses last electron
Energy Levels
Level 1- 2 electrons
Level 2- 8 electrons
Level 3- 18 electrons
Nucleotides
The four chemical building blocks (Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine and Thymine) that make up DNA.
Collagen
skin protein
Cellulose
in plants
gives strength
made into paper
Carboxyl Group
C,O,OH in amino acid
Hypotonic
H20 moving into cell
Robert Brown
Saw "brown spot" which is nucleus
Theodore Schwan
"all animals made of cells"
Osmosis
diffusion of water
Exocytosis
cell expels material
Endocytosis
cell engulfs material
Scientific Method
1)observation-formulate question
2)Form hypothesis-educated guess
3)Design and conduct experiment-identify and control variables
4)Interpret data- graphs,chart
5)form conclusion-hypothesis supported?
Properties of water
1)water has high surface tension-but able to walk on water
2)capillary action-creeps up in tubes, tress get water
3)high heat of vaporization-lots of energy to evaporate water, long time to boil water
4)resists temp. change-pools long time to get warm
5)expands when freezes-splits rocks open
Characteristics of Life
1)made of 1 or more cells
2)Reproduce
3)Grow and develop: birth, develop, die
4)obtain and use energy
5)respond to environment
6)contains DNA
Cell Theory
1) all living things made of 1 or more cell
2)basic unit of organization
3)all come from preexisting cells
Passive/Active Transport
-no energy required, high to low
-energy required, low to high
pH Scale
H+=OH- neutral

more H+ acidic, hydrogen

more H- basic, hydroxide

7 is neutral, below is acidic above is basic

closer to 7 is weaker farther from 7 is stronger

each # is a factor of 10
info on periodic table
top number= atomic number
bottom number= atomic mass
atomic mass-atomic number= # of neutrons
isotopes
Forms of the same chemical element that differ only by the number of neutrons
Diff. between mass and weight?
mass=amount of matter in object
weight=force of gravity on object
Peptide bond?
Carboxyl Group?
amino group?
-bond between amino acids
-C,O,OH
-N,H,H
Plants store sugar as______
animals store sugar as_____
starch
glycogen
diff. between pro and eukaryote?
eukaryotes are bigger, and younger
prokaryotes are smaller and older
who contributed to cell theory?
Rudolf Virchow- "cells come from preexisting cells"
Matthias Schleiden-"all plants made of cells"
Phagocytosis/Pinocytosis
solid materials absorbed
liquid drops abosorbed
types of passive transport
-osmosis: diffusion of water
-facilitated: carrier proteins
Carbon fixation
????????????????
phases of cell division
Interphase-grows and develops, DNA replicated
Prophase-1st and longest of mitosis, chromatin coil up into chromosomes
Metaphase-chromosomes line up at equator
Anaphase-chromosomes pull apart, pull apart, fibers begin to break down
Telophase-chromosomes unwind to chromatin, nucleus reappear
What is telophase called in animal cells? plant cells?
-cleavage furrow
-cell plates